Test #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test #1 Deck (39):
1

Bacteria

A member of a large group of unicellular miccorganisms that have cell walls

2

Organelle

Specialized structures within a living cell

3

Organ

Different kinds of tissues joined together

4

Cell membrane

A membrane surrounding the layer to hold it together

5

Cytoplasm

A gel like substance containing chemicals

6

Nucelus

The control center of the cell

7

DNA

The chemical inside cells that has information about an organism

8

Ribosome

A protein builder of the cell

9

Mitochondria

An organelle that uses oxygen to breakdown food and release energy

10

Vacuole

Stores food, water and waste products

11

E.R.

The tubes that processes and transport protein within the cell

12

Golgi Body

Packages and deals out proteins outside the cell

13

Cell Wall

The outer part of the cell that provides structures

14

Chloroplast

Captures the light energy from the sun to make food

15

Lysosome

Breaks down substances

16

ATP

High-energy molecules that store enery so the cells can easily use.

17

Carbohydrates

Sugar and starch

18

Fats

A chemical that stores a large amount of energy

19

Protein

Another chemical that is important for life

20

Amino acid

A simple organic compound containing carboxyl and amino group

21

Nutrient

A substance that provides nourishment for growth and development

22

Digestion

The process of breaking down food the mechanical action

23

Respiration

The act of breathing

24

Homestasis

To be stable in multiple environments

25

Development

State of growth or advancement

26

Growth

Increasing in physical size

27

Reproduction

Producing an offspring

28

Kindgom

The highest level in the classification system

29

Biology

Study of life

30

Taxonomy

Classifying organisms by their similiar features

31

Protist

The organism that did not fit into the plant or animal kindgom

32

Flagellum

A whip like tail that help one celled organisms move

33

Cilia

Hair like structure

34

Fungus

An organism that has many cells and decomposes into food

35

Parasite

An organism that gets food from a living organism and harms it

36

Species

The lowest level in the classification system

37

Verterbrates

Animals with backbones

38

Amphibian

An verberate that has a "double life"

39

Metamorphosis

A change that all animals go through