Flashcards in stuff tracey lee wants us to know Deck (66)
who are the three tragic playwrights?
Aeschylus,sophocles and Euripides
what did aeschylus add to plays?
a 2nd actor
what did sophocles add to plays?
a 3rd actor and props/scenary
what are the 4 plays we read and their authors?
Oedipus the king - sophocles
lylistrata - Aristophanes
Atsumori- Zeami motokiyo
What is the city Dionysia?
A 3 day festival for the god Dionysus, in which there was a lot of sex and booze as well as acting. The acting took place in a competition, playwrights had to write a trilogy with 3 tragedies and on satyr to see who was the best playwright.
Who was thepis?
the first actor
who was dionisyus?
The god of wine, theatre and fertility
What is a satyr play?
a comedy play with crass and bawdy humor, the chorus was comprised of satyrs
what is a satyr?
a nature spirit that has half goat half male traits with erect phayilis's
what are the two types of comedy?
old comedy and new comedy
what is old comedy and who is an example of a old comedy playwright?
old comedy is bawdy, vulgar, ridiculous and makes fun of politicians. ex: Aristophanes
what is new comedy and who is an example of a new comedy playwright?
new comedy is refined, intellectual and made fun of the vices and flaws of everyday people. ex: Menander
what did greek theatres look like?
they were large open spaces with stages at the bottom and the audience elevated on the sides
how did greek theatre begin?
Greek theatre was initally very religious and was a tribute to the gods
what is the skene?
a tent or building at the back of the stage used for actors exits and entrances,usually decorated
what is the proskenion?
the playing space in front of the skene (stage)
what is the chorus?
a masked group that sang and danced they would represent society and comment on the play
what is the parados?
the aisles on either side of the stage/ the song chanted by the chorus upon their entry
what is the mekane?
a mechanical device use to lower actors onto stage
what is a ekkyklema?
a wagon like cart that could roll out, used to bring scenes into the audience
what is the difference between roman and greek theatre?
the romans loved comedies whereas the greeks loved tragedies
what is a tragic hero?
a character of noble birth who has a terrible reversal of fortune. Resulting in a punishment that is always far gretater then deserved. The tragic hero always has a fatal flaw that leads to their downfall.
what are the three types of japenses theatre?
Noh theatre, Kabuki and Bunraku
what is Noh theatre?
dramatic theatre composed of masks, music and 2-3 actors
what is Kabuki?
a form of theatre where the actors had painted faces,elaborate costumes and exaggerated movements. The stages were always very dynamic
what is bunraku?
elaborate puppet theatre
What started the dark ages?
the fall of the roman empire ( which was caused by the barbarians taking advantage of preexisting problems in rome )
What are the origins of medival theatre?
Throughout the dark ages there was so much despair in the world so people turned to religion. Theatre became another way to to talk about and spread religion.
what are the 3 m's of medival theatre?
Miracle plays, Mystery plays and Morality plays
what are miracle plays?
a sacred drama that depicts the lives of saints
what are mystery plays?
dramatizations of biblical events such as creation
what are morality plays?
they convey moral themes using allegories to dramatize aspects of christian moral life
what was the mouth of hell?
a stage prop that looked like the mouth of a monster, it was all firey and smoking ( ate sinners)
what was a mansion?
a booth like structure with corner posts and canopies used to represent biblical locales
what is a pageant cart?
a moveable stage or cart used to accomodate the mystery or miracle plays
what is commedia dell'arte
Comedic plays in which all the actors wore masks
what is a lazzi?
a comedic bit that doesn't advance the plot
who was one of the first commedia playwrights?
who is a zanni?
a commedia character type usually a servant or lower class worker, they are known as the trickster ex: arlechino
who is a innamorati?
known as the lover ex: isabella, flavio
who is a vecchi?
the old men with money ex: pantalone
name all the plays we read since the midterm and their authors
Hamlet - Shakespeare
The twelfth night - Shakespeare
The Rover - Aphra Behn
Tartuffe - Moliere
When was the medieval period?
from the 5th century to the 14th
When was the Renaissance era?
from the 14th century to the 17th century
When was the Elizabethan era?
from the 16th century to the 17th century
when was the restoration period?
The 17th century
Why was the renaissance period called the renaissance?
the name refers to switch from a religious culture back to ancient philosophy, art, literature and science
What is the name "restoration" period referring to?
The name refers to a switch from the puritan rule back to English monarchy
Name 3 royals who supported theatre?
Queen Elizabeth, King Charles the 2nd and King Louis the 14
Who was king Charles the 2nd and what was he known for being?
He was the king of England for part of the restoration period, and was known for being a playboy (merry monarch)
Who was King Louis the 14 and what was he known for being?
He was the king of France in the 17th century and was known for being very fashion forward and in love with all things beautiful ( sun king)
How did theatre change between the Elizabethan era and the restoration period?
The theatre introduced women to the stage, sets and costumes became much more elaborate and the topics became more scandalous ( sex oriented)
What was the breeches role?
A female character who played a male character ex: Cesario in the 12th nigh
Describe french court?
French court was filled with gossip, sex and scandals, It revolved around who you were and what you wore
What was moliere's real name?
Jean baptiste poquelin
Why was tartuffe conisdered controversial?
Tartuffe's character was a very sly and conniving man, only out for money. He posed as a religious figure implying that the church was sly and out for money as well.
how many plays, sonnets and poems did shakespeare write?
2 long poems
what were the three types of plays Shakespeare wrote?
tragedy, comedy and history
What were the two forms of writing shakespeare used?
verse and prose
How did people know a play was being performed?
A flag was raised whenever a play was going to be performed. Red for history, white for comedy and black for tragedy
what was the name and layout of shakespeares theatre?
shakespeare's theatre was called the globe, it was circular and had no roof
What are groundlings?
Lower class citizens who would watch plays from the very front section of the audience and yell at the actors
who were the puritans?
Religious fanatics who sought to reform England, they were protestants and lead england for several years instead of the monarchy, they also hated theatre as well as Catholics.
What was the puritan leaders name?
Who was Aphra Behn?
The first female playwright