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Flashcards in Test 2 drugs Deck (25)
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1

What type of drug is acetazolamine?
What does it do?
What drug class is it?
Where does it work at?

>Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
>reduces Na absorption
>Diuretic
>Proximal convoluted tubule

2

What is mannitol?
What drug class?

Osmotic gradient diuretic drug

3

What is furosemide?
Where does it work at?
Side effect?
What drug class?

>Loop Diuretic.
>ascending loop
>hypokalemia
>diuretics

4

What is hydrochlorthiazide?
Where does it work at?
Side effect?
What drug class?

>Thiazide
>Distal convoluted tubule
>Hypokalemia
>Diuretic

5

What is Spironolactone and Amiloride?
Where does it work at?
Side effect?
What drug class?

>Aldosterone drug
>collecting ducts
>Holds K (potassium) in
>Diuretic

6

What receptors does Phentolamine act on?

Alpha 1 and 2 antagonist

7

What receptors does Labetalol work on ?

B and a1 antagonist

8

What does Hydralazine and Minoxidil and Nitroprusside and Nitroglycerin do?

Arteriole vasodilators

9

What do ACE inhibitors do?

Stop angiotensin converting enzyme which decreases HP

10

What is Captopril?

ACE inhibitor

11

What do Vasodilators do to restore O2 balance in angina?
Which type of drug is included?

increase O2 flow,,
Nitrites.

12

What do B-blockers, and Ca+ channel blockers do to restore O2 balance in angina?

Decreases O2 consumption

13

What is Amyl Nitrate?
What's it used for?
One bad side effect.

Ampule of nitrate gas.
short acting vasodilator.
Throbbing headache.

14

What type of drug is nitroglycerin?

Vasodilator

15

What do verapamil, nifedipine, and diltiazem do?
What drug class?
Bad side effect?

Reduce O2 demand by relaxing smooth muscle.
Ca+ channel blocker.
Red face flushing.

16

What are the 5 different cholesterol drugs?

1. statin
2. fibrates
3. Nicotinic acid
4. Bile acid binding agents
5. Inhibitor of intestinal sterol absorption

17

What do Statins do?
Bad side effect?

inhibit HMG-CoA (cholesterol synthesizers).
Liver damage

18

What is Fenobrate and drug class?

It's a fibrate cholesterol reduced.
It does lipolysis.

19

What is niacin and drug class?
What does it do?

Nicotinic acid cholesterol inhibitor.
Decreases Triglyceride.

20

What is Cholesteramine and drug class?
Bad side effect?

It decreases amount of bile absorbed and it's the "Bile acid-binding for cholesterol.
Bloating/Constipation.

21

What is Exetimibe and drug class?

Cholesterol inhibitor from Intestinal absorption inhibitor.

22

What are Digitalis and Milrinone?
How does it work?
2 side effects?

Positive ionotropic drugs for heart failure.
Increases Ca++ and contractions.
Arrhythmias/Ectopic beats.

23

What does dobutamine do?

B1 adenoceptor agonist for heart failure

24

What do Procainamide, Quinidine, and Lidocaine do?

Na channel blockers for arrhythmias.

25

What does Amiodarone do?
Side effect?

Prolongs refractory time for arrhythmias and fibrillation.
Pulmonary Fibrosis.