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semicircular recess in church, usually containing the altar

2

virgin mary

mother of jesus

3

abbey church

associated with monastery

4

evangelist

the writer of one of the four gospels

5

catacombs

underground cemetery

6

pilgrimage

a pilgrim's journey

7

the disciples

matthew, mark, luke, john

8

gregory the great

sent St. Augustine to christianize England

9

transverse arch

supporting arch which runs across the vault from side to side dividing the bays

10

cruciform

thing shaped like a cross

11

good shepherd

image in catacombs, story where christ is a sheep looking out for us, comes from Roman world idea of animal husbandry

12

bishop odo

conqueror and bishop of bayeux

13

cloister

main part of monastery

14

pilgrimage church

church on the pilgrimage route

15

monothestic

belief that there is only one god (judaism, christianity, islam)

16

book of kells

important manuscript, image of chiro, made iona, most elaborate manuscript

17

transept

parts projecting at right angels from the nave

18

gislebertus

french romanesque sculptor, made major contributions to a cathedral
"art is for the illiterate" to give education of the bible to those who cant read

19

durham cathedral

constructed in romanesque style, founded as a monastic cathedral built to house a shrine

20

longitudinal plan building

structure designed in rectangular shape

21

dura europus

bordered city

22

saint peter

an apostle, disciple of Christ, the leader of the 12 disciples

23

william the conqueror

came across the english channel, in 1066, killed harold and took the throne

24

masons

a worker in stone

25

charlemagne

first emperor of the roman empire, "Charles the Great", remembered for encouragement of education

26

nave

central aisle of church

27

sutton hoo

massive burial on land of misses Critty and Bazzel

28

illumination

illuminating a manuscript

29

vikings

scandanavian pirates and traders who raided parts of northwestern Europe

30

alpha and omega

beginning and end