Spring 2016 Final!!!!!! Flashcards Preview

Monday: Clinical Fundamentals > Spring 2016 Final!!!!!! > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spring 2016 Final!!!!!! Deck (29):
1

_______ infections are those acquired in course of medical care

Nosocomial

2

_____ is a leading nosocomial infection due to catheter use.

UTI

3

Bloodstream also at risk of nosocomial infection due to long term use of ______

Vascular Access Devises (VAD)

4

Bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses are all _______

Microorganisms

5

__1__ is classified by shape or grouping and must be __2__ to be seen under a microscope.

1. Bacteria
2. Stained

6

Gram negative ___ take stain

Does not

7

Gram positive=____ take stain

Does

8

Acid fast=____ to colorization by aid alcohol.

Resistant

9

Bacteria form a protective _______ until conditions are right to survive.

Spore

10

Fungi exists as _____ and ______

Yeast and molds

11

Examples of bacteria are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ect.

1. TB
2. Strep Throat
3. Lyme Disease
4. Gonorrhea

12

Examples of fungi _____ and ______, ect

Thrush and Histpplasmosis

13

Parasites are __1__ that move by __2__, pseudopod, or __3__. Parasites are also __4__ (worms)

1. Protozoa
2. Cilia
3. Flagella
4. Helminths

14

_______ are the smallest Microorganisms known to cause disease.

Viruses.

15

Viruses attach to a __1__ host cell, invades it, then produces new viral particles as host is __2__ (__3__)

1. Specific
2. Destroyed
3. Lysis

16

Examples of viruses are

Cold, Flu, Mumps, HIV, Hepatitis, ect.

17

Elements needed to transmit infection:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1. Infectious agent and reservoir
2. Environment for microbes to live
3. Portal o exit
4. Means of transmission
5. Portal of entrance into host

18

Mean of transportion:
1. Direct or _____ contact
2.
3. Vehicle (_____, ______, ____)
4. _______ (insects or animals)
5. Airborne.

1. Indirect
2. Droplet
3. Food, water, drugs
4. Vector

19

Methods of acquiring immunity:
A. __1__ Aquired-antibodies produced in a persons body
B. __2__ Aquired-received from one person to another.-__3__ term
C. __4__ Active Aquired-from vaccine

1. Active
2. Passive
3. Short
4. Artificial

20

Process of infection:
1.
2.
3.
4.

1. Incubation
2. Prodromal
3. Full disease
4. Convalescent

21

AIDS (__1__)=caused by __2__

1. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
2. HIV

22

HIV is a __1__ that destroys __2__ cells in immune system

1. Retrovirus
2. T-4

23

There are 5 phases of infection, a person is not diagnosed with AIDS until stage __1__. Common opportunistic infections are Pneumocystitis __2__ Pnuemonia (PCP), Kaposi's __3__ (KS), AIDS dementia, __4__ (thrush).

1. 5
2. Carinii
3. Sarcoma
4. Candida

24

Is there an AIDS vaccine?

No, therefore treatment focuses on decreasing virus in bloodstream.

25

HIV is transmitted via:
1.
2.
3.

1. Blood to blood
2. Semen to blood
3. Mother to child

26

Viral Hepatitis is inflammation of the ______

Liver

27

Hep A and E are spread via

Fecal to oral route

28

HC workers are at a risk for __1__. Avoid needle sticks and __2__ exposure. Is a vaccine

1. Hep B
2. Blood

29

TB is caused by __1__, mainly affects the __2__ but can affect other body parts

1. AFB
2. lungs