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1

Ojas: The Essence of Dhātus

Ojastu tejomaya dhātunāṃ śukrāntānāṃ para smṛtan,

Hridayasthamāpi vyāpi dehāsthitinibandhanam

Ojas is the lustrous essence o fall dhātus all the way to śukra. Lives in the heart, and spreads all over the body.

2

Etiology of Ojo Kśya

Ojaḥ kṣiyeta kopa kṣud dhyāna śoka śramādibhiḥ.

Ojas is depleted by anger, irritation, hunger, worry, grief, and exertion.

3

Symptomatology of Ojo Kśay

Bibheti durbalo'bhīkṣnaṃ dhyāyati vyathitendriyaḥ,

Duśchāyo durmanā rūkṣaḥ kṣāmaś caivaujasaḥ kṣaye

Diminished ojas gives person fear, weakness, worry, disorders of sense organs, loss of luster, rough guṇa, loss of mental ability, emaciated.

4

Functions of Tejas

Tejaso budddhir medha hāmkātaśca varṇaprabhā prakāśayati

Tejo dhātuḥ sarva dhātūnāṃ dhāranaṃ poṣanaṃ eva ca

Tejas maintains intellect, cellular intelligence, self-esteem, gives color to complexion, present in all dhātus.

5

Description of Prāṇa

Prāṇo bhagavān hi māteśvaraś ca kartā jivitaṃ sarva ceṣṭitānām,

Indriya śvāsa spandanānāṃ teṣāṃ vyāpārā eva prāṇenotpadyante

Prāṇa the lord, mother, God, rulers, creator of life and all activites. Function of senses, respiration, pulsation.

6

Functions of Prāṇa

Prāṇo'Tra mūrdhagḥ

Uraḥ kaṇtha caro buddhi hṛdayendriya citta Dhṛk

Ṣṭivana kṣavathūdgārā niśvasānna praveśa Kṛt

Prāṇa is present in the head and moves down to the throat and heart. Responsible for holding heart, mind and sensory functions together. Governs sneezing, spitting, burping, inhalation, swallowing.

7

Guidelines to Obtain Happiness

Āhārācāra ceṣṭāsu sukhārta pretya ceha ca

Paraṃ prayatnam ātiṣṭhed buddhimān hita sevane

The wise, who desire happiness here in this world and in the next world, should make the greatest efforts in practicing wholesomeness in diet, conduct, and action.

8

The Purpose of Long Life & Āyurveda

Āyuḥ kāmayamānena dharmārtha sukha sādhanam

Āyurvedopadeśeṣu vidheyaḥ paramādaraḥ

Long/healthy life is needed to achieve dharma, artha, sukha, pay attention to Āyurvedic teachings.

9

The Three Universal Guṇas

Sattvaṃ rajas tama iti guṇāḥ prakṛti saṃbhavāḥ

Nibadhnanti mahābāho dehe dehinam avyayam

The qualities are born of material nature: sattva, rajas, and tamas, bind Ātman in the body, O'Arjuna

10

Sattvo Guṇa

Tatra sattvaṃ nirmalatvāt prakāśakaṃ anāmayam

Sukha saṅgena badhnāti jñāna saṅgena cānagha

Of these, sattva being illuminating and free from impurity and disease, binds through attachment to virtue and knowledge, Arjuna

11

Rajo Guṇa

Rajo rāgātmakaṃ viddhi ṭṛṣṇā saṅga samudbhavam

Tan nibahnāti kaunteya karma saṅgena dehinam

O'Arjuna,

know that rajas is characterized by passion, arising from desire and attachment. It binds the embodied one (Ātman) by attachment to action.

12

Tamo Guṇa

Tamas tvajñanajaṃ viddhi mohanaṃ sarvadehinām

Pramādālasya nidrābhis tanni badhnāti bhārata

Know, O' Arjuna, that tamas is born if ignorance, confusing all embodied beings. Through distraction, sleep, and laziness, it binds.

