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Flashcards in Surgical Instruments Deck (47)
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1

Name of forceps and where are they used 

Named 1 and 99 (same)

Maxillary anterior Teeth

2

Orientation of beaks to handle for maxillary forceps

45 Degree angle 

OR

Parallel to handle

3

Orientation of mand forceps

90 degrees to the handle

4

Name of forceps and where are they used

What other forceps have the same functions? (2)

150 (universal Maxillary)

1 and 99

*specifically used often for Premolars

5

Name of forceps and where are they used

LEFT: 150

RIGHT: 150A

 

**150A is premolar only (not for anterior teeth due to the parallel beaks)

6

Maxillary Molars 1st and 2nd INTACT

-Name of forceps (3) and types of teeth they adapt well to

- 53 R&L (designed for buccal furcations)

-210 (designed for conical roots)

-150 (also conical roots)

7

Name of forceps and where are they used

53 R/L

Used for Maxillary molars (intact) with Buccal furcation adaptation

8

Maxillary 1st and 2nd Molars (NOT intact)

(two types with 3 numbers)

-88 R and L

-89 (right) 90 L

9

Name of forceps and where are they used

 

These are A.K.A.

88 R&L

A.K.A. Upper cowhorn

***The two pronged side are palatal

10

Name of forceps and where are they used

 

-89/90

****Palatal beak is concave (instead of two prongs like 88 R&L)

11

Name of forceps and where are they used

210S

Utilized for Maxillary 3rd molars

****S means the beaks are shorter

12

Name of forceps and where are they used

286

Used for maxillary root TIPS

*more narrow and conical to reach into socket

13

ALL forceps used to remove Mx root tiips (2)

286 

 

150 (universal)

14

Maxillary PRIMARY teeth forceps

150 S

S is for smaller

150 is universal and 150S is Primary tooth UNIVERSAL

15

Name of forceps and where are they used

151

Universal Mandibular

16

Name forceps and where they are used

74 Ashe

Used for Mand anteriors and premolars

17

Name forceps used for Mandubular anterior and premolar teeth (3)

151 (universal)

151 A (Premolar)

74 Ashe (Anterior and premolar only)

****ALL mandibular

18

Name forceps and where they are used

17

Used for intact Mand Molars

(designed for the 2 roots of Mand teeth, not conical ROOTS)

19

Forceps used for Mandibular Molars (3)

151 (universal)

17

222

20

Name forceps and where they are used

A.K.A.

Prong destination

Proper technique

23

Used for not intact Mand MOLARS

A.K.A.: Lower cowhorn

Prongs Destination: Enter and under furcations (B&L)

Technique: 1. Squeeze (uses B&L cortical plates as fulcrums)

2. With slight B&L rocking

21

              Name forceps and where they are used

222

Used for ANY CONICAL Mandibular Molars 

22

Forceps used for Mand Root tips

151 (universal)

23

Forceps used for Mandibular Primary Teeth

151 S

(universal)

24

Three components of an Elevator.

what is its function?

1. Handle

2.Shank

3.Blade/tip

Function: is to displace the root

25

Three types of elevators

1. Straight

2. Triangle

3. Pick

26

Mechanism of action for 

1. Straight

2. Tri

3. Pick

1. Straight - Displacement

2. Triangle - Wheel and axle (Rotation)

3. Pick - Lever action (fulcrum is bone)

27

30 and 31

Type 

A.K.A (3) 

Where/when is it used?

Type: triangle

A.K.A. : CRYER, east-west, flag

Where/when: Mand molars after one root is removed (not for full root system) : Retrieval

28

#41

Type 

A.K.A (1) 

How is it used?

Type: Pick

A.K.A.: Crane Pick 

How it is used: Requires "purchase point" (as lever fulcrum)

*purchase point is a hole made to insert and retain elevator tip for a fulcrum

29

#73 and 74 

Type and Mechanism of action

A.K.A (1) 

Where/when is it used?

 

Type (straight) but LEVER ACTION (not displacement)

A.K.A.: Miller

Where/when: Impacted Maxillary 3rd molars

30

Potts

Type: Special*

Where/when?

Type: straight WITH T-shaped handle bar

 

Where/when: Impacted Maxillary 3rd molars

31

34-S and 46     ALSO 301

Type

Where and when

Type: Straight

Where and when: Seems to be universal *most commonly used

34-S and 46 are LARGE elevator

301 is small elevator

32

Apex elevator 

Type: 

When/where is it used?

Type: Pick

Where/when: any tooth with fractured root tips

33

What is a rongeur?

 

What are the two types and the difference(s)

A rongeur removes bone (scissor-like) [Wire cutter design]

Types

 -Side cutting: for large areas of bone

-End and Side cutting: pinch off minor areas of bone

34

Bone file

what is its number?

Function:

Technique: *

Bone File #12

Function: SMOOTHING of bone (not gross removal)

Technique: Pulling strokes only

-So it is not just burnishing

35

Name:

Type of insturment:

Describe each end:

What is the function of each end?

Molt #9

Type: Periosteal elevator

Ends: Sharp and Broad/flat

Sharp end: Loosens papilla

Broad end: Elevates tissue from bone

36

2 Common types of scissors 

 

 

 

 

Kelly: slight curve at points

Dean: curved handle ***PICTURED

37

Which is needle holder vs Hemostat?

 

What is a needle holder used for?

LEFT is Needle holder

RIGHT is hemostat

 

Needle holder used for: SUTURES

38

Differences between needle holder and hemostats?

1. NH: beaks shorter and stronger

2. NH: cross-hatched beaks

3. Hemo: Parallel grooves 

39

Surgical blades:

Names

TOP: #15 (most common)

Bottom: #11

40

What is the handle used for surgical blades?

PBR

Bard Parker 3!

41

Four types of tissue forceps

Adson

Stillies

*Cotton-retrieval only

*Russian- actually its a final removal forcep for teeth and roots

Pnuemonic (Russians Still Add Cotton)

42

two functions of mouth prop

keeps mouth open

prevents stress on TMJ for mand teeth extraction

43

TISSUE RETRACTORS!

Why do we use them?

What are the two types

prevent injury to operators fingers (and visualzation)

 

Austin (90 degrees)

Minnesota (in our clinic and pictured)

44

What suction tip has a smaller orifice?

Surgical suction tips

45

Why would one want a surgical handpiece instead of restorative?

The restorative exhaust (air) is high pressure and in the operative field.

-can cause tissue emphysema/infection

46

What burs for sectioning teeth and bone removal for surgical procedures?

3 types

4 total burs

Straight fissure: 557

Tapered fissure: 702, 703

Round: #8 round bur

47