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1

who are the three tragic playwrights?

Aeschylus,sophocles and Euripides

2

what did aeschylus add to plays?

a 2nd actor

3

what did sophocles add to plays?

a 3rd actor and props/scenary

4

what are the 4 plays we read and their authors?

Oedipus the king - sophocles
lylistrata - Aristophanes
Atsumori- Zeami motokiyo
Everyman- anonymus

5

What is the city Dionysia?

A 3 day festival for the god Dionysus, in which there was a lot of sex and booze as well as acting. The acting took place in a competition, playwrights had to write a trilogy with 3 tragedies and on satyr to see who was the best playwright.

6

Who was thepis?

the first actor

7

who was dionisyus?

The god of wine, theatre and fertility

8

What is a satyr play?

a comedy play with crass and bawdy humor, the chorus was comprised of satyrs

9

what is a satyr?

a nature spirit that has half goat half male traits with erect phayilis's

10

what are the two types of comedy?

old comedy and new comedy

11

what is old comedy and who is an example of a old comedy playwright?

old comedy is bawdy, vulgar, ridiculous and makes fun of politicians. ex: Aristophanes

12

what is new comedy and who is an example of a new comedy playwright?

new comedy is refined, intellectual and made fun of the vices and flaws of everyday people. ex: Menander

13

what did greek theatres look like?

they were large open spaces with stages at the bottom and the audience elevated on the sides

14

how did greek theatre begin?

Greek theatre was initally very religious and was a tribute to the gods

15

what is the skene?

a tent or building at the back of the stage used for actors exits and entrances,usually decorated

16

what is the proskenion?

the playing space in front of the skene (stage)

17

what is the chorus?

a masked group that sang and danced they would represent society and comment on the play

18

what is the parados?

the aisles on either side of the stage/ the song chanted by the chorus upon their entry

19

what is the mekane?

a mechanical device use to lower actors onto stage

20

what is a ekkyklema?

a wagon like cart that could roll out, used to bring scenes into the audience

21

what is the difference between roman and greek theatre?

the romans loved comedies whereas the greeks loved tragedies

22

what is a tragic hero?

a character of noble birth who has a terrible reversal of fortune. Resulting in a punishment that is always far gretater then deserved. The tragic hero always has a fatal flaw that leads to their downfall.

23

what are the three types of japenses theatre?

Noh theatre, Kabuki and Bunraku

24

what is Noh theatre?

dramatic theatre composed of masks, music and 2-3 actors

25

what is Kabuki?

a form of theatre where the actors had painted faces,elaborate costumes and exaggerated movements. The stages were always very dynamic

26

what is bunraku?

elaborate puppet theatre

27

What started the dark ages?

the fall of the roman empire ( which was caused by the barbarians taking advantage of preexisting problems in rome )

28

What are the origins of medival theatre?

Throughout the dark ages there was so much despair in the world so people turned to religion. Theatre became another way to to talk about and spread religion.

29

what are the 3 m's of medival theatre?

Miracle plays, Mystery plays and Morality plays

30

what are miracle plays?

a sacred drama that depicts the lives of saints

31

what are mystery plays?

dramatizations of biblical events such as creation

32

what are morality plays?

they convey moral themes using allegories to dramatize aspects of christian moral life

33

what was the mouth of hell?

a stage prop that looked like the mouth of a monster, it was all firey and smoking ( ate sinners)

34

what was a mansion?

a booth like structure with corner posts and canopies used to represent biblical locales

35

what is a pageant cart?

a moveable stage or cart used to accomodate the mystery or miracle plays

36

what is commedia dell'arte

Comedic plays in which all the actors wore masks

37

what is a lazzi?

a comedic bit that doesn't advance the plot

38

who was one of the first commedia playwrights?

flaminio scala

39

who is a zanni?

a commedia character type usually a servant or lower class worker, they are known as the trickster ex: arlechino

40

who is a innamorati?

known as the lover ex: isabella, flavio

41

who is a vecchi?

the old men with money ex: pantalone

42

name all the plays we read since the midterm and their authors

Hamlet - Shakespeare
The twelfth night - Shakespeare
The Rover - Aphra Behn
Tartuffe - Moliere

43

When was the medieval period?

from the 5th century to the 14th

44

When was the Renaissance era?

from the 14th century to the 17th century

45

When was the Elizabethan era?

from the 16th century to the 17th century

46

when was the restoration period?

The 17th century

47

Why was the renaissance period called the renaissance?

the name refers to switch from a religious culture back to ancient philosophy, art, literature and science

48

What is the name "restoration" period referring to?

The name refers to a switch from the puritan rule back to English monarchy

49

Name 3 royals who supported theatre?

Queen Elizabeth, King Charles the 2nd and King Louis the 14

50

Who was king Charles the 2nd and what was he known for being?

He was the king of England for part of the restoration period, and was known for being a playboy (merry monarch)

51

Who was King Louis the 14 and what was he known for being?

He was the king of France in the 17th century and was known for being very fashion forward and in love with all things beautiful ( sun king)

52

How did theatre change between the Elizabethan era and the restoration period?

The theatre introduced women to the stage, sets and costumes became much more elaborate and the topics became more scandalous ( sex oriented)

53

What was the breeches role?

A female character who played a male character ex: Cesario in the 12th nigh

54

Describe french court?

French court was filled with gossip, sex and scandals, It revolved around who you were and what you wore

55

What was moliere's real name?

Jean baptiste poquelin

56

Why was tartuffe conisdered controversial?

Tartuffe's character was a very sly and conniving man, only out for money. He posed as a religious figure implying that the church was sly and out for money as well.

57

how many plays, sonnets and poems did shakespeare write?


37 plays
154 sonnets
2 long poems

58

what were the three types of plays Shakespeare wrote?

tragedy, comedy and history

59

What were the two forms of writing shakespeare used?

verse and prose

60

How did people know a play was being performed?

A flag was raised whenever a play was going to be performed. Red for history, white for comedy and black for tragedy

61

what was the name and layout of shakespeares theatre?

shakespeare's theatre was called the globe, it was circular and had no roof

62

What are groundlings?

Lower class citizens who would watch plays from the very front section of the audience and yell at the actors

63

who were the puritans?

Religious fanatics who sought to reform England, they were protestants and lead england for several years instead of the monarchy, they also hated theatre as well as Catholics.

64

What was the puritan leaders name?

Oliver cromwell

65

Who was Aphra Behn?

The first female playwright

66

why was the rover so controversial?

The rover discussed topics such as rape, arranged marriage, the double standard between men and women as well as women's lack of choices for their futures. These topics made the play very controversial