Flashcards in Static Electricity Deck (58):
How is static electricity transferred when rubbing a balloon on your hair?
How is static electricity transferred when sticking a charged balloon to a wall?
How is static electricity transferred when touching a charged cloth to a piece of metal
The buildup of charges on an object is called________.
What law states that charges are not created or destroyed they are transferred.
Conservation of charge
The transfer of charge from one object to another by rubbing is called ____________.
What instrument can detect electric charge?
The loss of static electricity as electric charges move off an object is called __________.
What is the movement of electrons from one part of an object to another part, caused by the electric field of another object, without the two objects touching called?
What is the transfer of charge when electrons move from a charged object to another object by direct contact called
Placing your hands on the Van de Graaff generator is that friction induction or conduction?
Friction induction or conduction ?
when using a charge balloon to pick up a small piece of paper
When rubbing plastic wrap on a balloon, is it friction induction or conduction?
What did you observe happening to the butterfly wings when you came near them with the charged balloon?
The wings were attracted to the balloon so they came up and touch the balloon
Why did the wings move?
explain what happened to the subatomic particle's in the wings that cause this to occur
The wings were attracted to the balloon, the subatomic particles rearranged to touch the balloon
Explain how the balloon became charged by friction?
We were of the balloon on our shirt and the electrons jumped to the balloon and left our shirt positive
What type of charge does the balloon have?
A negative charge
What other lab or demonstration show this method of charging?
The salt and pepper lab
What are three ways static electricity can be transferred?
Friction conduction and induction
Does static electricity move?
No static means not moving
Which sentence explains why there is no overall electric charge in a neutral object?
A. In the objects atoms, each positive charged is balanced by a negative charge
B. The objects atoms contain no charged particles
C. The positive charges are attracted to other positive charges
How can an object become charged?
An object becomes charged by friction, for example a balloon is rubbed on wool, now the wall is + and the balloon -
is gaining or losing electrons
The buildup of charges on an object is called ____________.
If an object gains electrons what will be its overall charge?
What is anything that takes up space and has mass called?
What tiny particles are all matter made up of?
What charges does each atom contain?
Electrons, protons and neutrons
What charges do electrons have?
What charges do protons have?
What charges do neutrons have?
Where are protons and neutrons found in an atom?
In the central core or nucleus
If electrons are not found in the nucleus where are they located?
They orbit around the nucleus
Explain why most objects are considered electrically balanced.
They are electrically balanced because they have the same number of electrons and protons
If an object loses electrons when it is rubbed, it is said to have a _________ charge because it has more protons
Like charges or charges that are the same, occur when two objects both became __________ or _________ charged
Positive and negative
When one object becomes positively charged and the other becomes negatively charged they are considered to be _________ charges
What are three methods in which charges are transferred?
Friction, conduction and induction
True or false?
An electric field extends outward from every charged particle
Because of an electrical field, charged particles that are ___________ would be pulled together
Different or opposite
What instrument has two thin metal leaves and is used to detect an electrical charge?
Cellophane was stuck on the wall then wool was rubbed on it then taken off and it repel but when she put her arm in the middle it attracted. Name the method of charging
The balloon was rubbed on hair then the balloon was taken away and the hair was attracted to the balloon and was sticking up to touch the balloon. Name the method of charging
The ripped paper started stacking up to touch the balloon because it was attractive. Name the method of charging
The comb was near the water and was curving closer to the comb to be attracted to it. Name the method of charging
The balloon was rubbed and then stuck on the wall then it stayed. Name the method of charging
The balloon was robbed and then it was put on the rod and the leave spread apart. Name the method of charging
The balloon was rubbed then it was put near the soda can and they can removed. Name the method of charging
If an object is rubbed and it loses electrons, what kind of charge will it have?
Explain why the object that is rubbed and loses electrons will have a positive charge?
because it has more electrons than protons
If it object gains electrons when it is rubbed, what kind of charge will it have?
When two objects become negatively charged they are said to have __________ charges
If one object becomes negatively charged and the other positively charged they are said to have __________ charges
If two objects have like charges what will they do?
If two objects have unlike charges what will they do?
When a balloon is rubbed on hair, what does the balloon gain?
What charge will the hair have after it is rubbed by the balloon?
What are atoms made of?