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Flashcards in Terminology + Grammar Deck (269):
1

Affix

A grammatical element that is combines with a word, stem, or phrase to produce derived and inflicted forms

2

Derivation

The process or device of adding affixes to or changing the shape but of a base, thereby assigning the result. As in service from serve, song to sing, and hardness to hard

3

Derivative or Derived Word

A word formed from another word, by a derivation, atomic from atom, or electricity from electric. Also: a word formed from another word by a prefix or suffix, an internal modification, or some other change; word which takes its origin from the root.

4

Infix

An inflectional or derivational element appearing in the body of a word. English had none

5

Inflection or inflectional

An alteration of the form of a word by the addition of an affix, as in English: dogs from dog, or by changing the form of a base as in English spoke from speak, that indicates grammatical features such as number, Persian , mood, or tense

6

Inflect or Inflected

To alter (a word) by inflection

7

Prefix

An affix, such as dis- in disbelief, attached to the from of a work to produce a derivative or an inflected form. Basically a prefix occurs at the beginning of a word or stem, such as in the words Sub/mit, pre/determined, and in/willing

8

Root word

The foundation and basic definition of the word

9

Suffix

An affix added to the end of a word or stem, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending, such as -ness in gentleness, -ing in walking, or -s in sits

10

A-, an-

Not or without

11

Ab-

Away from

12

Abdomin(o)

Around the belly

13

-ac

Pertaining to

14

Aden(I)(o)

In reference to a gland

15

Adren(o)

Pertaining to the adrenal glands

16

Adip(o)

Fat

17

Alba-

White

18

-algia

Pain

19

Ambi-

Both sides

20

An-

Not or without

21

Angi(o)

Blood vessel

22

Anis(o)

Unequal

23

Ancyl(o), ankyl(o)

Bending or crooked

24

Anti-

Against each other

25

Arteri(o)

Of an artery

26

Arthr(o)

Of a joint

27

-asthenia

Weakness

28

Auricul(o)

Referring to the ear

29

Aur(o)

Referring to the ear

30

Auscult(o)

To listen

31

Aut(o)

Self

32

Axill(o)

Under the arm

33

Bio-

Life

34

Blasting(o)

Immature cell, budding

35

Brachi(o)

Limb

36

Brachy-

Short

37

Bronch(i), bronchi(o)

Lungs

38

Bucc(o)

Cheek

39

Carcin(a)(o)

Referring to the heart

40

Cata-

Down

41

-centisis

Surgical puncture of

42

Cephal(o)

Head

43

Chem(o)

Chemically induced

44

Chondr(o)

Cartilage

45

Chrom-

Color

46

-cide

Kill or destroy

47

Circum

Surrounding another

48

Col-, colo-, colono-

Colon

49

Copr(o)

Feces

50

Crani

Head

51

Crypt(o)

Hidden

52

Cutane(o)

Skin

53

Cyan(o)

A blue color

54

Cyst(i)(o)

Relating to urinary bladder

55

-cyte

Cell

56

Dactyl

Fingers/toes

57

Dent(i)

Tooth

58

Derm(o), dermat(o)

Skins

59

Dips(o)

Thirst

60

Dors(I)(o)

The back

61

Dys-

Bad or difficulty

62

Ect(o)

Out or outside

63

-ectomy

Removal or excision

64

-edema

Removal and excision

65

-emesis

Vomit

66

-emis

Condition of the blood

67

Encephal(o)-

Brain

68

Endo-

Within

69

Enter(o)

Relating to intestine

70

Epi-

Above, upon

71

Epitheli(o)

Skin

72

Erythr(o)

Red

73

Ex-

Out or away from

74

Extra-

Outside

75

Fibr(i)

Fever

76

Fibr(o)

Fiber

77

Gastr(o)

Refers to the stomach

78

Gest(o)

Pregnancy

78

Gingiv(o)

Refers to the gums

78

Glauc(o)

Bluish-grey color

78

-globin

Protein

78

Gloss(o)

Tongue

78

Gluc(o)

Glucose or sugar

78

Glycol-

Sugar

78

-Gram

Record

79

-graph

Instrument for recording

80

-helminth

Worm

81

Hemat-, haemato-, hema(a)(o)

Referring to blood

82

Hepat(o)

referring to the liver

83

Histi(o)

Tissue

84

Hist((o)

Tissue

85

Humer(o)

Humorous or upper arm

86

Hydr(o)

Water

87

Hyper-

Beyond or above normal

88

Hyp(o)

Below normal

89

Hyster(o)

Uterus

90

-iac

Pertaining to

91

-ic

Pertaining to

92

-ical

Pertaining to

93

Infra-

Below

94

Inguin(o)

Groin

95

Inter-

Between

96

Intra-

Within

97

-ism

Process or condition

98

Iso-

Equal

99

-ist

A specialist

100

-itis

Inflammation

101

-ium

Tissue

102

Jaund(o)

Yellow

103

Kerat(o)

Cornea or hard tissue

104

Lacrim(o)

Tears (in eye)

105

Lact(I)(o)

Milk

106

Lapar

Abdomen, abdominal wall

107

-lapse

To fall or slide

108

Laryng(o)

Pertaining to the larynx

109

-lepsy

Surgery

110

Leuk(o)

White

111

Lip(o)

Fat

112

Lith(o)

Stone

113

-logy

Study of

114

Lumb(o)

Lower back

115

Lux(o)

