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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (50)
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1

When was the Baroque period?

1600-1750

2

What were the Baroque aesthetics?

random babies in the art, confusing, busy

3

What makes the harpsichord different from the piano?

harpsichord plucks the strings and has no dynamics

4

What is unique about the Baroque orchestra?

mostly stringed instruments, small, 15-20 people

5

What is the purpose of the opera?

music to be like a speech

6

What is the difference between an aria and a recitative?

aria: character sings how they feel, time stops
recitative: plot moves forward, conversations

7

What is an overture?

the intro to an opera, instrumental

8

What are some things to know about 'Dido and Aeneas'?

they fall in love, he leaves, she throws herself off a balcony, written by Nahum Tate, composed by Henry Purcell

9

What is the title of the person that writes the opera's text?

librettist

10

Who is a famous violin maker in the Baroque period?f

Antonio Stradivari

11

What is a basso continuo part?

the bass accompaniment, played by 2 people, piano and gamba or harpsichord and gamba

12

What does a trio sonata consist of?

4 people playing 3 parts, 2 on the basso continuo part

13

What are some things to know about Antonio Vivaldi?

called the "red priest", worked at a girls' orphanage, wrote sonatas and concerti for the girls to perform, wrote Spring

14

What is a concerto?

two groups going back and forth, orchestra vs. soloist

15

What is a ritornello?

a refrain that comes back a lot, played by everyone

16

What is something to know about Antonio Vivaldi's 'Spring'?

programmatic work, comes with a poem

17

What is a programmatic work?

a piece with extra musical associations

18

What is an absolute work?

a piece with no lyrics and no extra musical associations

19

Who was in charge of Collegium Musicum?

J.S. Bach

20

What was the Collegium Musicum?

a group of people who got together to play for leisure and would sometimes put on public concerts

21

What is a fugue?

a melody played by itself followed by other voices repeating it, imitative polyphony

22

Who was George Handel?

a German guy writing Italian operas in England

23

What is an oratorio?

about religious topics, put on like a concert, not acted out, e.g. Messiah

24

What genres have 3 movements?

concerti and sonatas

25

What genres have 4 movements?

symphonies and string quartets

26

What era had more woodwinds in the symphonies?

classical era

27

What does the key structure look like in a Da Capo Aria?

tonic-not tonic-tonic

28

When was the Classical Period?

1750-1800

29

What were the aesthetics of the Classical period?

high art, more refined, a point to the art

30

What was the patronage system?

an artist worked for a patron, lived in their manor or whatever and wrote music for them

31

What was a freelance artist?

someone who went wherever they wanted and composed for different things

32

What are the 3 components of sonata form?

exposition, development, recapitulation

33

What is the form of the third movement in a four movement plan?

minuet and trio

34

What is a symphony?

music composed for an orchestra, 4 movements

35

What instruments, and how many of each, are in a string quartet?

2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello

36

What is a sonata, the genre?

multiple works with piano accompaniment

37

What did Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart do for a living?

started off in the patronage system but got kicked out and became a freelancer in Vienna

38

What is the famous opera that Mozart wrote?

Don Giovanni

39

What type of opera was Don Giovanni?

dramma giocoso

40

What is a dramma giocoso?

a mix between opera seria and opera buffa

41

What is opera seria?

historical, tragic, usually dealing with Greek mythology

42

What is opera buffa?

silly, funny, contemporary characters

43

What was the Heiligenstadt Testament?

Beethoven's letter to his brothers explaining the fact that he was going deaf

44

What is the 'Symphonia Eroica'?

symphony no. 3, written by Beethoven originally in honor of Napoleon, but changed the title to heroic symphony

45

What is unique about Beethoven's symphony no. 5?

uses motives instead of themes

46

What is a set of compositions ordered by the date of publication called?

opus

47

What is it called when the theme occurs in more than one movement to unify the piece?

cyclical

48

What is scherzo?

means joking, faster, triple meter

49

What are the tempi of the 4 movements in a 4 movement plan?

fast, slow, medium, fast

50

What are the forms of the 4 movements in a 4 movement plan?

sonata, something, minuet and trio, sonata