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Flashcards in Terms Quiz Deck (83):
1

A reference to history, the Bible, art

Allusion

2

Noun or pronoun that defines an earlier noun or pronoun

Appositive

3

A tale in which the characters represent abstract ideas or moral qualities

Allegory

4

Repetition of initial sounds in a line of verse or prose

Alliteration

5

Comparison between two objects for the purpose of showing similarities

Analogy

6

Poetic foot of two unstressed followed by a stressed

Anapest

7

A person who opposes the protagonist and creates the conflict

Antagonist

8

Balancing of two contrasting thoughts, words, or phrases

Antithesis

9

A poetic device in which the writer directly addresses a person, place, or thing, as if it were present

Apostrophe

10

A speech in plays intended for the audience, and not for other characters on stage

Aside

11

Repetition of vowel sounds in a line of poetry

Assonance

12

An author's account of his/her life

Autobiography

13

A poem that tells a story, usually in four line stanzas, with the second and fourth line rhyming

Ballad

14

Detailed story of a person's life

Biography

15

Poetic lines of unrhymed iambic pentameter

Blank verse

16

Break of pause in a line of poetry

Caesura

17

A section or division of a long poem

Canto

18

Decisive point of a narrative; the moment of greatest intensity when the outcome becomes apparent

Climax

19

Literature in which the conflict is resolved and the protagonist solves his problem

Comedy

20

Literature in which the humor stems from the character's violation of the decorum and rules by which all operate in a polished and sophisticated society

Comedy of manners/Drawing room comedy/British comedy (humor)

21

Clash of viewpoints; the struggle around which the plot revolves

Conflict

22

Repetition of consonant sounds in a line of poetry

Consonance

23

A poetic foot consisting of stressed, followed by 2 unstressed

Dactyl

24

Formal poem mourning the death of an individual

Elegy

25

Sermon given or speech presented at a funeral by a minister or loved one

Eulogy

26

Inscription on a tombstone

Epitaph

27

Sonnet (14 line poem) consisting of 3 quatrains that state the problem or ask a question and a couplet that resolves the problem or answers the question

Elizabethan sonnet

28

Brief, witty poignant comment

Epigram

29

Piece of prose that expresses a personal point of view

Essay

30

Dignified in tone, always seems to instruct or persuade

Formal essay

31

Conversational and relaxed, on a variety of subjects

Informal essay

32

Part of the story that helps the reader understand background

Exposition

33

Action following the climax

Falling action

34

Language that departs from the literal for literary effect

Figurative language

35

Saying one thing and meaning another

Figure of speech

36

Two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter

Heroic couplet

37

A verse line consisting of six feet

Hexameter

38

Exaggeration or overstatement of fact used for humorous or serious purpose

Hyperbole

39

Poetic foot of unstressed followed by stressed

Iamb

40

Most popular verse form in English poetry: Five feet in a line, each one an iamb

Iambic pentameter

41

Rhyme scheme in which a rhymed line in one stanza signals the rhyme in the next stanza

Interlocking rhyme

42

Rhyme that occurs within the line of poetry

Internal rhyme

43

An attitude or way of writing that depends of a discrepancy between what is apparent and what is real

Irony

44

Discrepancy between purpose and result OR between what happens versus what is expected

Irony of situation

45

Discrepancy when you say one thing and mean something else

Verbal irony

46

When the reader/audience perceives something that the character does not

Dramatic irony

47

An octave (states the question) and a sestet (answers the question)

Italian sonnet

48

Standard phrase popular in Old English where something is described metaphorically rather than directly

Kenning

49

Kind of theatrical entertainment popular among the English aristocracy in the late 16th and early 17th century, made use of songs, dances, stage effects, lyric poetry, etc. (Play within a play)

Masque

50

Figure of speech in which two unlike words are compared without a word of comparison

Metaphor

51

Metaphor (comparison) between two startlingly different things

Metaphysical conceit

52

A regular pattern of rhythm in poetry

Meter

53

Work in which something trivial/trivial topic is treated seriously and follows the characteristics of the traditional epic

Mock epic

54

First 8 lines of a sonnet

Octave

55

Serious dignified lyric poem usually written for a special occasion in honor of a particular person, place, or thing

Ode

56

Word whose sound suggests its meaning

Onomatopoeia

57

Figure of speech which depends on a paradoxical contrast between what is apparent and what is real

Oxymoron

58

A statement true in fact, although it seems to contradict itself

Paradox

59

Repetition of phrases that are similar in structure or meaning

Parallelism

60

Figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities

Personification

61

Central character who faces the conflict presented by the antagonist

Protagonist

62

Sacred song or lyric

Psalm

63

Poetic stanza of four lines

Quatrain

64

A phrase or sentence repeated at intervals and at the end

Refrain

65

Action which builds toward the climax

Rising action

66

A piece of writing that holds up to ridicule or contempt the weaknesses and wrongdoings of individuals, groups, or humanity in general; seeks to change the reader's mind through the force of laughter by making fun

Satire

67

Six lines of poetry

Sestet

68

Figure of speech in which two things are compared with a word of comparison

Simile

69

Lengthy speech in which the speaker/character reveals his most innermost thoughts and feelings, as if he were thinking aloud

Soliloquy

70

14 lined poem in iambic pentameter

Sonnet

71

Variable kind of meter in which a stressed syllable may be combined with any number of unstressed

Sprung rhythm

72

Style of writing that attempts to imitate the character's flow of thoughts as he is thinking them

Stream of consciousness

73

An author's characteristic way of writing determined by his word choice, arrangement of words in sentences, and relationship of sentences to one another

Style

74

Word or phrase used to stand for an idea

Symbol

75

Verse form with 3 line stanzas which incorporates the middle of 1 rhyming with the 1st and 3rd lines of the next stanza (interlocking rhyme)

Terza Rima

76

A literary movement where authors used powerful symbols to dictate mood, themes, etc.

Symbolism

77

Poetic line of four feet

Tetrameter

78

Way in which words are arranged in order to form phrases

Syntax

79

Literature in which the conflict is not resolved and the protagonist does not solve his problem, extricating himself from the conflict that the antagonist has created

Tragedy

80

Metrical line consisting of three feet

Trimeter

81

Poetic foot consisting of a stressed followed by an unstressed

Trochee

82

Intricately patterned poem (3 line stanzas and a concluding stanza of 4 lines), with the first and third line of the first stanza serving as a refrain that doubles as the end of the poem and also is interwoven throughout. Has two rhymes only.

Villanelle

83

Character in a piece of literature for the express purpose of pointing out the strengths and weaknesses of another character

Character foil