Stress, Coping & Cognition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Stress, Coping & Cognition Deck (26)
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1
Q

Define stress

A
  • a stimulus, response and state which leads to confusion and ambugity
  • disturbs the bodies equilibrium
2
Q

What are the common themes of this unit?

A
  • homeostasis
  • stressors
  • crisis
  • adaptation
3
Q

What does the general adaptation system consist of

A
  • alarm reaction
  • resistance stage
  • exhaustion stage
4
Q

what is the alarm reaction?

A

fight or flight

5
Q

what is the resistance stage?

A

when the body begins to repair itself

6
Q

what is the exhaustion stage?

A

organism starts to show health consquences

7
Q

define homeostasis

A

return of system to a stable set point

8
Q

What is primary appraisal?

A

identification

9
Q

what is secondary appraisal?

A

coping strategies

10
Q

what are the 2 types of crises?

A

developmental and situational

11
Q

what is a developmental crisis?

A

mastering developmental task as an individual or family

12
Q

what is a situational crisis?

A
  • natural disaster
  • end of an intimate relationship
  • loss of work
13
Q

what are the 2 types of stress response systems?

A
  • sympathetic-adrenal-medullary-system
  • hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
14
Q

what can increase the risk of stress?

A
  • mental illness
  • cardiovascular disease
  • insulin resistance
  • metabolic syndrome
  • autoimmune disease
15
Q

what are the different types of stress?

A

Distress
- damaging stress
Eustress
- Stress that protects health
Chronic stress
Acute stress
Trauma
PTSD

16
Q

What are the 2 stress-related disorders?

A
  • Acute stress disorder
  • PTDS
17
Q

How long does acute stress last?

A

up to 1 month after the event

18
Q

How long does PTSD last?

A

longer than a month

19
Q

How can stress be manifested?

A
  • Emotionally
  • Cognitively
  • Physically
  • Behaviourally
20
Q

What was Newman’s system model about?

A

prevention strategies

21
Q

What was the health promotion model about?

A

avoidance of negative events

22
Q

define situational factors

A
  • job changes
  • illness
  • caregiver stress
23
Q

define maturational factors

A

vary with life stages

24
Q

define sociocultural factors

A

environmental and social stressors precieved by children, adolescence and adults

25
Q

examples of maladaptive coping

A
  • drinking
  • gambling
  • avoidance
  • binge eating
  • mental escape
26
Q

examples adaptive coping

A
  • yoga
  • exercise
  • using humour
  • problem solving