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Flashcards in Spinal Orthotic Biomechanics Deck (33)
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1

A 20 year old male has sustained an L1 burst fracture - What do you recommend?

TLSO: Triplanar control

2

Which orthosis would be indicated for a T9, 2-column compression fracture?

TLSO: sagittal/coronal control

3

Which orthosis would you recommend to manage an anterior compression fracture at T12?

TLSO: sagittal control

4

A patient presents with disruption of the supraspinous ligament, posterior longitudinal ligament and the ligamentun flavum. What is most likely the mechanism of injury?

Flexion

5

When the anterior longitudinal ligament is involved, what is the most common mechanism of injury?

Extension

6

The correct anterior pin placement for a HALO is:

10mm superior to the eyebrow and placed above the lateral 1/3 of eyebrow

7

An adolescent female with scoliosis presents in your facility. Because she is being recommended for orthotic treatment, what presentation would you expect to see?

Risser sign of +1-2, Cobb angle of 25-40 degrees

8

Orthotic management of a T1 fracture should be treated with:

A CTO

9

What is the correct posterior trim line for a thermoplastic TLSO?

10 mm distal to spine of the scapula
10 mm above the seat with hips flexed to 90 degrees

10

Which biomechanical principle would be the most effective in unloading an intervertebral disc?

Increased intra-cavitary pressure

11

List, in order from least to most effective, the following cervical orthoses: SOMI, 4-poster CTO, Miami J, HALO and soft collar

Soft collar, Miami J, SOMI, 4 poster CTO and HALO

12

Which condition should be positioned in sagittal flexion for orthotic treatment?

Spondylolisthesis, Spondylolysis and Spinal Stenosis

13

When is it acceptable to have the aterior apron on a conventional LSO to be shorter than the desired height?

Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis, or any condition that you treat with sagittal flexion

14

Unilateral contracture of the sternocleidomastoid that is indicative of torticollis would cause the patient to present with:

Lateral head flexion to ipsolateral side and rotation to the contralateral side

15

Placement of a thoracic band on a conventional LSO should be:

10mm distal to inferior angle of the scapula

16

What is the most important biomechanical principle when managing a neuromuscular spine?

Total contact

17

Why is a SOMI not effective in controlling cervical extension?

The occipital pad pivots in the sagittal plane and the design does not have enough rigidity to control cervical extension

18

Can a three-column, two level injury be treated orthotically?

No, surgical stabilization will be needed prior to orthotic treatment

19

Traumatic spondylolisthesis of C2 is known as:

Hangman's fracture

20

In what order should the HALO pins be tightened?

Diagonally opposed pins will be tightened together

21

Increasing the intra-abdominal pressure is used in spinal orthotics to:

Reduce axial load on lumbar vertebrae and intervertebral discs

22

What is the method used to find baseline for corset measurement?

(inferior costal margin to iliac crest)/2

23

If a patient is unable to tolerate strap pressure in the axilla in a TLSO:sagittal control orthosis, what adjustment might be done?

Use a harness chest strap with a sternal plate

24

Which cervical level exhibits the most sagittal motion?

The most motion occurs between the skull and C1

25

The Knight orthosis is also known as:

LSO: sagittal/coronal control

26

In what position should spinal orthoses be tightened on a patient?

Supine

27

Where is the appropriate placement of the paraspinal bars for lumbosacral orthosis?

Follow the apices of the paraspinal muscles

28

Why would a Milwaukee CTLSO not be recommended for a person with a paralytic spine?

Due to the lack of sensation, the individual cannot provide the active forces (kinesthetic reminder) necessary for correction

29

Hypokyphosis is defined as having a sagittal curve magnitude in the range of:

0-20 degrees

30

A 35 year old male is seen at the hospital with a compression fracture of L5. What is your treatmet recommendation?

LSO with unilateral hip spica attachment
Due to the increase motion that would occur with stabilizing L1-5, the hip spica is added to immobilize L5 for the fracture to heal without irritation.

31

What is the most likely mechanism of injury for a seatbelt (chance) fracture?

Flexion and distraction

32

Which is the only orthosis known to control motion at the atlanto-occipital joint?

HALO

33

A patient is seen in the office for treatment of a grade III spondylolisthesis presentation and a 45 degree slip angle. What is the treatment recommendation for the patient?

Surgery