13

The Seer Beyond Guṇa

Guṇānetān atīya trīn dehī deha samudbhavān

Janma mṛtyu jarā duḥkhair vimukto' mṛtam aśnute

The embodied one (Ātman), transcending these three guṇas, which originate in the body, freed from birth, death, old age, and pain, attains immortality.

14

General Causes of Increased and Decreased in Doṣas, Tissues, and Wastes

Vṛddhiḥ samānaiḥ sarveṣāṃ vipari tair viparyayaḥ

Increased of all of them is caused by the use of similar substances and the opposite decreases them by the use of dissimilar substances.

15

Normal Functions of Malas

Avaṣṭaṃbhaḥ purīṣasya mūtrasya kledavāhanam

Svedasya kleda vidhṛitiḥ

To give strength to the body is the function of feces. Elimination of kleda (water) is of urine and retention of moisture in the function of sweat.

16

The Conditions of Dhātus, Agni, and Jāṭharāgni

Svasthāna sthasya kāyāgnair amśā dhatūṣu saṃśritāḥ

Teṣāṃ sādāti dīptibhyāṃ dhātu vṛddhi kṣayodbhavaḥ

Jātharāgni gives agni to all other dḥatus, the increase or decrease of agni gives rise to increase or decrease of the dhātus.

17

Doṣic Imbalances Create Cravings

Kurvaṃte hi rucchiṃ doṣaḥ viparīta samāmayoḥ

Vṛddhā kṣīṇāśca bhūthiśṭā lakṣayantyabudhātuna

Doṣas which have undergone increase or decrease generally produce desire for foods which are dissimilar and similar respectively; but the unintelligent person will not recognize them.

18

Definition Of Substance

Yatrāśritāḥ karma guṇaḥ kāraṇaṃ samvāyi yat

Tad dravaṃ samavāyī tu niśceṣṭaḥ kāraṇaṃ guṇaḥ

Substance has action (karma) and properties (guṇa) inherited, and guṇa is cause without action.

19

Classification of Guṇa and Karma

Sārthā gurvādayo buddhiḥ prayatnāntāḥ parādayah,

Guṇāḥ proktāḥ prayatnādi karma ceṣṭitam ucyate

The objects of the sense organs (Tanmatra), the 20 gunas, and their karmas. 

20

Movement of Doṣa from Koṣta to Śakhā

Vyāyāmād uṣmaṇaś taikṣṇyā tahitācaraṇādapi 


Koṣṭā chākhāsthi marmāṇi dru tatvān mārutasya ca 

 

Exercise, hot-sharp gunas, unsuitable lifestyle, rapid movement of vāta doṣa, doṣa will move from its home via GI tract in to rasa and rakta dhātu (bhāya mārga), asthi and marmani via (madhyam mārga).

21

To Bring the Doṣas Back to Koṣṭa

Doṣa yānti tathā tebhyaḥ sroto mukha viśodhanāt

Vṛddhya'bhiṣyandanāt pākāt koṣṭaṃ vāyośca nigrahāṭ

Doṣa is brought back to koṣṭa by cleansing the opening of srotamsi, by increasing the doṣa in quantity and, by liquifying and burning āma, and also by mitigation of vāta doṣa.

22

Causes of Prāṇa Vaha Srota Duṣṭi 

Kṣayāt saṃdhāraṇāt raukṣyāt vyāyāmāt kṣudhitasya ca,

prāṇavāhīni duṣyanti srotāṃsyanyaiś ca dāruṇaiḥ 

 

The cahnnels of prāṇa get disturbed by emaciation, suppresing urges, dryness, rigidity, and exercising while hungry. 

23

Causes of Anna Vaha Srota Duṣti 

Atimātrasya cākāle cāhitasya ca bhojanāt,

Annavāhīni duṣyanti vaiguṇyāt pāvakasya ca.

