Flashcards in Terminology Deck (25)
Study of blood
Physician who studies blood
Rapid flow of blood
Hereditary blood disease in which the blood clotting time is prolonged. You could bleed to death.
A reduction in the number of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood.
Production of too many red blood cells by the bone marrow. Blood becomes too thick.
Sickle cell anemia
A genetic disorder in which the erythrocytes take on an abnormal curved or "sickle" shape.
Cancer of the white blood cell
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Blood test to determine the rate at which mature red blood cells settle out of the blood
Hematocrit (HCT, Hct, crit)
Blood test to measure the volume of the red blood cells within the total volume of blood.
A measure of the bloods coagulation abilities
Incision into a vein in order to remove blood
Autologous transfusion (auto-self)
Procedure for collecting and storing a patients (OWN BLOOD) it can then be used to replace blood lost during a surgical procedure.
Homologous transfusion (homo-same)
Replacement of blood by transfusion of blood received (FROM ANOTHER PERSON)
1. Lymphatic vessels
2. Lymph nodes
4. Thymus gland
Lymph nodes or glands
House lymphocytes and anti-bodies that work to remove pathogens and cell debris
Lymph nodes or Lymph glands
Also serve to trap and destroy cells from cancerous tumors
Sites for Lymph Nodes
axillary - armpits
Cervical - neck
inguinal - groin
Passive acquired immunity
Results when a person receives protective substances produced by another human or animal
E.g. Mother passing anti-bodies to baby through milk
E.g. Receiving anti-venom after snake bite
Active acquired immunity
Such as immunizations or vaccines
Cellular immunity involves the production of T cells and NATURAL KILLER (NK) cells. The defense cells are CYTOTOXIC, meaning that they physically attack and destroy pathogenic cells.
Natural Killer Cells (NK)
Condition where anti-bodies in Mothers blood enter the fetus' blood & cause anemia, jaundice, edema & enlargement of the spleen & liver.
Severe itching associated with hives