Table 4.2 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Table 4.2 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases Deck (53):
1

RbOH

 

Rubidium hydroxide

 

Strong Base

2

Phosphoric acid

H3PO4

 Weak Acid

3

In an acid-base reaction, __________________ is the key event that removes ions from a solution.

The formation of water

4

Ca(OH)2 

Calcium hydroxide

Strong Base

5

Donates electrons; substance that produces OH- ions when dissolved in water

Base

6

Name 3 weak acids.

Hydrofluoric Acid, HF

Phosphoric Acid, H3PO4

Acetic Acid, CH3COOH (or HC2H3O2)

Carbonic Acid: H2CO3

7

Accepts electrons; substance that produces H+ ions when dissolved in water

Acids

8

CH3COOH (or HC2H3O2)

 

Acetic acid

Weak Acid

9

In a precipitation reaction, the _______________ removes ions from a solution.

Formation of an insoluble salt

10

Hydrochloric Acid

HCL

Strong Acid

11

HCL

Strong Acid

Hydrochloric Acid

12

Ammonia

NH3

Weak Base

13

HI  

Strong Acid

Hydriodic acid

14

Weak acids and weak bases dissociate very _____ into ions. Most of their molecules remain intact. Thus they are _____ electrolytes, which means they conduct a ______ current.

Little. Weak. Small.

15

Sulfuric Acid

H2SO4

 Strong Acid

16

Barium hydroxide

Ba(OH)2

Strong Base

17

Hydrobromic acid

HBr  

Strong Acid

18

Sr(OH)2

Strontium hydroxide

Strong Base

19

Hydriodic acid

HI  

Strong Acid

20

Water with _______ ions conduct electricity.

Dissolved

21

In a ____________ reaction, two soluble ionic compounds react to form an insoluble product, a ___________.

Precipitation; precipitate

22

CsOH

 

Cesium hydroxide

 

Strong Base

23

NaOH

 

Sodium hydroxide

Strong Base

24

Sodium hydroxide

NaOH

Strong Base

25

Little. Weak. Small.

Weak acids and weak bases dissociate very _____ into ions. Most of their molecules remain intact. Thus they are _____ electrolytes, which means they conduct a ______ current.

26

_________ ions are free to move in an aqueous solution.

Solvated

27

Ba(OH)2

Strong Base

Barium hydroxide

28

Strong acids and strong bases dissociate _________ into ions. Therefore like soluble ionic compounds, they are ____ electrolytes and conduct a ______ current.

Completely. Strong. Large.

29

Acetic acid

CH3COOH (or HC2H3O2)

Weak Acid

30

Lithium hydroxide

LiOH

 Strong Base

31

Hydrofluoric acid

HF

 Weak Acid

32

NH3

 

Ammonia

Weak Base

33

Water that is ________ does not conduct electricity.

Deionized

34

Perchloric acid

HClO4

 Strong Acid

35

HF

 

Hydrofluoric acid

 

Weak Acid

36

The charge of a Fe atom?

0

37

Calcium hydroxide

Ca(OH)2 - Strong Base

38

Cesium hydroxide

CsOH

 Strong Base

39

LiOH

 

Lithium hydroxide

Strong Base

40

Potassium hydroxide

KOH

 Strong Base

41

H2SO4

 

Sulfuric Acid

Strong Acid

42

KOH

 Strong Base

Potassium hydroxide

43

Completely. Strong. Large.

Strong acids and strong bases dissociate _________ into ions. Therefore like soluble ionic compounds, they are ____ electrolytes and conduct a ______ current.

44

Acid-base reactions involve water as a reactant or product. This is also known as what type of reaction?

Neutralization Reaction

45

H3PO4

 

Phosphoric acid

 

Weak Acid

46

Strontium hydroxide

Sr(OH)2 - Strong Base

47

HCN

Is this a strong or weak acid.

Hydrocyanic Acid or Prussic Acid.

This is a weak acid.

48

Rubidium hydroxide

RbOH

Strong Base

49

HBr  

Strong Acid

Hydrobromic acid

50

HClO4

 

Perchloric acid

Strong Acid

51

Name 3 weak bases.

Ammonia, NH3

Ethylamine, C2H5NH2

Any amine like CH3-NH2 or CH3-CH2-NH2 is also a weak base.

 

52

Base

Donates electrons; substance that produces OH- ions when dissolved in water

53

Acids

Accepts electrons; substance that produces H+ ions when dissolved in water