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Flashcards in Terras Madeirenses Deck (22)
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1

portugal is __ largest producer of wine?

11th

2

portugal is __ per capita

1st

3

how was madeira founded?

archipelago discovered while exploring the african north coast located about 625m from portugal

4

what is referred to the 'isle of woods?'

madiera

5

what did the portugese do when they founded madeira?

they colonized it and set it on fire to make room for agriculture

6

why was madeira important?

important port

7

vinhos do roda

round trip wine across the atlantic or east indies and back

8

torna viagem

round trip

9

what style of madeira demands the higher price point?

vinhos do roda

10

vinhos canterio

matured on the island

11

estufagem

came about in the 19th century to meet demand for madeira
too cook

12

what two american events was madeira consumed at?

inauguration of gw
signing of the declaration of independence

13

what huge invent happened in 1807 and why?

the french and spanish invaded portugal because they wanted to disrupt trade with england
- vines were not really damaged, but the prices were

14

what event caused the decline for portugese wines in england

- the exile of napolean
- british opened up trade with europe
- french and spanish wines went up
- portugese wines went down

15

what eventually replaced port?

sherry

16

when was portugal hit with mildew and phylloxera?
where was excluded?

- powdery and downy mildew 1850
- phylloxera 1867
colares in lisboa was spared

17

after phylloxera, what happened to portugal?

many vineyards were not replaced
- cork industry

18

regiao demarcada

in 20th century portugal moved to protect its wine producing regions
- madeira
- dao
- vinho verde amongst others
- but politics silenced it (right wing rule)

19

junta nacional do vinhos

1937
wine law revamp
consolidating smaller vineyards into large coops

20

mateus + lancers

two estates for semi-sparkling rose
were the face of portugese wine

21

quinta

small estate

22

dop

denominacao de origen protigeda