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Flashcards in Terms P-T Deck (15):
1

pantheon

is a former Roman temple, now a church, in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus. Was completed by Hadrian. Was dedicated to the gods

2

parergon

side adventures in the tales of heroes

3

Peloponnesos

a large peninsula linked to the northern territory of Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth.

4

Phoenicians

a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean. Their language has been seen to be the route of ancient greek

5

Proto-Indo-Europeans

were the prehistoric people of Eurasia who spoke Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the ancestor of the Indo-European languages according to linguistic reconstruction.

6

Psychopompus

an alternative name for Hermes; as he is seen as being a psychopomp, that being a being that guides the spirits of the dead to the underworld

7

Pythia

was the priestess who held court at Pytho, the sanctuary of the Delphinians, a sanctuary dedicated to the Greek god Apollo, commonly known as the Oracle of Delphi.

8

rhapsode

a person who recites epic poems, especially one of a group in ancient Greece whose profession it was to recite the Homeric poems from memory.

9

saga

a long story of heroic achievement;

10

satyr

one of a class of lustful, drunken woodland gods. In Greek art they were represented as a man with a horse's ears and tail, but in Roman representations as a man with a goat's ears, tail, legs, and horns.

11

Sibyl

Sibyl, also called Sibylla, prophetess in Greek legend and literature. Tradition represented her as a woman of prodigious old age uttering predictions in ecstatic frenzy. In a legend about the sibyl of Cumae in Italy, she accompanied Aeneas on his journey to the Underworld

12

Sumer

Referred to the Sumerians, who had a large influence on Greek/Roman religion; sharing many similar gods.

13

Theogony

The Theogony is a poem by Hesiod (8th – 7th century BC) describing the origins and genealogies of the Greek gods

14

Titanomachy

was a ten-year series of battles fought in Thessaly, consisting of most of the Titans (an older generation of gods, based on Mount Othrys) fighting against the Olympians

15

tripartite functionality

hypothesis of prehistoric Proto-Indo-European society postulates a tripartite ideology ("idéologie tripartite") reflected in the existence of three classes or castes—priests, warriors, and commoners (farmers or tradesmen)—corresponding to the three functions of the sacral, the martial and the economic, respectively