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Flashcards in test 1 qt 2 Deck (108):
1

how many book are in the ot

46

2

what is the ot

inspired record of salvation history before the coming of jesus christ

3

what is salvation history

stories of god saving his people

4

whats another name fore the pentateuch

torah

5

how many books are in the torah

five

6

what is part one of the torah

historical, wisdom, and prophetic

7

what does torah mean

law

8

what does nebiim mean

prophets

9

what does ketubim mean

writings

10

what do the jews call the entire ot

TaNaK

11

what was it like before king Solomon's reign

oral tradition, stories, songs, experiences, celebrations of sacred events

12

what are scribes

modern day lawyers

13

who decided to start writing things in the ot

king solomon

14

what are scribes

people who write things

15

when did the written stories occur

950 bc, during Solomon's reign

16

what are compilations

work of several writers and editors

17

how long did it take to form the ot

900 yrs

18

what does canon mean

list of books recognized as the genuine and inspired holy scripture (they are accepted)

19

where does the word canon come from and what does it mean

hebrew word "kaneh", means standard

20

what was most of the ot written in

hebrew

21

how many books did the protestants accept

39

22

whats another name than protestant

king james bible

23

how many books do catholics accept

46

24

how many books weren't accepted by the protestants

7

25

what are discrepancies

differences

26

why were there discrepancies between the 7 books

because there were 2 different references

27

what happened in the babylon invasion

babylon conquered the south and then deported women and children back to babylon. After that, Greece conquered babylon and let all the people go back to their "homeland". there was nothing left so they moved to athens, corinith, and rome. that then caused them to start speaking greek

28

why did the septuagint occur

because no one spoke hebrew anymore, they spoke greek

29

what is the septuagint

greek translation of the ot in egypt (3rd CBC) (catholic)

30

where did people meet to discuss the books? who?

Egypt, the jewish scholars met to consolidate their sacred books 90AD, dropped 7 books

31

what happened at the meeting in egypt

they dropped 7 books

32

what were the 7 books they dropped

1&2 maccabees, judith, tobit, baruch, sirach, and wisdom

33

what is deuterocanonical

"second canon"- catholic term for the 7 books accepted in the catholic bible (mixed in)

34

what is apocryphal

protestant term for the 7 books that aren't accepted in the king james bible (in the back or not there at all)

35

where did the protestant ot take place

jamnia, palestine

36

what is the first book of the ot

Genesis

37

what is the most important book in the torah to jews

exodus

38

what does genesis mean

beginning

39

brief description of genesis

first book of the bible, chapters 1-11, earths creation, adam and eve, the flood, patriarchs

40

name the patriarchs

abraham, issac, esau, jacob

41

why did the flood occure

god wanted to start over

42

how long was the flood

40 days and nights

43

name the matriarchs

sarah and rebecca

44

who is sarah

Abraham's wife

45

who is rebecca

issacs wife

46

who were rebecca and issacs sons

jacob and esau

47

who did rebecca favor

jacob

48

who did issac favor

essau

49

what is the central book of the ot

exodus

50

explain exodus

most important to jews, central book, Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptian pharaoh, ten plagues, passover, wandering in the desert, sinai covenant

51

what does moses name mean

to draw

52

what is a theophany

an unusual appearance of god

53

what was moses theophany

the burning bush

54

what was moses problem

he stuttered

55

what were the ten plagues

bad things that happened, sent by god to free the jews

56

what was the tenth plague

1st born Egyptian male born (son) was killed

57

what did the Israelites have to do at passover

kill an unblemished lamb, smear the blood over their doors, cook it w/ bitter herbs, eat fast, serve w/ unlevened bread

58

what made the bread unlevened

no yeast

59

why unlevened bread

because they needed to get out quick

60

why was it called passover

because the death angle passed over their homes

61

how long did the Israelites wander

40 yrs

62

what food did the Israelites eat while wandering for 40 yrs

manna< flattened bread

63

what was the sinai covenant

when moses received the 10 commandment on mt.sinai

64

what did they build for the 10 commandments

arc of the covenant

65

what is the arc of the covenant

a box to protect the 10 commandments

66

where does leviticus get its name

the priest of the tribe of levi

67

describe leviticus

a book of laws, gets its name from the tribe of levi, theme is respect and love, women discriminated against

68

how many laws are in leviticus?

247

69

what does leviticus deal with

pubic worships, animal sacrifices, and ritual offerings

70

what is the theme of leviticus

love and respect

71

what kind of respect is in leviticus

for the sacredness of life and gods presence

72

describe the book of numbers

murmurings of the Israelites in the desert

73

what is Leviticus

constant murmurings if the Israelites in the desert

74

what are murmurings

complaining

75

what is the theme of numbers

gods faithfulness to the Israelites even tho they complained a lot

76

describe deuteronomy

sermons by moses, joshua as succesor

77

what is deuteronomy

"second law" sermons by moses

78

what is the theme of deutoronomy

obedience and loyalty VS consequences and death

79

what does joshua mean

savior

80

who is joshua

successor to moses

81

who is moses

greatest jewish prophet

82

how many years do the historical books cover

900

83

describe the historical books

Joshua led the Israelites into the promised land

84

how many tribes are there

12

85

where is the promised land

canaan

86

what are judges

local tribal leaders

87

what was the period of judges

apostasy, god disciplines them, they fall, god takes pitty, saves, wins, repeats

88

who is deborah

prophetess who instructed barrack into a successful holy war

89

what did god give gideon

woolen fleec, blanket

90

what did gideons blanket do

boost his self confidence

91

who is sampson

fought the philistines, carries jawbone of donkey, has strength in hair, martyr

92

what does Samson carry

jawbone of donkey

93

where is samsons strength

his hair

94

who seduces samson

delilah

95

how did delilah seduce samson

flirting and food, (wine and grapes)

96

who is samuel

priest and prophet, last and most significant judge

97

who is samuels mother

hannah

98

what is wrong with hannah

she is barren

99

what does barren mean

cant have kids

100

who is chosen as king by samuel and how

saul, by lot

101

why should samuel be king

because he has jealousy issues, depression, and is very insecure

102

who is david

second and greatest of all Israels kings, skilled harpist

103

what were davids 2 biggest accomplishment

uniting the tribes into one nation
establishing jerusalem as capital

104

what was davids biggest sin

having and affair with bethsheba, sending her husband into the front line of battle, got her pregnant

105

who is bethshebas son

solomon

106

who was solomon

davids successor

107

what was solomons biggest accomplishment

building the temple

108

why is the temple so important

because it is the center of jews lives, it has everything there