To slide

116

Lymph(o)

Lymph

117

Lypsis

Destruction

118

Lys(o)

Separate into parts

119

Macr(o)

Large

120

-mal

Bad

121

Mamm(o)

Pertaining to the breast

122

Mandibul(o)

Pertaining to the jaw bone

123

Mast(o)-

Breast tissue

124

Maxill(o)

Upper jaw bone

125

Mega

Enlargement

126

Megal(o)

Enlargement

127

-megaly

Enlargement

128

Melan(o)

Black

129

-graphy

Process of recording

130

Metacarp(o)

Bones of the front paw

132

Mengi(o)

Membrane surrounding the Brian/spine

134

Metastasis

Bones of the rear paw

136

-meter

Measure

138

Method(o)

Procedure or technique

140

Metri(o)

Uterus

142

Micr(o)

Small/little

144

Morph(o)

Form or shape

145

-mortem

Death

146

Muc(o)

Mucus

147

Muscul(o)

Muscle

148

My(o)

Muscle

149

Myel(o)

Bone marrow, or spinal cord

150

Narc

Sleep

151

Nas(o)

Nose

152

Necr(o)

Death

153

Neo-

New

154

Nephr(o)

Kidney

155

Neur

Nerves

156

Nutria(o)

To nourish

157

Ocul

Eye

158

Odont(o)

Tooth

159

Odyn(o)

Pain

160

-oid

Resembles or looks like

161

Olig(o)

Scant

162

-oma

Tumor, bulk, volume

163

Onych(o)

Finger or toe nail

164

Oo-

Egg

165

Ophthalm(o)

Eye

166

-opsy

To view

167

Or(o)

Mouth

168

Orchid(o)

Testes, testicle

169

Orchi (o)

Testes, testicle

170

-orexia

Appetite

171

Organ(o)

Organ

172

Orth(o)

Straight

173

-osis

Condition or disease

174

Ossi-

Bone

175

Osse(o)

Bone

176

Ost(e)

Bone

177

Oste(o)

Bone

178

Ot(o)

Ear

179

Ov(o)

Egg

180

Ovari(o)

Ovary

181

-oxie

Oxygen

182

Palliate(o)

Soothe or relieve

183

Palpeb(o)

Eyelid

184

Palp(o)

To gently touch

185

Palpate

To gently touch

186

Pan

All

187

Pancreat(o)

Pancreas

188

Para-

Alongside or beside

189

-paresis

Weakness

190

Path(o)

Disease

191

-pathy

Disease or emotion

192

Ped(o)

Foot

193

Pelv(i)(o)

Pelvis or hip bone

194

-apnia

Deficiency

195

-pepsia

Digestion, digestive tract

196

Peri-

Surrounding

197

Peritone

Peritoneum

198

-phage

Eating or digesting

199

-phagia

Eating or digesting

200

Phag(o)

Eating or digesting

201

Pharmac(o)-

Drug

202

Phleb(o)

Vein

203

Plant(o)

Bottom of the foot

204

-plasia

Formation or development

205

-plasty

The surgical care of

206

-plegia

Paralysis

207

Plex(o)

Network of nerves

208

-pnea

Breathing

209

Pneum(o)-

Lungs or air

210

Pod(o)

Foot

211

-poiesis

The production or making of

212

Poikil(o)

Varied or irregular

213

Poly-

Many or excessive

214

-prandial

Meal

215

Pre-

In front of or before

216

Pro-

In front of or before

217

Proxim(o)

Near

218

Prurit(o)

Itching

219

Pseudo-

False

220

Psych(o)(e)

Pertaining to the mind

221

-ptosis

Droop or sag

222

Pulmon(o)

Lungs

223

Pyo-

Pus

224

Pyrex(o)

Fever

225

Quadr(i)

Four

226

Radi(o)

X-ray

227

Ren(o)

Kidney

228

Rhin(o)

Nose

229

-rrhage

Excessive flow or discharge

230

-rrhag(ia)

Excessive flow or discharge (blood)

231

-rrhea

Excessive flow or discharge

232

Sarc(o)

Flesh-like

233

Scler(o)

Hardening

234

-scope

Instrument for viewing or an exam

235

-scopy

To view

236

Sinistr(o)

Left

237

-sis

A condition of

238

Splen(o)

Spleen

239

Spandyl(o)

Vertebrae or spleen

240

-stasis

To stop or control

241

-static

To stop or control

242

Sten(o)

Narrowing

243

Steth(o)-

Chest

244

Stom(a)

Mouth or oral cavity

245

Stomat(o)

Mouth or oral cavity

246

Sub

Beneath or below

247

Supra

Above or beyond

248

Tachy

Rapid or fast

249

Tars(o)

Hind foot

250

Therm(o)

Heat

251

Thorac(o)

Chest

252

Trans

Across

253

Thromb(o)

To clot

254

-tocia

To give birth

255

-tomy

To cut

256

-trophy

Development or growth

257

Tympan(o)

Ear drum or middle ear

258

-ula

Small or little

259

-ule

Small or little

260

Un(i)

One

261

-uria

Urine

262

Ur(o)

Urine or urinary tract

263

Vas(o)-

Duct or blood vessel

264

Vascul(o)

Duct or blood vessel

265

Ven(i)(o)

Vein

266

Ventr(o)

Front side

267

Volemia

Blood pressure

268

-y

The process or condition of

269

Zo(o)

Animal life