SPECIMEN COLLECTION Flashcards Preview

SPECIMEN COLLECTION > SPECIMEN COLLECTION > Flashcards

Flashcards in SPECIMEN COLLECTION Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

URINALYSIS

o Specimen should be collected in a clear, clean, and dry container with a tight fitting lid.
o A regular voided specimen is acceptable for routine analysis. However, to avoid contamination of the specimen, a midstream collection is preferable.
o VOLUME: 20 cc to 50 cc
o STABILITY: 1hr

2

FECALYSIS

o Clear, non-breakable, sealable, and leak proof container
o AMOUNT: Peanut size
o STABILITY: 1hr

3

CSF AND OTHER BODY FLUIDS

o Specimen should be collected in a clear, dry, and sterile container
o STABILITY: Room temperature for 8hrs

4

SPERM ANALYSIS

o Abstains from sex or masturbation for several days before the test. (3-5 days)
o It is required to be collected in the morning
o Does not avoid ejaculation for more than 14 days before the test
o Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and marijuana before the sperm analysis
o Do not use lubricants when collecting the sample
o Clean, non-breakable, sealable, and leak proof container
o STABILITY: specimen must be processed immediately after submission

5

MICROBIOLOGY -- URINE CULTURE & SENSITIVITY

o Urine for c & s must be collected in a sterile container
o A midstream clean-catch collection procedure ensures that the specimen is free of contamination from external genital areas.
o STABILITY: 2hrs room temperature

6

MICROBIOLOGY -- BODY FLUIDS FOR C & S

o Specimen must be collected in a sterile container

7

MICROBIOLOGY -- SPUTUM AFB

o Specimen must be collected in a sterile container
o Patient should not take any food or drinks before collecting the specimen
o Brushing of teeth is also not allowed
o Specimen must be collected early morning, deep cough for 3 consecutives days
o STABILITY: 2hrs room temperature

8

MICROBIOLOGY -- GS, KOH, & WET SMEAR OF OTHER BODY FLUIDS

o Specimen must be collected in a sterile container or glass slide
o STABILITY: 2hrs room temperature

9

BLOOD CULTURE BOTTLE

o Aseptic draw
o VOLUME: 3cc to 5cc

10

HISTOPATHOLOGY -- ROUTINE SUBMISSION

o All specimens must be placed in a secure, appropriately-sized, leak proof container, and covered with 10% buffered formalin or prefer.
o STORAGE: Room temperature

11

HISTOPATHOLOGY -- FRESH SPECIMEN

o Fresh: no fixative must be used
o All fresh specimens must be transported to the laboratory STAT. (to know if benign or malignant)
o STORAGE: Room temperature

12

VACUTAINER TUBES -- COLLECTION

o Follow order of draw
o Transport specimen on designated area
o Fill the required amount per tube

13

REQUISITION FORM

• Patient’s full legal name,
• Date of birth (DOB),
• Attending/Ordering physician,
• Date and time of collection,
• Specific test(s) requested or Specimen site and
source when required.

14

SPECIMEN CONTAINER & TUBES

• LABEL INCLUDES:
o Patient’s full legal name,
o Date of birth (DOB),
o Date and time of collection,
o Specific site as appropriate for non-blood specimens (Microbiology, Histology, etc.)
o Label the container not the lid or biohazard bag
o When submitting glass slides, label the frosted end using a pencil with Patient’s full name and DOB

15

SPECIMEN REJECTION

1. Specimen is not accurately and properly identified.
2. Specimens that are received in an incorrect container, collected improperly.
3. Specimens collected in expired collection media, tube, or kit.
4. Insufficient specimen volume received to perform testing.
5. They are not accompanied by a requisition/order.
6. The quality/integrity of the sample is suboptimal or too old to yield accurate results
7. Transported incorrectly
8. Inadequate fixative
9. Specimen too large for container
10. Incorrect media
11. Specimen stability compromised (age of specimen, temperature stored)

16

SPECIMEN TRANSPORT -- PRIMARY PACKAGING

o Primary container must be water tight. Seal screw top containers securely with parafilm, adhesive tape or something similar.
o Wrap multiple containers individually to prevent breakage.

17

SPECIMEN TRANSPORT -- SECONDARY PACKAGING

o Use enough absorbent material to absorb the entire contents of all primary containers in case of leakage or damage.