Terms Flashcards Preview

Intro to Jazz > Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
1

Front Line

in contrast to the Rhythm Section, these are the instruments that will usually play the MELODY and improvise SOLOS

saxophone, clarinet, trumpet, trombone

2

Tempo

the speed of a particular piece or passage of music

3

Form/Structure

the general framework of a piece of music, usually described in sections

4

Blues

a song structure built on 3 chords and most often 12 bars in length

5

Phrase

a short section of consecutive notes, usually described as melody

6

Song

a number of musical phrases combined together in sections

7

Swing

rhythmic feel common to jazz where basic pulse is subdivided into triplets

8

Syncopation

accenting a normally weak beat or weak part of the beat

9

Vibrato

the fluctuation of the pitch of a vocal or instrumental tone used as an expressive device

10

Chorus

the main body of the song form which is repeated many times for improvised solos

11

Riff

a short melodic phrase often repeated by a soloist or group

12

Two-Feel

a rhythm section style that emphasizes the FIRST and THIRD beat of a four beat measure

13

Walking Bass

a bass style in which a separate tone is played on each beat of the measure

14

Stop Time

a way of accompanying a soloist when the ensemble will make an accent together usually on the FIRST BEAT of each bar

15

Chart/Arrangement

an adaptation of a musical composition in which the arranger writes out what each individual musician has to play

16

Collective Improvisation

a situation when all members if a group improvise simultaneously

17

Boogie-Woogie

a piano style characterized by REPETITIVE LEFT HAND BASS FIGURES and improvised MELODIC VARIATIONS ON RIGHT HAND

18

Solo Break

a short break in the music so the soloist can begin an improvisation

19

Double Time (feel)

when the tempo of the music becomes twice as fast (or when that feeling is implied)

20

Voicing

a term describing which particular pitches are used in spelling a chord

21

Jazz Standard

a tune that has become part of an accepted repertoire of tunes that most jazz players know

22

Modulation

moving from one key/key center to another

23

Chord Changes/Progression

a series of chords used as a melody harmonization or for an improvised solo

24

Rhythm Section

the instruments in a group that provide the most prominent rhythmic and harmonic foundation of the music

usually piano, bass, guitar, drums, tuba, banjo

25

chops

slang term describing technical proficiency on an instrument

26

turn around

short series of cords used to establish a key centre

27

Voice leading

term used to describe how notes in a chord move to the following chord

28

Block cords

cords that moves in parallel motion

29

comping

short for accompanying; a term used to describe how a rhythm section player plays behind a soloist

30

scat singing

A type of singing that uses nonsense syllables in an improvised solo