Spot Test Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Spot Exam > Spot Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spot Test Deck (104)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the two kinds of fibrous joints?

Sutures and fibrous sheets

2

What are sutures?

Joints between the skull bones

3

What are fibrous sheets? give an example

syndesmoses eg interosseous membrane between the radius and ulna

4

What are the two kinds of cartilaginous joints?

Primary and secondary

5

What are primary cartilaginous joints? Give and example:

Bones are connected by hyaline cartilage and may ossify eg epiphyseal growth plate

6

What are secondary cartilaginous joints? Give an example:

Fibrocartilage between bones eg invertebral discs

7

What are the main bones of the skull?

Frontal, parietal, sphenoid, temporal and occipital

8

What is the head of the femur?

Epiphysis

9

What is the neck of the femur?

Metaphysis

10

What are the five subtypes of synovial joint?

Pivot (>45 degree), plane, ball and socket, hinge, biaxial

11

What is subluxation?

Reduced area of contact between articular surfaces

12

What is dislocation?

Complete loss of contact between articular surfaces

13

What are the TMJs?

Mandibular fossa and the articular tubercle of temporal bone superiorly & (head of condylar process of the madible inferioirly

14

What is the special feature of the TMJ?

Articular disc

15

What is the structure of bone?

Outer cortex and inner medulla

16

What is the outer layer of the bone called?

Periosteum (very painful in fractures)

17

What are the 3 fossae of the cranial cavity?

anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossa

18

What bone has no articulations?

Hyoid

19

What is the pectoral girdle?

Bones of the shoulder that attache upper limb to axial skeleton

20

What is the hole that passes through base of skull?

Foramen magnum

21

What are the bones of the facial skeleton?

Nasal (left and right), zygomatic bone (left and right- cheek bone), maxilla (left and right), mandible

22

How many cervical vertebrae are there?

7

23

How many thoracic vertebrae are there?

12

24

How many lumbar vertebrae are there?

5

25

How many scral vertebrae fused to scrum are there?

5

26

How many coccygeal vertebrae are there fused to coccyx?

4

27

When can the intervertebral foramen be seen?

Lateral view

28

What is the first palpable spinous process?

C7 (vertebrae prominens)

29

How many pairs of ribs are there?

12

30

What are the true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs?

1-6, 7-10, 11 &12