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Neuroscience I (Exam 1) > Superficial Face > Flashcards

Flashcards in Superficial Face Deck (15)
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1
Q

List the Layers of the Scalp.

A

SCAP

2
Q

Describe the Innervation to the Scalp.

A
3
Q

What is a main artery that is going to supply the skull?

A

Superficial Temporal Artery

4
Q

Which nerve will run with the Superficial Temporal Artery?

A

Auriculotemporal Nerve

5
Q

Infections in the scalp can spread through to the Dural Sinuses via which structure?

A

Emissary Veins

6
Q

What is the purpose of the Superficial Musculo-Apneurotic System (SMAS)?

Where does the facial nerve run?

A

Important when doing face lifts so the Plastic Surgeon know exactly where they are and does not do any damage to the underlying nerves/vasculature.

Facial Nerve Runs right through the Substance of the PAROTID GLAND

7
Q

Describe the relationship between the Facial Nerve and the Retromandibular Vein.

A

Facial Nerve will pass SUPERFICIALLY to the Retromandibular Vein!

8
Q

Describe the Innervation of the Parotid Gland (Autonomics).

A
9
Q

The Submandibular Gland will wrap around which Muscle?

A

Mylohyoid Muscle

10
Q

Describe structures that the Facial Nerve will innervate?

A

All muscles that the Facial Nerve innervates is of the 2nd Branchial Arch Origin!

  • MOTOR to Muscles of Facial Expression
  • SENSORY to taste buds on the ANTERIOR 2/3 of the Tongue
11
Q

Which muscles are going to be innervated by the facial nerve and what is the function of these muscles?

A
12
Q

What are the two main arteries that will supply the scalp and what are some branches off of those arteries?

A
  1. External Carotid Artery
    - Occipital Artery: Supplies the Occipital Region
    - Posterior Auricular Artery: Supplies the Region behind the ear
    - Superficial Temporal Artery: Supplies the Temporal Region
  2. Internal Carotid Artery
    - Supraorbital Artery: Supplies Lateral Forehead and Scalp
    - Supratrochlear Artery: Supplies Medial Forehead and Scalp
13
Q

The Parotid Duct will Pierce which muscle?

A

Buccinator Muscle

14
Q

Describe Bell’s Palsey.

A
  1. The etiology of Bell’s palsy may be idiopathic, surgical, traumatic or due to a tumor of the parotid gland. Paralysis of the FACIAL NERVE!
  2. Signs and symptoms
    a. ectropion: drooping of the lower lid
    b. piphora: spilling of tears from the eye
    c. drying of cornea from the inability to BLINK and that could cause the patient to go BLIND
    d. inability to wink
    e. unequal smile
    f. drooling from corner of mouth
    g. hyperacusis
15
Q

What are the main branches of the Facial Artery?

A
  1. Inferior Labial Artery
  2. Superior Labial Artery
  3. Lateral Nasal Artery
  4. Angular Artery