Review the important terms for SSUSH10 - Reconstruction
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
17th president of the United States, came to office after Lincoln’s assassination and opposed Radical Republicans; Impeachment trial based on his opposition to Reconstruction efforts by Congress
laws passed in the south just after the civil war aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit african american workers
Northerners who went to the South during Reconstruction. They carried their belongings in carpetbags, and most intended to settle in the South and make money there. Part of the radical government, they passed much needed reforms.
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river; as long as Hayes became the president
• Passed 14th and 15th amendments, • Military reconstruction act divided the south into five military districts, • Military rule protected voting rights for African Americans
federal agency set up in 1865 to provide food, schools, and medical care to freed slaves in the South
the first African American senator
he intentionally violates Tenure Act because it was set upt to get him impeached by firing Secretary of War Edwin Stantin, at the Trial his lawyer says his only crime is opposing Congress, 12 democrats and 7 republicans vote him “not guilty”, so he escaped impeachment by one vote
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people
Lincoln’s 10% Plan
Lincoln’s reconstruction plan which would allow a southern state to reenter the union if only 10% of the voters in that state pledged allegiance to the union.
was the President’s idea of reconstruction : all states had to end slavery, states had to declare that their secession was illegal, and a small % men had to pledge their loyalty to the U.S.
Congressional (Radical Republican) Reconstruction
punish south, protect former slaves; US military occupation of South, Confederate military leaders needed pardon to hold office, protect Blacks right to vote