 

The channels of food get vitiated by eating excessive amounts of food, eating at the wrong time, eating unwholesome foods, and impaired digestion. 

24

Causes of Ambu Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Auṣṇyāt āmāt bhayāt pānāt atuśuṣkānna sevanāt,

Ambuvāhīni duṣyanti ṭṛṣṇāyāś cāti pīḍanāt.

 

The water channel gets vitiated by expusure to heat, āma, drinking alcohol, dry food, and suppressing thirst.

 

25

Causes of Rasa Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Guru śītam atisnigdham atimātraṃ samaśnatām, 

Rasavāhīni duṣyanti cintyānāṃ cāti cintanāt.

 

The lymph/plasma channels get vititated by eating large amounts of heavy, cold, oily foods and too much worrying.

26

Causes of Rakta Vaha Srota Duṣti 

Vidāhīnyanna pānāni snigdhoṣṇāni drāvani ca,

Raktavāhīni duṣyanti bhajatāṃ cātapānalau.

 

The Channels of the blood are disturbed by food and drinks athat are burning/irritating, oily, hot, and liquid and from expusure to heat-fire-sun.

27

Casuses of Māṃsa Vaha Sroto Duṣti

Abhiṣyandīni bhojyāni sthūlāni ca gurūṇi ca,

māṃsavāhīni duṣyanti bhuktvā ca svapatāṃ divā.

 

The muscles channels get disturbed by eating hydrophillic, gross, and heavy foods, and sleeping after eating, and day slepping.

28

Causes of Medo Vaho Sroto Duṣti 

Avyāyāmāhivā svapnān dedyānāṃ cāti bhakṣāṇāt,

Medovāhīni duṣyanti vāruṇyaś cāti sevanāt.

 

The Fat channels get disturbed by inability to change and lack of exercise, sleeping in the day time, eating very fatty foods, and excess wine drinking.

29

Causes of Asthi Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Vyāyāmāt atisaṃkṣobhāt asthnām ativighaṭṭanāt,

Asthivāhīni duṣyanti vātalānāṃ ca sevanāt.

 

The Bone channels get disturbed by agitating exercise, friction of bones, and from constant use of vāta aggravating factors. 

30

Causes of Majjā Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Utpeṣāt atyabhiṣyandāt abhigātāt prapīḍanāt,

majjavāhīni duṣyanti viruddhānāṃ ca sevanāt.

The bone marrow channel gets disturbed by crushing, excess liqufication, injury, comapression, and intake of incompatible foods. 

31

Causes of Śukra Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Akāla yoni gamanāt nighrahāt atimaithunāt,

Śukravāhīni duṣyanti śastra kṣarāgnibhis tathā.

 

The male reproductive channels gets disturbed by sex at the wrong time, suppresion of sex energy, excessive sex, surgery, application of alkalies, or heat and cauterization.

32

Causes of Arthava Vaho Sroto Duṣti 

Vyāyāmāt kṣayāc caiva maithunād atisaṃkṣobhāt, 

Ārthavavāhīni duṣyanti bhayakrodhamano'bhighātaiḥ

 

The female reproductive channels get disturbed by too much excersice, decayin degenerative changes, excessive sexual intercourse, and upsetting situations, fear, anger, and psychological or physical trauma. 

33

Causes of Sveda Vaha Sroto Duṣti

Vyāyāmāt atisantāpāt śitoṣnākrama sevanāt,

Svedavāhīni duṣyanti krodha śoka bhayais tathā.

 

The Sweat channels get disturbed by too much exercise, exposure to heat, indulgence in ho and cold things without following the prescribed order, by anger, grief, and fear.

34

Causes of Mūtra Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Mūtritodaka bhakṣya strī sevanān mūtra nigrahāt,

Mūtravahīni duṣyanti kṣīṇasyābhikṣa tasya ca.

