Sources Of Stress Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sources Of Stress Deck (13):
1

Stressor

Stimuli that cause or produce stress and challenge our ability to cope

2

Stress

A state of physiological and psychological arousal produced by internal or external stressors that are perceived by the individual as challenging or exceeding their ability or resources to cope.

3

Stress reaction

The PHYSIOLOGICAL and PSYCHOLOGICAL result of STRESS

4

Sources of stress:

Daily pressures, life events, acculturative, major, catastrophe

5

Daily pressure

MINOR problems of EVERYDAY living that are irritants that ANNOY or BOTHER us and can make us upset or angry

Accumulation can lead to flu, cold, mood disturbances

Eg) car broke down, lose your keys

6

Life event

A CHANGE that forces us to ADAPT to NEW circumstances

Have immediate and long term consequences, subjective

Eg) leaving home/school, changing relationships

7

Acculturative stress

The stress people experience in trying to ADAPT to a NEW CULTURE when living it it for a CONSIDERABLE PERIOD OF TIME

Acculturation involves: adopting new values, customs and language preferences.

Factors that influence if stress is experienced: acceptance of new culture, familiarity of language, individual attitudes , age education and religion

eg) international students, immigrants or refugees

8

Major stressor

An event that is EXTRAORDINARILY STRESSFUL or DISTURBING for ALMOST EVERYONE that experiences it.

One off event or ongoing

Usually life threatening or significant threat to individual’s physiological or psychological well being

Eg) acts of violence, natural disasters

9

Catastrophe

A UNPREDICTABLE even that causes WIDESPREAD DAMAGE or SUFFERING

usually occurs suddenly, affects many people, out of their control

Affects risk of health problems, experience common stress reactions immediately, can develop chronic stress related symptoms

Eg) war, earthquake, tsunami

10

Eustress

A POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSE to a STRESSOR as indicated by the presence of POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL STATES

eg) enthusiastic, excited, active, alert

Human body does not recognise the distinction between eustress and distress- the same physiological changes occur. Physiological factors determine if a situation is eustressful or distressful

11

Distress

A NEGATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSE to a STRESSOR as indicated by the presence of NEGATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL STATES.

Eg) anger, anxiety, nervousness, irritability or tension

12

Internal stressor

Originated within the individual eg) physical pain, illness, personal problem causing concern

13

External stressor

Originates outside the individual, from situations/events in the environment eg) too much homework, overcrowded train