Terminology Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Technology > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (278):
0

Cardiocele

A herniation or protrusion of the heart

1

Cardiomyopathy

Disease of the myocardium (the middle layer of the heart)

2

Cardiologist

A physician who specializes in the study of cardiology (the heart)

3

Cardiomegaly

Enlargement of the heart

4

Cardiotomy

Incision in the heart wall

5

Carditis

Inflammation of the heart

6

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin

7

Cytology

The study of the cell

8

Dermatologist

The study of the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin

9

Dermatosis

Any cutaneous abnormality or eruption relating to the skin

10

Disease

Interruption, cessation or disorder of a body, system, or organ structure or function...illness or sickness

11

Duodenal

Of or relating to the duodenum (the first division of the small intestine)

12

Duodenitis

Inflammation of the duodenum

13

Electrocardiogram

A record if electrical waves given off by the heart

14

Etiological

The science and study of the causes of disease

15

Gastrectomy

Removal of part or all of the stomach

16

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach

17

Gastroduodenostomy

When a new opening is made to form a new connection between the stomach and duodenum

18

Gastroenterology

The study of the function and disorders of the stomach

19

Gastromegaly

Enlargement of the stomach

20

Gastroscopy

Inspection of the interior of the stomach through an endoscope

21

Leukemia

When too many leukocytes are present in the blood (cancer of the blood)

22

Leukocyte

White blood cell

23

Leukocytosis

An abnormally large number of leukocytes

24

Pathologist

One who studies the functional changes in the body produced by a disease

25

Pathology

The study of the functional changes in the body produced by a disease

26

Adenectomy

Removal of a gland

27

Adenitis

Inflammation of a gland

28

Adenoma

Tumor of a gland

29

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint

30

Arthrocele

Herniation of a joint

31

Arthroplasty

Surgery to realign or reconstruct a joint

32

Arthrotomy

Incision into a joint

33

Carcinoma

Cancerous tumor

34

Cephalic

Of or pertaining to the head

35

Chondritis

Inflammation of bone and cartilage

36

Dentalgia

Pain in the tooth

37

Colostomy

A surgical procedure to make a new opening into the colon

38

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

39

Encephalocele

Hernia in the brain

40

Encephaloma

Tumor in the brain

41

Encephalomyelitis

Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord

42

Endocarditis

Inflammation if the endocardium

43

Endosteoma

A tumor in the bone

44

Exogenous

Originating outside the organism

45

Histology

The study of tissues

46

Hyperemesis

Excessive vomiting

47

Hypertrophy

Enlargement of an organ

48

Hypodermic

Related to the layer just beneath the skin

49

Intercostal

Occurring between the ribs

50

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx

51

Lipoid

A fat like substance

52

Lipoma

A fatty tumor

53

Morphology

The study of the forms and structure of organisms

54

Oncology

The study of tumors

55

Osteitis

Inflammation of the bone

56

Osteomalacia

Softening of the bones

57

Thyroidectomy

Removal of all or part of the thyroid

58

Tracheobronchitis

Inflammation of the trachea and bronchi

59

Tracheomegaly

Enlargement of the trachea

60

Tracheotomy

Incision into the trachea

62

Abdominal

Of or pertaining to the abdomen

63

Abdominocentisis

Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity

64

Abduction

Movement away from the midline

65

Adduction

Movement toward the midline

66

Aneurysm

Blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel or weakening of the vessel's wall

67

Anomaly

Deviation or departure from the normal

68

Apnea

Temporary cessation of breathing

69

Arteriosclerosis

Hardening of the arteries

70

Arteriospasm

Spasm of one or more arteries

71

Bradycardia

Slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60

72

Bradypnea

Abnormal slowness of breathing

73

Cardiocentisis

Surgical puncture of the heart

74

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head

75

Cholecystectomy

Surgical removal of the gallbladder

76

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder's wall

77

Cholelithotomy

Incision into the gallbladder in order to remove gallstones

78

Cryptorchidism

Failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum

79

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

80

Cystocele

Herniation of the urinary bladder

81

Cystotomy

Incision into the urinary bladder

82

Dyspepsia

Painful, difficult, or disturbed digestion

83

Dyspnea

Painful or difficult breathing

84

Hematologist

A physician specializing in the study of blood

85

Hemolysis

Breaking down or dissolution of blood cells

86

Hernia

Protrusion of an organ through the structure or muscle that usually contains it

87

Hydrocephalus

Accumulation of watery fluid in the cranial cavity

88

Hydrophobia

Irrational fear of water

89

Hydrotherapy

The use of water to relieve discomfort and promote physical well-being.

90

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus

91

Hysteropexy

Surgical fixation of a displaced uterus

92

Hysterotomy

Incision into the uterus

93

Kinesiology

The study of the motion of the human body

94

Lithotomy

Incision of a duct or organ for removal of calculi

95

Myosclerosis

Hardening of muscle tissue

96

Myospasm

Spasmodic contraction of a muscle

97

Nephritis

Inflammation of the kidney

98

Nephrolith

Calculus formed in the kidney (renal calculus or kidney stones)

99

Nephromegaly

Enlargement of the kidney

100

Nephroptosis

Downward displacement of a kidney.

