Terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology/Abbreviations > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (49):
1

Abrasion

Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

2

Ambulate

To walk from place to place

3

Benign

Normal, of no danger to health

4

Bradycardia

Slow heart-rate (HR < 60BPM)

5

Cardiomegaly

Enlarged heart

6

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the cholecyst (gallbladder)

7

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, lung Dz commonly seen in smokers

8

Coronary artery

The artery that supplies the heart tissue with blood

9

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

a.k.a. "Stroke." Lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage

10

Diaphoresis

Sweating

11

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity

12

Dyspnea

Problems with breathing

13

Dysuria

Painful urination

14

Ecchymosis

A bruise

15

Edema

Swelling

16

Emesis

Vomiting

17

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

18

Erythema/Erythematous

Redness/Red

19

Febrile

Elevated body temperature, fever, indicative of infection

20

Grossly

Obviously; a lot; wholly

21

Hematemesis

Very large amounts of blood in the vomit

22

Hematuria

Very large amounts of blood in the urine

23

Hemoptysis

Coughing up very large amounts of blood

24

Hemorrhage

Excessive of profuse bleeding

25

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged liver

26

Hypertension

High blood pressure (BP > 140/90)

27

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

28

Hypoxia

Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood

29

Infarct

Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

30

Ischemia

Lack of blood supply

31

Laceration

Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)

32

Melena

Black tarry stool

33

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Death of cardiac muscle due to ischemia

34

Myalgia

Muscular pain, "muscle aches"

35

Pallor

Pale skin

36

Pruritic

Itchy

37

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot

38

Purulent

Pus-like

39

Rales

Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs

40

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"

41

Rhonchi

Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs

42

Sepsis

Dangerous infection of the blood

43

STEMI

ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia

44

Syncope

"Passing out," loss of consciousness or fainting

45

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate (HR > 100BPM)

46

Tachypnea

Increased breathing rate

47

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Minor stroke; where neurological function is regained quickly with time

48

Vertigo

Condition of dizziness, "room spinning"

49

Wheezing

High pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease