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Flashcards in Terms for The Chosen Deck (20)
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1

Ba'al Shem Tov

18th century founder of Chasidism

2

Shabbat

A weekly festival day of rest. (Friday night at sundown until Saturday night at sundown)
Celebrated with suspension of all forms of work and special prayer services

3

Yeshiva

A special Jewish parochial school where boys and girls are educated seperately, and where stress is placed on study of the Torah and Talmud.

4

Tzitzit

The ritual fringes used to remind Jews of God's commandments
Found either on a prayer shawl or a special undergarment worn under the shirt

5

Rabbi

Jewish religious and spiritual leader trained in scholarship and to lead the community

6

Rebbe

A revered leader of the Chasidic sect
Consulted in nearly all matters by his followers and is considered the wisest man in the community because he is believed that he is best able to interpret God's will on earth

7

Hebrew

the language the Torah is written and therefore is considered a holy tongue

8

Yiddish

a language, a combination of Hebrew, German, Polish and other European languages, spoken among Chasidic Jews

9

Yarmulke or skullcap

A small hat worn by Jewish tradition, worn by Jewish men to remind themselves that they are continually below God

10

Abba

Hebrew word for dad or daddy

11

Talmud

Jewish oral law

12

tzaddik

The righteous ones, "a superhuman link between themselves and God"

13

tefillin or phylacteries

two boxes with long straps of crafted unblemished leather that contains particular Bible verses in them. They are worn around the head and between the eyes and aound the arm traditionally by Jewish men during morning weekday services so that they can literally fulfill the commandment in Deuteronomy that says "and you shall wear them as a sign upon your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes"

14

Torah

Literally "law"
The first five books of the Bible that traditional Jews believe were handed to Moses on Mt. Sinai

15

Momzer

a contemptible person

16

Samovars

an urn with a spigot at its base for tea

17

Hasidic Jews

Hasidim or pious ones, are followers of a Polish Jew named Israel who lived during the 18th century

18

Gentiles

non-Jewish faith, Christian

19

Kosher

clean or fit to eat, according to Jewish law

20

apostate

a person guilty of abandonning his faith