Flashcards in Supreme Court Cases and Amendments Deck (41):
Gave the supreme court the power to decide if a law is or is not constitutional (Marbury v Madison).
The court is very active in reviewing past decisions and inserting itself to change decisions. For example, Brown v. Board of Education
Bill of Rights
The first 10 constitutional amendments that guaranteed certain rights to American citizens in all circumstances.
It was supported by the anti-federalists to ensure protection against individual rights.
Freedom of speech including religion, press, and assembly (Zenger Case)
Right to bear arms
Prohibits quartering of troops
Right to jury trial for civil cases
Prohibits cruel/unusual punishment
Sets procedure by which the president and vice president are elected.
It established the electoral college.
Abolition of slavery
Citizenship to former slaves. Equaled the protection clause
Universal suffrage to all men
Direct election of US senators.
It was imparted under Teddy Roosevelt and allowed the people to pick their senators, rather than the house of representatives.
Tried to decrease crime, but rather increased crime due to illegal consumption or manufacturing of alcohol.
It is the president that is about to go out of office. It also changed the dates to January, instead of the previous March.
Repealed the 18th amendment (prohibition)
(FDR served for 4 terms before he died)
Voting age at 18
Established the supreme court as a powerful branch with the right to declare "unconstitutional". Allowed the power to the government stronger.
Marbury v Madison (1803)
Established judicial review.
It gave the supreme court the most power.
McCulloch v Maryland (1819).
Confirmed constitutionality of the Bank of the United States
Dartmouth College v Woodward (1819)
power to regulate contracts
Gibbons v Ogden (1824)
Power to regulate interstate commerce
Worcester v Georgia (1833)
It established tribal anatomy within their own boundaries.
The Cherokees, mainly in Georgia, owned land where foreigners found gold and attempted to push all the natives out. Supreme courted ruled it as illegal.
Scott v Sandford (1857)
"Dred Scott Decision;" Slaves are not citizens, but was turned down by the 14th Amendment.
Dred scott was a slave who traveled to a free state with his owner, and they argued that since it was a free state, they could state.
Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
Established "separate by equal"
It was later overturned in 1954 with Brown v Board of Education
Korematsu v US (1941)
Legalized detention camps for Japanese- Americans during world war II.
Fred K was a Japanese America brisking the situation of the interment camps. He lost and the internment camps were legalized. FDR enacted the executive order of 9066 led to the internment camps.
Ex Parte Endo (1944)
Reversed the Korematsu v Unterest.
Warren Court (1953-1969)
Earl Warren and his court upheld civil rights found in the Bill of RIghts
Brown v Board of Educations (1954)
Declared "separate by equal" segregation in public school unconstitutional.
It reversed Plessy v Ferguson.
Gideon v Wainwright (1960s)
Right to legal counsel. No matter the money or crime, everyone is guaranteed a lawyer.
Miranda v Arizona (1960s)
Miranda Rights. It guaranteed everyone know their rights before being detained.
Griswold v Connecticut (1960s)
Gave married couples right to birth control and privacy
Roe v Wade (1973)
Right to abortion
Munn v Illinois (1877)
Upheld state granger laws that regulated railroads.
Granger laws was a populist form that united workers who tried to shape their agricultural goods and were charged higher rates than manufacturer shipping their manufactured goods do.
Northern Securities (1904)
Government has the right to fight monopolies.
It was under Teddy Roosevelt.
Schenck v US (1919)
1st Amendment can be restricted if speech presents "clear and present danger"
This came after the first red scare and the the United States was recoiling to isolationism again.