Test 3 Flashcards Preview

SA History > Test 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (11):

Who started Home League?

Mrs. Bramwell Booth in the UK in 1907. First US meeting in 1913.


How did the first Chinese Corps begin?

Through the Army's care of Chinese immagrants after the San Francisco earthquake- the corps was located in Oakland in 1907.


When did the first American Black Corps begin?

1912 in DC


Who was the founder's successor?

Bramwell Booth


What event tested Evangeline Booth's leadership in 1906?

The San Fran earthquake damaged a lot of Army buildings. Within hours the Army was providing meals and shelter. 30,000 were fed, 9,000 beds were given and the following summer the Army conducted meetings in refugee camps.


Where does the expression "get on the wagon" come from?

1909 the first Boozer's Convention was held in NYC. On double decker buses bands played and a big wagon led a parade. The drunks were invited to get on the wagon and go to the Army hall ofr a free meal and a gospel meeting


Why did Corps start to become consolidated and see less growth, and what were some positive aspects of this time?

Col. William McIntyre and many other felt it was practical and cheaper and would bring stability. Due to established corps buildings, programs like Girl Guards and Scouts began, shifting the focus of the Army to families.


How did the war improve the Army's reputation?

The Army sent Doughnut Girls to France to care for the soldiers. They talked, helped write letters, mended uniforms, made doughnuts, etc. Shifted Americas eyes to the Army. in 1917 the US Army recognized the SA as a religious organization, allowing officers to be chaplains.


What are the two major points in Evangeline Booths 15 point paper written with her brother?

1. The General's absolute power which was felt to be unacceptable in the modern age (which called for a consultative leadership style).
2. a recommendation that his successor to be named by a High Council according to the Supplementary Deed Poll of 1904.


Discuss the issues concerning Bramwell Booth being named by the Founder as his successor and the criticism Bramwell faced for his leadership style.

When Booth died in 1912, Bramwell became successor.
His leadership style was autocratic and he was unwilling to take advice from his leaders or hear constructive criticism.
Brother in law Fredrick and Evangeline were offended by his attitude.
He was accused of nepotism.


Beginning with Bramwell's illness describe the course of events leading to his being deposed by the high council.

When Bramwell became ill, his wife assumed most responsibilities but had no legal authority.
Many feared if he died, Catherine would be named General and the opportunity to change the process of selecting a General would be lost.
Nov 14, 1928 seven Commissioners called the Chief of the Staff, Edward Higgins, to call a High Council according to the Supplementary Deed Poll of 1904.
This document offered provision to be made to remove a General who is physically unfit, mentally or morally for office.
Jan 8, 1929, the HC met with the purpose to depose Bramwell and elect a new General.
They sent Bramwell a letter encouraging him to resign but he refused.
On Jan 16 1929, they elected to depose him. Bramwell took it to the British Courts but they upheld the ruling of the HC.
On Feb 13, 1929 the HC elected Chief of Staff, Commissioner Edward Higgins and the 3rd and first elected General.