Flashcards in Teleological Argument Deck (14):
Teleological argument is also known as?
Who came up with it?
In summa theologica the 5th way
What type of argument is it?
What is aquinas’ theory?
Natural bodies like the solar system and eco systems all fit well together to achieve their purpose (telos)
Everything has a purpose but it can’t direct itself
Needs a designer/ creator -god
What analogy did aquinas use?
And archer directs the arrow towards its target, it can’t reach the target on its own
God is like the archer directing everything towards its purpose
Who else argued for a designer of the universe?
What was paleys first point
Design qua regularity
Parts of the universe are organised in a way to achieve their function
The nitrogen cycle, parts of the eye
Paleys second point
Design qua purpose
Things in the universe have a specific purpose
Eye for sight
What analogy did paley use?
If you came across a pocket watch you’d see the parts are ordered and fit together for the purpose of telling the time
Must be designed, can’t be explained without the explanation of a watchmaker
Same as the universe with god
Who criticised the design argument?
What were hume’s criticisms?
We weren’t there- no empirical evidence, why god?
Analogies are weak- can’t use a mechanical watch to explain the natural universe
Epicurean hypothesis- given finite resources and infinite time you will get order from chaos. Monkeys and typewriters and Shakespeare
He was a pre runner for natural selection
What scientific objections are there?
Big Bang theory
Darwin’s theory of evolution through natural selection
What’s the anthropic principle?
The idea that conditions are just perfect on earth for human survival. Any tiny adjustment in the entirety of the solar system would mean we couldn’t exist. This indicates the work of an intelligent designer. Not necessarily god.