Flashcards in Syllabification Deck (11):
2 Rules of Syllabification
1. Every syllable must begin with one consonant and have only one vowel.
2. There are only two types of syllables: open and closed.
All consonants except gutturals and ר can take a daghesh forte.
Daghesh lene vs. Daghesh forte
1. The daghesh in a begadkephat is a Forte if preceded by a vowel.
2. The daghesh in a begadkephat is a Lene if preceded by a consonant.
3. A begadkephat letter at the beginning of a word takes a daghesh Lene unless the previous word ends in a vowel.
Silent shewa vs. vocal shewa
The vocal shewa will always occur in an open syllable vs. The silent shewa which will always come at the end of a closed syllable.
1. Immediately after a short vowel (or an accented long vowel)
2. At the end of a closed syllable
3. The first of 2 side-by-side shewas
4. At the end of a word
1. Not immediately after a short vowel (or accented long vowel)
2. Initial shewa
3. The second of 2 side-by-side shewas
4. A shewa under any consonant with Daghesh Forte
5. A shewa after an unaccented long vowel
Qamets vs. Qamets Hatuf
1. Qamets occurs much more frequently than Qamets Hatuf
2. Qamets Hatuf occurs only in a closed and unaccented syllable
3. Qamets prefers an open, pretonic syllable or a closed, accented syllable.
4. The small symbol called the Methig (small vertical line) is placed beneath a consonant and to the left of a vowel. Methig occurs with Qamets, not Qamets Hatuf.
When a word ends in ע or ח a pathach may appear beneath this consonant and must be pronounced and transliterated before the guttural. Not considered to be a full vowel, and is not counted in syllabification.
When א occurs without a vowel, it is silent and not considered to be a consonant with reference to the rules of syllabification.
Diphthong יִ _
Syllable with this diphthong is closed syllable.