 

The urine channels get disturbed by eating - drinking while having the urge to urinate, also sex while having the urge to urinate, and by genrerally suppressing the urge to urinate specially by those who are wasting.

35

Causes of Purīṣa Vaha Sroto Duṣti 

Saṃdhāraṇāt atyaśanāt ajīrṇadhyaśanāt tathā,

Varcivāhīni duṣyanti durbalāgneḥ kṛśasya ca.

 

The feces channels get disturbed by suppresing the urge to defecate, eating while there's still undugested food in the stomach, spacially by those with weak agniand are emaciated.

36

Characteristics of Apara Ojas I

Prathamaṃ jāyate hyojaḥ śarire'smiñ charīriṇam,

Sarpir varṇaṃ madhu rasaṃ lāja ganghi prajāyate.

 

The form in which ojas is first produced in the human body is the color of clarified butter, tastes like honey, and smells like roasted rice. 

 

 

37

Characteristics of Apara Ojas II

Ojaḥ somātmakaṃ snigdhaṃ śuklaṃ śītaṃ sthiraṃ saram,

Viviktaṃ mṛdu mṛtsnaṃ ca prāṇāyatanaṃ uttamam.

 

Ojas is the pure essence of kapha. It's olily, cold, stable, spreading, clear, soft, slimmy, and is the great promoter of prāṇa. 

38

Ojas as the Link Between Body and Mind

Niṣpadyante yato bhāvā vividhā dehasaṃsrayāḥ, 

Ojas teṣāṃ kāraṇaṃ sarvāḥ bhāvā ojo bhavāḥ.

 

Ojas is the origing from which all types of substances in the body and mind are created.

39

Description of Para Ojas 

Hṛdi tiṣṭhati yac chunddhaṃ īṣat sa pītakam,

Ojaḥ śarīre saṅkhyātaṃ tannāśāt nṛe vinaśyati.

 

The pure slightly yellow, and red substance which resides in the heart is known as para ojas, if this ojas is destroyed the human will die. 

40

Vāta Pacifying Herbs

Bhadradārū nataṃ kuṣtaṃ daśamūlaṃ balādvyayām 

Vāyuṃ vīratarādi śca vidaryādiśca nāśayet 

The herbs that pacify vāta doṣa are: Bhadradārū, kuṣta, daśamūla, balā, and vidāri. 

41

Pitta Pacifying Herbs 

Durvānantā nimba vāsātmaguptā gundrābhirū sītapāki priyaṅgu

Nyagrodhādiḥ padmakādiḥ sthīre dve padmaṃ vanyaṃ sārivādiśca pittam 

Herbs that pacify pitta: Śatavari, guduci, nim, musta, manjistha, anatamula, sandalwood, vāsa, ātmaguptā, priyangu, āmalaki, kāmadudha, moti bhasma, and mahasudarśan. 

42

Kapha Pacifying Help 

ĀragvadhādirArkādir Muṣkakādyo' sanādikaḥ 

Surasādiḥ mustādir Vatsakādir Balāsajit 

Herbs that pacify Kapha: Punarnava, citrak, kutki, pippali, ginger, black pepper, triphala guggulu, neem, shilajit, and bibhitaki 

43

Excess of the Following Behaviors are Improper 

Vyāyāma hāsya bhāṣyādhva grāmyadharma prajāgarān

Nocitānapi seveta buddhimānati mātrayā 

Wise person shoulkd avoid the following acts; Excessive exercise, loud laughter, and loud talking, carrying heavy load on the head, and staying up late. 

44

Definition Of Exercise 

Śarīra ceṣṭā yā ceṣṭā sthairyārthā balavardhinī 

Deha vyāyāma saṃkyātā mātrayā tāṃ samācaret 

Phyiscal movement which unfolds tone, power, and coordination in the bodily muscles and give rise to strength, power and stability is known as physicap exercise

45

Proper Measure and Seasons of Exercise 

Ardha śaktyā niṣevyastu balibhiḥ snigdhabhojibhiḥ 

Śitakāle vasante ca mandameva tato'nyadā

Taṃ kṛtvā' nusukha dehaṃ mardayecca samantataḥ 

Strong individuals who eat fatty foods in the cold seasons should perform exercise, while others should exercise in moderation. After exercise the whole body should be well massaged. 

