Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (28):
When were the baby boomers born?
What age is considered to be middle age or mid adulthood?
Age 40-45 to 60-65
What age is considered to be late mid lift?
What are some of the physical changes of mid life?
skin wrinkles and sags, aging spots, hair becomes thinner and grayer, decrease in height, increase in weight (% body fat)
What is sarcopenia?
age-related loss of muscle mass and strength
What is the rate of muscle loss at age 45?
10% per decade
What is the rate of muscle loss at age 75?
30% per decade
When do you reach maximum bone density?
mid to late 30s
When does bone density loss accelerate?
Is bone loss higher in men or women?
What is osteoporosis?
low bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue (leads to increased bone fragility and risk of fracture)
What is more common than heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer combined?
fractures from osteoporosis
How many women and men suffer from osteoporotic fracture in their life time
1 in 3 women, 1 in 5 men
What percen of people who suffer from a hip fracture die within 1 year?
Greater than 25%
What are results of osteoporotic fractures?
disfigurement, lower self esteem, reduction and loss of mobility, decreased independence
How can you prevent osteoporosis?
Getting enough calcium in your diet and doing weight baring exercises (plus coordination and balance exercise to decrease risk of falling)
What kind of vision problems come with middle age?
accomodation decreases, blood supply to eye decreases causing blind spots, pupil size decreases so retina receives less light
What happens to your hearing when you reach middle age?
You become less sensitive to high pitches (more so in men than women)
What increases your risk of heart disease and stroke?
high blood pressure and high cholesterol, fatty deposits and scar tissue accumulate in blood vessels and reduce blood flow.
Where does cholesterol accumulate?
Which kind of cholesterol is good and which is bad?
LDL = bad HDL = good
Why is hypertension more likely for middle age women?
BP increases after menopause
What are some metabolic syndromes that people get in mid life?
hypertension, obesity, insulin resistance (can lead to CVD and diabetes)
What makes you susceptible to death from metabolic syndrome?
high blood pressure ad glucose, combined with low HDL or high triglycerides
How can you reduce risk of CVD?
Exercise, weight control, diet rich in fruit/veg and whole grains, eating food with low saturated fat and cholesterol
By what age are wakeful periods more frequent and depth of sleep is reduced?
What makes you more likely to have sleep problems?
using drugs of any kind, have CVD, are depressed