Terms and Definitions (FAR 1.1) - ATP Flight School Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms and Definitions (FAR 1.1) - ATP Flight School Deck (82)
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Administrator

The Federal Aviation Administrator or any person to whom he has delegated his authority in the matter concerned.

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Aircraft

A device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air.

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Aircraft engine

An engine that is used or intended to be used for propelling aircraft. It includes turbosuperchargers, appurtenances, and accessories necessary for its functioning, but does not include propellers.

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Airframe

The fuselage, booms, nacelles, cowlings, fairings, airfoil surfaces (including rotors but excluding propellers and rotating airfoils of engines), and landing gear of an aircraft and their accessories and controls.

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Airplane

An engine-driven fixed-wing aircraft heavier than air, that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings.

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Airport

An area of land or water that is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and includes its buildings and facilities, if any.

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Airship

An engine-driven lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered.

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Air traffic clearance

An authorization by air traffic control, for the purpose of preventing collision between known aircraft, for an aircraft to proceed under specified traffic conditions within controlled airspace.

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Air traffic control

A service operated by appropriate authority to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic.

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Alert area

An alert area is established to inform pilots of a specific area wherein a high volume of pilot training or an unusual type of aeronautical activity is conducted.

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Alternate airport

An airport at which an aircraft may land if a landing at the intended airport becomes inadvisable.

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Altitude engine

A reciprocating aircraft engine having a rated takeoff power that is producible from sea level to an established higher altitude.

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Area navigation (RNAV)

A method of navigation that permits aircraft operations on any desired flight path.

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Balloon

A lighter-than-air aircraft that is not engine driven, and that sustains flight through the use of either gas buoyancy or an airborne heater.

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Calibrated airspeed

The indicated airspeed of an aircraft, corrected for position and instrument error. Calibrated airspeed is equal to true airspeed in standard atmosphere at sea level.

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Category (with regard to aircraft certification)

A grouping of aircraft based upon intended use or operating limitations. Examples include: transport, normal, utility, acrobatic, limited, restricted, and provisional.

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Category (with regard to airman certification)

A broad classification of aircraft. Examples include: airplane; rotorcraft; glider; and lighter-than-air.

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Ceiling

The height above the earth's surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as “broken”, “overcast”, or “obscuration”, and not classified as “thin” or “partial”.

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Class (with regard to aircraft certification)

A broad grouping of aircraft having similar characteristics of propulsion, flight, or landing. Examples include: airplane; rotorcraft; glider; balloon; landplane; and seaplane.

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Class (with regard to airman certification)

A classification of aircraft within a category having similar operating characteristics. Examples include: single engine; multiengine; land; water; gyroplane; helicopter; airship; and free balloon.

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Controlled airspace

An airspace of defined dimensions within which air traffic control service is provided to IFR flights and to VFR flights in accordance with the airspace classification.

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Controlled firing area

A controlled firing area is established to contain activities, which if not conducted in a controlled environment, would be hazardous to nonparticipating aircraft.

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Crewmember

A person assigned to perform duty in an aircraft during flight time.

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Critical engine

The engine whose failure would most adversely affect the performance or handling qualities of an aircraft.

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Decision altitude

A specified altitude in an instrument approach procedure at which the pilot must decide whether to initiate an immediate missed approach if the pilot does not see the required visual reference, or to continue the approach. Decision altitude is expressed in feet above mean sea level.

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Decision height

A specified height above the ground in an instrument approach procedure at which the pilot must decide whether to initiate an immediate missed approach if the pilot does not see the required visual reference, or to continue the approach. Decision height is expressed in feet above ground level.

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Equivalent airspeed

The calibrated airspeed of an aircraft corrected for adiabatic compressible flow for the particular altitude. Equivalent airspeed is equal to calibrated airspeed in standard atmosphere at sea level.

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Flap extended speed

The highest speed permissible with wing flaps in a prescribed extended position.

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Flight level

A level of constant atmospheric pressure related to a reference datum of 29.92 inches of mercury. Each is stated in three digits that represent hundreds of feet. For example, flight level 250 represents a barometric altimeter indication of 25,000 feet; flight level 255, an indication of 25,500 feet.

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Flight plan

Specified information, relating to the intended flight of an aircraft, that is filed orally or in writing with air traffic control.