Terms Flashcards Preview

CLAS > Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms Deck (35):
1

Acronym

an abbreviation that spells a word or pronounceable unit

scuba

2

Affix

prefixes, suffixes, and infixes

3

Apheresis

the elimination of the first letter or syllable of a word

paper from wallpaper

4

Assimilation

The changing of the last bit of a prefix to make the new word easier to say

happens a lot with ex- and ad-

5

Base/Root

the main part of the word

6

Back formation

creation of simpler forms from complex forms usually by the removal of an affix

7

Blend

combining two words such that a part of each remains and the beginning of the new word suggests both of its parts

herstory, affluenza, Interpol

8

Change from concrete to abstract

concrete in meaning comes to have an abstract sense, without the addition of a suffix

tragedy, ear, eye, hand

9

Change from abstract to concrete

abstract in meaning comes to have an concrete sense, without the addition of a suffix

allowance, vice, generations, ordnance

10

circumlocution

an incident or lengthy way of expressing a simple or concrete idea, often to disguise the truth

neutralize, visit a site, target rich area

11

Clip(ped words)

"words that have lost its initial or final part but keeps its meaning"

boot, prep, doc, premmie, gas, lube, semi, memo, con, pen, phone

12

Cognates

Two or more words in different languages which have the same root

13

Degeneration

a word comes to mean something more objective or contemptible than it did before

intercourse, monster, demon, innocuous, precocious

14

Derivative

a word passed down to a new language from an old language

15

Diminutive

the form of a word which means a tiny version of the word

16

Dissimilation

where two similar sounds diverge, usually to help pronunciation

usually happens with l/r

17

Doublet(s)

a derivative which shares a common origin with another derivative in the same language but has a different meaning or connotation

gens, hostis, vitulari

18

Elevation

a word comes to mean something more pleasant or lofty than it did before

utopia, angel, hidalgo, progress

19

Etymology

the study of the origins of words and how they change

20

Euphemism

the act of replacing an unpleasant word with a better one

Hades, Eumenides, to do away with, to put down, to put to sleep

21

Folk Etymology

a word changes form through a mistaken assimilation of that word to another word or form which it resembles

momento, laxadaisical, spitting image, chaise lounge, humble pie, big cheese

22

Functional Change

new usage as a different part of speech without a change in form or addition of a suffix

what's in/out, to out someone, pros and cons, to while away your time

23

Generalization

The definition goes from specific to general

Tremendous, Comoedia, Triumphus

24

Hybrid (word)

a word comprised of elements drawn from different languages

anteroom, superman, ultrafast, teledata, audiophile

25

Hyperbole

overexageration

26

Inchoative

beginning or becoming

-sc-

27

Metaphor

implied comparison between two things

All the worlds a stage

28

Metathesis

the transportation of two letters or sounds in a word

29

Participle

adj. from a v. by adding -ing/-ed to base

-tum=-ed

30

Prefix

one or more letters or syllables at the beginning of the words

31

Specialization

the meaning moves from general to specific

RADIC-, RAP-, VOT-, LIQUOR-

32

Substantive

an adj. which functions as a noun without changing its formqqqqq

33

Suffix

One or more letters added to the end to modify its meaning, and also often change its part of speech

34

Vowel Gradation

a change in the internal vowel of a base, often when the base is prefixed

35

Weakening

hyperbole weakens to a normal meaning

mortify, atom, unique, sudden death