46

Disorders Of Over-Exercise 

Tṛṣṇā kṣaya pratamako raktapittaṃ śramaḥ klamaḥ 

Ativyāyāmataḥ kāso jvaraḥchardiśca ca jāyate 

Over-exercising can cause thirst, emaciation, asthma, bleeding disorders, fatigue, debility of the body, cough, fever, and vomiting 

47

Benefits Of Oil Massage 

Abhyangam ācaret nityaṃ sa jarā śrama vātahā

Dṛśṭi prasāda puṣṭī āyuḥ svapnasutvakta dārḍhya kṛt

Oil masage daily; Benficial to elderly people, to calm vāta doṣa. It will bestow the vision, unfold nourishnment, long life, pleasant sleep, and makes skin healthy and strong. 

48

Benefits And Contraindications of Oleation 

Śiraḥ śravaṇa pādeṣū tam viśeṣena śilayet

Varjayo'bhyangaḥ kapha grasta kṛta samśuddhya jīrṇibhi 

Abhyanga should be done daily mainly on the head, ears, and feet. It should be strictly avoided in individuals suffering from kapha provocation and who have undergone purification like vamana, virechana, and those with indigestion. 

49

Benefits Of Ghee, Ghṛtam 

Śastaṃ dhī smṛti medhāgni balāyū śukra cakṣuṣām

Bāla vṛddha prajā kānti saukamārya svarārthanām 

Ghee is excellent for improving intelligence, memory, wisdom, digestive fire, and energy.

Long life, semen, and eyesight. Good for children, aging, procreation, luster, delicacy of the body, with sweet and melodious voice 

50

Healing Properties Of Castor Oil 

Satiktoṣanaṃa iraṇdaṃ tailaṃ svādu saraṃ gurū

Vardhma gulmānila kaphān udaram viṣama jvaram 

Rūkaśophau ca kaṭī guhya koṣṭa pṛṣṭhāśrayau jayet

Tikṣṇoṣṇaṃ picchilaṃ visraṃ raktairaṇḍod bhava tvati

 

Castor oil is bitter, pungent, and vipāka is sweet, has a laxative effect, strong odor, produces nausea and is difficult to digest.

HOT, SHARP, and STICKY penetrate the the vascular system, relieving hematomas and hemorroids because of the sharp guna.

BITTER AND PUNGENT; Help in reducing abdominal kapha type swelling like; GI Tract Tumors.

HOT, pacifies vāta doṣa, abdominal distention due to gas. Used in various pelvoc disorders such as; scrotal, uteral, rectal swelling, and hernia

51

Therapeutic Value Of Mustard Oil

Katūṣṇaṃ sārśapaṃ tīkṣṇaṃ kapha śukra anilāpaham 

Laghu pittāsrakṛṭ koṭha kuṣṭhārśo vraṇa jantujit 

Mustrad oil is pungent, and hot in potency. It is sharp and penetrating; reduces kapha, semen, and vāta doṣa. Mustard oil can kill germs, and parasites.

Light and easy to digest and can cause bleeding disorders, skin rash, eczema, hemorrhages, and ulcers. 

52

Benefits Of a Bath 

Dīpanaṃ vṛṣyaṃ āyuṣyaṃ jñana urjā bala pradam

Kanḍū mala śrama sveda tandrā tṛt dāha papmajita 

Bathing kindles agni, gives vigor, enhances lifespan, knowledge, energy, and strength. Relieves itching, removes impurities, fatigue, sweat, stupor, thirst, and burning sensations, and conquers sin

53

Dos and Don'ts of a Hot Shower 

Uṣnāṃ aṃbunām adhaḥ kāmsya parīṣeko balāvaḥ 

Tenaiva tat uttamaṃgasya bala hrt keśa cakṣuṣām 

Hot shower below the head, lower part of the body bestows energy. The same over the head depletes energy of heart, hair, and eyes. 

