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Flashcards in Squirrel Biofacts Deck (36):
1

Weight of fox squirrel

1.3-2.8 lbs

2

Which is larger- fox squirrel or gray squirrel?

fox squirrel

3

On the fox squirrel, what part of its body is colored cinnamon

the feet

4

Weight of gray squirrel

.07-1.3 lbs

5

Breeding peaks

July-September and December-February

6

Gestation period

42-45 days

7

How many squirrels are born at a time?

2-4

8

When do the eyes open?

5 weeks

9

When do they start climbing?

7-8 weeks

10

venture the ground at how old?

10 weeks

11

weaned at how old?

12 weeks

12

When do they become mature?

10-11 months

13

When does feeding start?

morning and late afternoon

14

When does mass migration occur?

when food supply is depleted

15

What percent of young squirrels make up the yearly population?

60%

16

A population of how many squirrels per acre is considered good?

one squirrel per acre

17

What are some external parasites that have rendered squirrels to breed?

mites, chiggers, and fleas

18

What is the daily food requirement?

0.2 lbs

19

What is the main food stay and what percent do they make up of the total weight?

Acorns; 60%

20

How old do trees have to be to make acorns?

25 years

21

How do they get their calcium?

eating antlers, bones, seeds, and fruit

22

What is the preferred food?

Pecans

23

The best habitat is mature woods or irreguarly shaped tracts of how many acres?

15-20 acres

24

Gray squirrels prefer cover found along what?

streams

25

What is preffered for nurseries?

Hollow trees

26

Production is how much more successful in tree cavities than leaf nests?

2 1/2

27

How old do trees need to be in order to produce tree cavities?

40 yrs old

28

An area needs what percent of hardwood trees to maintain good habitat?

5-10%

29

Is water required daily?

no

30

How long can they go without water?

several weeks

31

Fox squirrel range over a year?

40 acres

32

Average and minimum range of a fox squirrel?

10 acres; minimum 2 acres

33

average and minimum range of a gray squirrel?

8 acres; minimum 2 acres

34

Gray squirrel range over a year?

20 acres

35

What management practice will minimize competition?

proper grazing

36

during site prepartion, leave areas undisturbed or how many feet on each side of drains and areas on steep slopes?

100-150