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Flashcards in Test 2 Terms Deck (28)
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1

Strepsirhines

Lemurs and lorises

No trichromatic vision, tooth comb, lack post orbital closure, diverse diet, nocturnal & diurnal, arboreal and terrestrial

2

Tarsiers

Haplorhines, Nocturnal, biggest eyes relative to size

3

Orthograde posture

Arms and legs parallel

4

New world monkeys

Platyrrhines

Flat nose, lack trichromatic vision, post orbital closure, brachiation and prehensile tails, 2-1-3-3 arcade, all arboreal

5

Old world monkeys

Catarrhines

Sharp nosed, trichromatic vision, post orbital closure, tails for balance, 2-1-2-3 arcade, ischial callosites

6

Lesser Apes

Gibbons and siamangs

Low sexual dimorphism, brachiate, monogamy, smallest apes

7

Asian great Apes

Sexual trimorphism, arboreal tree benders, 2 surviving species

8

Pan troglodytes

Chimps

9

P. Paniscus

Bonobos

10

Radiocarbon

100yr - 40k

11

U-Series

(1000yr - 1 Ma)

12

Potassium Argon dating

500ka

13

Skeletal profiles

Ranked first access to kill to third access aka scavenged remnants

14

Paleocene

Earliest fossils found in China

15

Eocene

Strepsirhines ( lemurs and lorises)

16

Oligocene

Haplorines monkeys. Branching of old and new monkeys

17

Miocene

Apes

Proconsul probably early monkey and ape ancestor

18

Porgies

Orangutan

19

Hominids

Chimps, apes, bonobos, and humans

20

Hominin

Humans and their ancestors

21

First derived hominin trait to appear

Bipedalism

22

Paranthropines

Robust Australopithecines

23

Zygomatics

Cheekbones

24

Out of Africa hypothesis

Parapatric speciation in Africa then replaced other hominins

25

Multi regional hypothesis

Sympatric speciation/anagenesis from h erectus across world sustained by gene flow

26

H.Heidelbergensis

Speculated from h erectus in Africa then migrated out

27

Denisovans

Mtdna Distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans

28

200Ka

Humans evolved in Africa