Structural Terms/Techniques Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Structural Terms/Techniques Deck (34):
1

Dialogue

Conversation between two or more charachters

2

Flashback

A section in a text that is set before the events of the main story

3

Future Tense

A verb that describes something that will happen. E.g. "they will laugh"

4

Narrator

The person who tells the story

5

Past Tense

A verb that describes t happened in the past. E.g. "they laughed"

6

Point of View

The way a character regards events or people

7

Sequence

The order in which things happen

8

Setting

Where the events take place

9

Structure

The organisation of a text

10

Present tense

A verb that describes something that is happening nom. E.g. "they laugh" or "they are laughing"

11

Narrative

A written story or account

12

Narrative voice

The person telling the story from their point of view

13

Perspective

A particular view of something

14

Structural feature

A feature that helps to,structure a text

15

Empathize

To understand and share someone else's feelings

16

Narrow Focus

The writer focuses in on a specific (often small details)section of the text.

17

Wider Perspective/Focus

Often deals with bigger details/setting/more characters etc.

18

Switch Focus

When the writer changes the focus from one character to another, one setting to another and what a character is thinking to what he/she is doing.

19

Cyclical (circular) Structure

Where a story ends in a similar way to how it begins. This could be through setting, action, characters, language choice, atmosphere or focus etc.

20

Climax

The most exciting part of the story

21

Anti-Climax

A disappointing point of the story which was not as exciting as you hoped

22

Rising Action

Where the tension/excitement of the story is building towards a climax

23

Falling Action

Where the excitement in a story starts to fall away. Often found after a climax or anti-climax.

24

Contrast

Difference between things

25

First Person Perspective

The point of view of a character involved in the story using "i"

26

Pace

The speed of which something happens

27

Symbolism

The use of symbols to represent something else

28

Third person Perspective

The point of view f someone not involved in the action of the story using "he", "she" or "they".

29

Opening- Dialogue:
Characters are speaking as the narrative begins

What is the effect?

The reader is thrown straight in, without orientation or warning

30

Opening- Description:
Sets the scene or describes a character

What is the effect?

Establishes mood and atmosphere and creates a visual picture for the reader

31

Opening- Character:
Introduces a character's thoughts

What is the effect?

Gives the reader someone to empathise with or imagine straightaway

32

Opening- Mystery:
An intriguing event or question is set up

What is the effect?

Pulls the reader in by making them want to know what happens next

33

Opening- Thematic Statement:
Indicates what ideas or themes will be significant

What is the effect?

Lets the reader know that the detail to follow fits into a wider context

34

Opening- Action:
A physical description of something happening

What is the effect?

Can create a sense of immediate danger and throw the reader into the middle of an event