101

Neurofibroma

A tumor of fibrous connective tissue and nerve tissue

102

Neurolysis

The destruction of nerve tissue

103

Orchidectomy

Surgical removal of one or both testes

104

Otitis

Inflammation of the ear

105

Pyelitis

Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney

106

Pyeloplasty

Reconstructive surgery of the pelvis of the kidney

107

Pyogenic

Producing pus

108

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the mucous lining of the nose

109

Rhinoplasty

Reconstruction of the nose

110

Tachycardia

Abnormally rapid heart rate

111

Tachypnea

Very rapid breathing

112

Thoracic

Of or pertaining to the thorax

113

Thoracocentisis

Surgical puncture and drainage of the thoracic cavity

114

Thoracotomy

Incision into the chest wall

114

Ureterolithotomy

Incision of a ureter for removal of calculus

115

Ureterotomy

Incision into the ureter

117

Urethrotomy

Incision of the urethra

118

Colic

Severe abdominal pain caused by spasm

118

Enterocele

Herniation of the small intestine

119

Colitis

Inflammation of the colon

120

Enteroclysis

Irrigation of the small intestine

121

Enterotoxin

Poisoning of the small intestine

122

Esophagogastroscopy

Inspection of the esophagus and stomach via a scope

123

Gastrectasia

Dialation, stretching of the stomach

124

Gastrorrhagia

Hemorrhage of the stomach

125

Gingivectomy

Excision of gum tissue

126

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

127

Hepatomegaly

Enlargement of the liver

128

Hepatorrhagia

Hemorrhage of the liver

129

Pancreatectomy

Excision of part of the pancreas

130

Proctoscopy

Examination of the anus and rectum

131

Rectal

Of, or pertaining to the rectum

132

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the mouth

133

Stomatorrhagia

Hemorrhage of the mouth

135

Acute

Illnesses that appear quickly and can be serious or life-threatening

136

Analgesia

Without pain

137

Anemia

Deficiency of red blood cells

138

Anesthesiologist

One who specializes in administering an anesthetic to a patient before being treated

138

Anorexia

Eating disorder usually characterized by refusal to maintain a normal minimal body weight

139

Antipyretic

A medication that reduces fever

140

Asymptomatic

Neither causing nor exhibiting symptoms of disease

141

Cardiorrhexis

Rupture of the heart

142

Chondrodysplasia

An inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism

143

Atrophy

Wasting away, deterioration

144

Chronic

Of long duration; continuing

145

Cystorrhexis

Rupture of the bladder

146

Hypothermia

Abnormally low body temperature

147

Hysterorrhexis

Rupture of the uterus

148

Lithotripsy

Crushing of kidney stones by means of a lithotripter (ultrasound machine)

149

Cyanoderma

Blue skin

150

Localized

Restricted to a particular place

151

Macrocephalus

An individual with an abnormally large head

152

Malaise

A general state of ill-being or the feeling of poor health

153

Melanocarcinoma

A malignant melanoma derived from epithelial tissue

154

Micrometer

Instrument used for measuring extremely small distances

155

Morbidity

The quantity or state of being diseased

156

Mortality

The number of deaths in a given period

157

Nausea

Sensation of discomfort, or queasiness, in the stomach

158

Neuromyelitis

Inflammation of the spinal cord and nerve

159

Neurotripsy

The surgical crushing of a nerve

160

Palliative

Relieving or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder without effecting a cure

161

Diagnosis

The determination of the nature of a case of a disease

162

Defibrillation

Procedure using electrical spark is utilized to shock the heart and bring about a slower and regular heartbeat

163

Dysplasia

Abnormality of development

164

Edema

Edema is a condition of abnormally large fluid volume

165

Embolus

Foreign or abnormal particle circulating in the blood (air bubble, blood clot, cholesterol)

166

Generalized

Involving the whole of an organ

167

Embolism

Sudden obstruction of a blood vessel by an embolus

168

Hematemesis

The vomiting of blood

169

Hyperesthesia

Increased sensitivity to stimulation

170

Hyperpnea

Abnormal increase in breathing

171

Hyperpyrexia

Abnormally high fever

172

Hypoesthesia

Decreased sensitivity to stimulation

173

Hypoplasia

Incomplete development or underdevelopment of an organ or tissue

174

Paroxysmal

Having the characteristic of a paroxysm

175

Peripheral

Pertaining to the outside, surface, or surrounding area of an organ

176

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein

177

Polyarthritis

Inflammation of several joints

178

Polyuria

Excessive amounts of urine

179

Prodromal

Signs of the onset of disease

180

Prognosis

Forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disorder

181

Prophylactic

A prophylactic agent, such as a vaccine or drug.

182

Symptom

Evidence of disease or of a patient's condition

183

Symptomatic

Pertaining to or of the nature of a symptom

184

Syndrome

A set of symptoms occurring together

185

Systematic

In an organized matter

186

Tinnitus

Hearing ringing, buzzing, or other sounds without an external cause

187

Thrombus

Blood clot

188

Benign

Not recurrent; favorable for recovery.

