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Flashcards in Terms-unit 3 Deck (12):
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Irony

The use of language to convey meaning other than what is stated or a contradiction in what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
( irony underscores the paradoxical, works of implied meaning and violates the readers expectations)

1

Verbal irony

Irony occurring when a speaker’s meaning differs from what he or she expresses in words.

2

Sarcasm

A type of irony that takes the form of
mock praise.

3

Structural irony

A Sustained verbal irony that gen- erates two layers of meaning, one literal and one implied, throughout the entire work.

4

Situational irony

A type of irony in which a story’s events violate normal expectations.

5

Dramatic irony

A type of irony in which the reader is aware of a plot development of which the characters of the story are unaware.

6

Hyperbole

A type of obvious overstatement used by writers to make a point.

7

Understatement

The representation of something as less important than it truly is.

8

Litotes

A form of understatement that expresses a positive statement by denying its opposite, e.g., That girl is no slacker.

9

Satire

Corrective ridicule of some object of scorn usually outside of the literature itself.

10

Pun

A type of wordplay in which the author com- bines two word meanings within a sentence.

11

Oxymoron

Brief phrases that combine contradic- tory elements for effect (e.g., sweet sorrow).