54

Gokśira-The Glory of Cow's Milk

Atraṃ gavyam tu jīvanīyaṃ rasāyanam 

kṣata kṣīṇa hita medyaṃ balyū stanyakaraṃ saraṃ 

Śrama Bhrama mada alakṣimī svasā kāsāti tṛt kṣudhaḥ 

Jīrṇa jvaraṃ mūtrakṛcchraṃ ca nāśayet 

 

Cow's milk promotes long life, its a rejuvenator, heals cavities, emaciation, good for intelligence, produces lactation, breast milk, is a laxative, cures fatigue, dizzines, laziness, lusterlessness, breathlessness, cough, thirst, and hunger. Heals chronic fever, dysuria (Painful urination ), and bleeding disorders

55

Avoidance Of Drinking Water

Nāmbu peyām aśaktyā vā swalpaṃ alpa agni gulmibhiḥ

Pāṇḍu udara atisāra arśo grahaṇī śoṣā śothidhiḥ 

Ṛte śarada nidāghābhyāṃ pibet swasthopi cālpaśaḥ 

Water intake should be reduces during general conditions like; fatigue, and low agni along with medical conditions such as abdominal tumors. Blood borne disorders such as hemmorrhagic conditions, hemorrhoids and anemia. Digestive disorders like tropical sprue syndrome and chronic diarrhea 

56

Importance Of Sleep 

Nidrāyattaṃ sukha duḥkhaṃ puṣṭhiḥ kārśyaṃ balābalam

Vṛṣatā klībatā jñāna ajñānaṃ jīvita na ca 

Happiness and unhappiness, nourishment and emaciation, energy and fatigue. Sexual rigor and impotence, knowledge and ignorane, even life span and death entirely depends upon sleep 

57

Qualities Of Sleep At Different Times 

Rātrau jāgaraṇaṃ rūkṣaṃ snigdhaṃ prasvapanaṃ divā

Arūkṣamanabhi ṣyandi tvāsina pracalāyitam 

Keepinf awake at night is drying to the whole body. On the other hand, slepping duirng the day time is oily/moisting internally. Taking a nap in a seated comfortable postition is neither drying or oily

58

Qualities of The Physician 

Śrute paryavadātatvaṃ bakhśo ḍṛśṭa karmatā

Dākṣyaṃ śaucamitī jñyeyaṃ vaiddhye guṇa catuṣṭayaṃ 

The 4 guṇas of an ideal Vidya:

1. Studied-Knowledgeable physician 

2. Good Listener 

3.Clear understanding 

4.Practical skills and cleanliness

59

Wise People Do Not Suppress Natural Urges 

Na vegān dhārayed dhimāñ jātān mūtra purīṣayoḥ

Na retaso na vātasya na chardyāḥ kṣavathor na ca 

Nodgārasya na jṛmbhāyā na vegān kṣut pipāsayoḥ 

Na bāṣpasya na nidrāyā niḥśvāsasya śrameṇa ca

The wise should not suppress the natural urges of unrination, defacation, ejaculation, passing gas, vomiting, sneezing, eructation, yawning, hunger, thirst, crying, sleep, breathing caused by exertion.  

60

The Rules Of Rigth Conduct 1

Avṛttir vyādhiḥ śokārttān anuvarteta śaktitaḥ 

Ātmavat satataṃ paśyed api kīta pipilikam 

To the best of one's capacity, one shouls always help those who are poor, diseased, afflicted with grief, or helpless. Evan insects and ants should be treated/viewed as one's own self.

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