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Flashcards in Taxonomy And Phylogeny Deck (14):
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Classification

The grouping of objects based on physical similarities, called taxonomy in biology, based in morphology, Linnaeus and Whittaker gave us this system

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8 areas if classification

Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

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3 domains

Archaea
Bacteria
Eukarya

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Domain archaea

Ancient prokaryotes that live in extreme environments

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Domain bacteria

Modern prokaryotes that live in our bodies

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Domain eukarya

All eukaryotic cells including plants, animals, fungi, and Protista

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2 "dead languages" that taxonomists use for naming each species

Ancient Greek
Latin

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Reasons why we use "dead language"

So language doesn't evolve
So names don't show preference to culture, region, or dialect

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Order of how to name a species

Geneus name (capitalized), species name(not capitalized); both words are italicized if typed or underlined if written

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_________ tree is based on a _________ analysis and called a ___________

Phylogenic ; cladistic ; cladogram

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Synapomorphies

Derived characteristics

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Clade

A group of organisms and their common ancestor

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Out group on a cladogram

Least related and furthest to the left

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Most derived on a cladogram

Most related organism and furthest to the right