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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (43):
1

Matthew 27:11 (NIV)

Meanwhile, Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied."

2

Mark 10:45 (NIV)

For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.

3

Rituals Associated with Life Transitions
Cultural Distinctions

Birth
Childhood
Reaching Adulthood - Bar Mitvah
Marriage
Growing Old
Death

4

Village Life

centered on the synagogue. Ten adult males in a community were sufficient to form a congregation.

5

Synagogue

Jewish assembly for prayer, worship, study - not necessarily a distinct building.

6

Pharisees

-The Separated Ones
-Numbered about 6,000, but masses followed their positions
-Adherence to "oral law" or traditional teachings
-Believed in limited providence, human freedom, resurrection; angels and spirits.

7

Sadducees

-Small, aristocratic group
-Rejected oral tradition as binding (scripture alone)
-Rejected other Pharisaic beliefs (resurrection, God's providence, angels and spirits)

8

Essenes

-Lived together in communities
-Emphasized ritual purity
-Regarded temple as defiled
-Believed God ordered all things
-Qumram community adopted solar calendar

9

Zealots

-"Fourth Philosophy" attributed to Judas and Galilee
-Agreed with Pharisaic beliefs
-Exclusive loyalty to God and his people despite opposition.

10

Kerygma

Proclamation
represents the content of the gospel as preached in teh first century.

11

Written Record
why not sooner?

15-20 years later
Oral Tradition
Absorbed in Evangelizing
Anticipation of second coming

12

Written Record
why then?

Spread of the gospel message
Death of eyewitnesses
Second coming unpredictable
Inauthentic, distorted accounts
Instruction of new converts

13

Land of Honey

North - less space, more water
Farmers
Life was
-predictable
-noisy and congested
-manageable

14

Land of Milk

South - more space, less water
Shepherds
Life was
-unpredictable
-Silent and lonely
-exhausting

15

Author of Matthew

AKA "Levi" - Tax Collector

16

Author of Mark

Helped Paul, Barnabas

17

Matthew Written to

the Jews

18

Mark Written to

Romans

19

Matthew Sources

Eyewitness
Mark
"Q"

20

Mark Sources

Peter

21

Matthew Portrays Christ as

King of the Jews

22

Mark Portrays Christ as

Servant of God

23

Key Words - Matthew

Kingdom of Heaven
"This was to fulfill..."

24

Key Words - Mark

Immediately

25

Caesarea-Phillipi

Jesus with disciples
"Who do the people think I am?

26

Capernaum

Focus on Christ's ministry

27

Decapolis

10 Cities
Greek not Jewish
Cast out demons into pigs

28

Samaria

Jewish people avoided to travel through

29

Jericho

Passed through and healed Blind Bartimaus outside the city gates

30

Trip from Jericho to Jerusalem

not traveled normally solo
Good Samaritan
End of Ministry - death of Lazarus

31

Jewish Revlot

Synagogue desecrated in Caesarea - 66AD
Riot spread to Jerusalem
Thousands of Jews kIlled
Jerusalem destroyed 70 AD
Set off a rebellion against Rome

32

Temple Destroyed - 70 AD

because of Jewish rebellion against Rome

33

Bar Kochba Revolt

Messianic Pretender
Devastation of Jerusalem
132-135 AD

34

Olive Oil Production

Significant village industry
1st pressing - synagogue
2nd pressing - household lighting
3rd pressing - cooking
4th pressing - soap, lard

35

Matthew's Intended Audience: Jews

Use of Hebrew Scriptures
Use of "kingdom of heaven"
Presentation of Jesus

36

Matthew presents Jesus

as Messiah, Christ, King

37

Jesus as Messiah

Identification
Fulfillment of O.T. Prophecy
Interpretation O.T. Law

38

Jesus as teacher

Sermon the mount
Instructions to the 12
Kingdom parables
Lifestyles in the Kingdom
Olivet Discource

39

Mark's Intended Audience - Gentiles (romans)

Rare references to the OT
Jewish customs explained
Aramaic words translated

40

Jesus as Messiah, Son of God

Mark opens and finishes with this identification
Demons recognized him.
God's voice at the baptism and transfiguration

41

Messianic secret

Silenced demons
Commanded some who were healed not to speak of it
Told disciples not to tell anyone

42

Jesus as servant

Not to be served, but to serve
Known as a common worker
Title ("Lord") missing or reduced
Busy doing good

43

Busyness of Jesus

"Immediately"
Intrusions on rest
Action, especially miracles
Not words (only 4 parables) - focus on the action of Christ