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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (31)
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1

Romanticism

19th century, all things must die, romantic love, nature, emotional, dramatic

2

Franz Schubert

German composer created salons, sitting areas people sat and listened to music in, created Erlkonig

3

Lied

art song, voice and piano. Collection of these sometimes with overarching theme is called a song cycle

4

Strophic

When music repeats over and over but the text sometimes changes

5

Erlkonig

Young boy who was sick riding on back of horse with his father through the forest. Erlkonig comes and tries to get him, ends up getting him.

6

Hector Berlioz

Composer who writes Symphony Fantastique creates program symphony

7

Program Symphony

story line of a symphony

8

Symphony Fantastique

Composer obsessed with woman, dreams he murders her and then he gets beheaded and demons dance on his grave

9

Idee Fixe

Reveries, theme of Symphony Fantastique, fixed idea, obsession, the theme

10

Mighty Five

Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Mussorgsky

11

Mussorgsky

good friend who was a painter died so he created pictures at an exhibition. Promenade was supposed ot represent walking through the gallery at an exhibition

12

Bel Canto

Style of opera focuses on beauty and virtuoso of voice

13

Giuseppe Verdi

Last Bel Canto composers, mostly opera seria used psychological development/ word painting

14

Gioachino Rossini

Opera buffa composer people get into impossible situations in his pieces, he wants the audience to have fun

15

Imbroglio

Moment of chaos no one knows what's going on

16

Scena de Aria

solo singer has extended monologue, and two halves. Cavatina: arioso recicative Cabaletta: fast aria

17

Richard Wagner

Created mature operas with music drama.
In Wagner’s music dramas, a leitmotive is a short melody that represents a person, thing, idea, or emotion in the story.

18

The Ring Cycle

a cycle of four interconnected music dramas by Richard Wagner that collectively tell the tale of the Germanic legend Der Ring des Nibelungen

19

Long 20th century

Late 19th century, a million things about music because of speed of communication and ability to record sound. Nobody wants to be status quoe

20

Ism

bundle of characteristics to describe a genre

21

Impressionism

Debussy closely associated with impressionism mix of romanticism and sounds of modernism arose in France opposition of German romantic music

22

Claude Debussy

Created Prelude to the afternoon of a Faun, did things that ruined tone of music

23

Prelude to the afternoon of a faun

Based on poem by Mallarme

24

Igor Stravinsky

major 20th century composer, Russia, italy, France, leaves Russia before revolution
exoticism- fetish of another culture

25

Primitivism

a style that attempts to capture the unadorned lines, raw energy, and elemental truth of non-Western art and apply it in a Modernist context.

26

Rite of Spring

Ballet of primitivism, composed it for Diaghelev company. Sounded like:
1. Steady pulse but unclear meter (ametric)
2. polychords
3. Blocks of music with no transition between

27

Polychords used in rite of spring

triads that sound consonant separately, but very dissonant when played together.

28

Minimalism

"emperors new clothes" no one can really see it but pretends to be smart enough to see it, La Monte Young composition 1960 #7

29

Indeterminancy

Something not defined by the composer that will cause the piece to be different each time it is performed

30

Phasing

Steve Reich, come out...When a piece is overlapped an d played at a different pace. Take the melody then repeat it, double it