Surface and Sectional Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surface and Sectional Anatomy Deck (25)
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1

Imaging modalities used in simulation and tumor localization

ionizing
nonionizing

2

examples of ionizing radiation

xray, lymphangiograms, CT, nuc med

3

examples of non ionizing radiation

MRI (soft tissue), sonography

4

lymphangiogram

contrast through the bottom of feet, through lymph system

5

Bone scan

shows us physiological function
PET- short lived isotopes
*identifies positrons

6

ipsilateral

on the same side

7

contralateral

on opposite side

8

sagittal

left & right

9

median sagittal

middle

10

parasagittal

divided unequally, left and right

11

coronal (frontal)

front and back

12

transverse (horizantal)

top and bottom

13

hypersthenic

heavy
5%

14

sthenic

athletic
48%

15

hyposthenic

slender
35%

16

asthenic

skinny
10-12%

17

Two main body cavities

posterior
anterior

18

posterior body cavity includes

spinal/ vertebral

19

anterior body cavity includes

abdominal/ thoracic
separated by diaphragm

20

nine regions of the abdomen

1. right hypochondriac
2. epigastric
3. left hypochondriac
4. right lumbar
5. umbilical
6. left lumbar
7. right iliac
8. hypogastric region
9. left iliac

21

three main functions of the lymphatic system

1. drains tissue spaces of interstitial fluids that escapes from capillaries and loose connective tissue, filters, then returns it to the blood stream.
2. absorbs fats and transports them to the blood stream
3.plays a major role in the body's immune system

22

how much of the body's lymph nodes are in the neck?

1/3

23

lymph nodes are mostly made of ___

water
with some plasma

24

what does afferent mean?
efferent?

to bring to
away from

25

lymphatic flow

tissue fluid leaves the cellular interstitial spaces and becomes lymph; as it enters a lymphatic capillary, it merges with other capillaries to form an afferent lymphatic vessel; which enters a lymph node where lymph is filtered. Then it leaves the node via an efferent lymphatic vessel which travels to there nodes, then merges with other vessels to form a lymphatic trunk, which merges with other trunks and joins a collecting duct either the right lymphatic or the thoracic, which empties into a subclavian vein where the lymph is returned to the blood stream.