189

Thrombosis

Blood clot (thrombus) occluding a vessel

190

Biopsy

Removal and examination, usually microscopic, of tissue from the living body

191

Ectopic

Located away from normal position.

192

Endocystoscopy

Examination of the inside of the bladder

193

Epigastric

Above the stomach

194

Lumbar

Lower back...situated between the lowest ribs and the pelvis

195

Endogenous

Originating within an organism, tissue or cell

196

Tumor

Swelling, one of the cardinal signs of inflammation; morbid enlargement

197

Thrombocyte

Cell that aids in clotting

198

Macrocyte

Abnormally large cell

199

Polydactylism

Many toes/Many digits

200

Cyst

Sac or pouch containing fluid

201

Distal

Part located farthest from the trunk

202

Dorsal

On or near the back

203

Infiltration

Slipping into and between normal cells of the body

204

Lateral

Farther from the midline

205

Lesion

Area of unhealthy tissue

206

Malignant

Resists treatment and tends to be life threatening

207

Medial

Closer to the midline

208

Proximal

Nearest to the point of attachment to the trunk

209

Metastasis

Movement of cells from one part of the body to another

210

Neoplasm

New, abnormal tissue mass

211

Papilla

Small, nipple like structures

212

Papilloma

Hypertrophied papilla covered by a layer of skin

213

Papule

A pimple or red elevated spot on the skin

214

Polyp

Tumor with a little foot or stem

215

Cardiac Arrest

Stopped heart

216

Defibrillation

Heart shocked to a regular heartbeat

217

Embolus

Foreign particle in the bloodstream

218

Embolism

Obstruction of a blood vessel due to an embolus

219

Esthesia

Feeling, sensation

220

Fibrillation

Very fast, irregular heartbeat

222

Amniocentesis

Puncturing of the amniotic sac to withdraw fluid

223

Amnion

Thin transparent sac containing the fetus and the fluid surrounding the fetus

224

Amniotic Fluid

Fluid that protects the fetus from injury and helps regulate temperature

225

Embryo

Second stage of gestation 3-8 weeks

226

Endometrium

Inside lining of the uterus

226

Labor

Parturition...the process by which a baby is born and the placenta expelled from the uterus

227

Gestation

An ovum develops into a child during a period from conception to birth

228

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast

229

Mastectomy

Excision of the breast

230

Mastitis

Inflammation of the mammary gland

231

Myometritis

Inflammation of muscle layer of the uterus

232

Neonatal

Pertaining to a recently born child

233

Parturition

Another term for labor

234

Perineum

The region of the external female genitals between the vaginal lip and the anus

235

Peritoneum

Lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities

236

Fetus

The beginning of the 9th week of pregnancy

237

Peritonitis

Inflammation of the peritoneum (lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities)

238

Placenta

A vascular structure in which the fetus absorbs oxygen and nutrients and excretes carbon dioxide and waste.

239

Postpartum

After labor is completed

240

Blepharedema

Excess fluid in the tissues of the eyelid

241

Blepharoptosis

Prolapse (drooping) of the eyelid

242

Corectasia

Dilation of the pupil

243

Corectopia

A misplaced pupil

244

Coreoplasty

Surgical procedure for correcting a deformed pupil

245

Corneal

Of, or pertaining to the cornea (transparent tissue covering the eye)

246

Diaphragm

Dome-shaped muscle that provides most of the force necessary for inspiration and expiration of air

247

Hemoptysis

Spitting blood

248

Iridectomy

Excision of part of the iris

249

Iridocele

Hernia of the iris

250

Iritis

Inflammation of the iris

251

Keratome

Instrument for cutting the cornea

252

Keratoplasty

Surgical repair of the cornea

253

Laryngeal

Of or pertaining to the larynx (voice box)

254

Keratotomy

Incision into the cornea

255

Laryngospasm

Spasm of the voice box

256

Nasolacriminal Duct

Structure that empties tears into the nasal cavity

257

Nasopharyngitis

Inflammation of the nose and the pharynx (aka common cold)

258

Keratoscleritis

Inflammation of the cornea and the sclera (white of the eye)

259

Opthalmalgia

Pain in the eye

260

Opthalmoscope

A lighted instrument used to look into the eye

261

Opthalmologist

One who studies the eye

262

Pharyngitis

Inflammation of the pharynx

263

Pharyngotomy

An incision into the pharynx

264

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleura (a membrane that envelopes the lungs)

265

Pleurocentesis

Surgical puncture of the pleural cavity

266

Pneumothorax

Collection of air in the chest cavity

267

Pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs caused by a virus

268

Retinitis

Inflammation of the retina

269

Retinopathy

Disease of the retina

270

Retinoscopy

Examination of the retina through a scope

271

Sclerectomy

Excision of part of the sclera (the white of the eye)

272

Sclerotome

An instrument used to cut into the sclera (the white of the eye)

273

Rhinorrhagia

Severe bleeding from the nose

274

Thorax

Chest cavity

275

Thoracocentesis

Puncture into the chest cavity to remove fluid

276

Epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose

277

Tracheostomy

To form a new opening into the trachea