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WSET Diploma: Unit 3: Africas > South africa > Flashcards

Flashcards in South africa Deck (164)
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1

Paarl

District, Warmer, less maritime influenced climate (varies), Varied soils, Range of varieties grown, KMW and large estate based in Paarl, Franschoek and Wellington are important wards.

2

Stellenbosch

District, Warm Mediterranean climate, Granite and sandstone soils, Heart of quality wine production, Bordeaux blends with Pinotage, Base of national viticultural institute.

3

Tulbagh District

Small warmer climate district surrounded by mountains.
Varied climates, topography and soils.
Showing promise with Shiraz.

4

Walker Bay District

Best Pinot Noir and Chardonnay in Sth Africa

5

Wine laws?

Wine of origin legislation since 1973.
75% from stated vintage.
85% of stated variety
100% from stated area.
Certification seal after tasting guarantees accurately.

6

The vineyards of South Africa are buffeted by the winds of which two oceans?

Atlantic and Indian

7

Breede River Valley

Inland, hot climate.
Modern canopy management enables crisp Sauv Blanc and Sparkling despite heat.

8

What Elgin?

A district in South Africa's Cape South Coast

9

In South Africa, the climate is cooler than the latitude might suggest. Why?

Benguela current is a cold current that flows up from the Antartica.

10

Name 2 districts inside the Olifants River Region.

Lutzville Valley
Citrusdal Valley
Citrusdall Mountains

11

Name the the districts of the Breede River Region

Robertson
Breedekloof
Swellendam
Worcester
Tulbagh

12

What is the Cape Doctor?

Summer wind that blows in from the South East during the summer, months, gale force winds that wrecks havoc.

13

What is the Northern most wine region in South Africa?

Olifants River

14

Wine region hierarchy

Estate wines.
Wards (50+) eg Franschoek
Districts (16) eg Paarl and Stellenbosch
Regions (5) untidy production boundaries as not all districts are part of a region etc

15

Western Cape

Catch all appellations covering all vineyards on the cape allowing blended single varietal wines from different regions to be sold in EU.

16

Coastal Region

Heartland of fine wine.
Including Stellenbosch, Constancia and Paarl

17

Constancia

Small, prestigious ward outside Cape Town.
Sea influence.
Ideal for Sauv Blanc with full spectrum of aromatic varietal characteristics.

18

Tygerberg District

Rolling hills 10K from Cape Town.
Sea influence.
Outstanding Sauv Blanc
Durbanville ward especially good.

19

Where are most of the vineyards of South Africa located?

South western part of the country.

20

What is the KMV? Detail its role in South Africa's wine industry.

Kooperative Wijnbouwers Vereniging. A national co-operative or grapegrower's trade union- became a price cartel and over ran production, focusing on quality over quantity.

21

Rainfall

Low, making irrigation necessary in most areas.

22

Climate

Mediterranean
Cold ocean current cools far inland.

23

South African white

Over 50% of production

24

White SA grapes

Chenin Blanc (steen), 1/5 total.
Chardonnay.
Sauvignon Blanc
Muscat of Alexandria (Hanepoot)

25

Chenin Blanc

Steen
1/5 of goal plantings
Versatile both dry and sweet
Body and toasty characters from barrel aging.

26

Chardonnay

Great quality. Potential in cool sites barrel fermentation and lees stirring add complexity.

27

Sauvignon Blanc

Styles range from fresh and herbaceous to nutty and vegetal

28

Muscat of Alexandria

Hanepoot
Desert wines (not vin de Constance)

29

Vin de Constance

Muscat Blanc A Petit Grains

30

SA Red varieties

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Syrah
Cinsault/ Cinsaut
Pinotage