Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (100):
What is the "remnant" described by Paul in Romans 11?
Those who know the Word of God and are called to share it with everyone
Under what criteria is the remnant chosen?
By the grace of God
What is the false god of the Old Testament that Paul warns against worshipping?
What are the two ways that Paul describes those who find themselves in a "spirit of stupor"?
Blind and deaf
What is the manner discussed in class to turn your emotions/problems/situations into ACTION that follows God's call to love others?
By viewing the situation as an OPPORTUNITY of what God wants you to do
What does Paul use as a metaphor to describe how to stay connected to God through Jesus?
In light of this connection, what is considered to be the sternness of God described in Romans 11:22?
That there will be consistent consequences when choosing wrong behavior
What is the kindness of God in Romans 11:22?
A new opportunity each day to choose right behavior
What does irrevocable mean?
Cannot be taken away
Can the gifts you are given from God can be taken away from you if you don’t use them for the glory of God?
“Whoever loves discipline, loves knowledge, but whoever hates correction is stupid”.
“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.”
In Romans 12:1 what is described as being a living sacrifice for God?
Offering our bodies and minds
In Romans 12:2 it states "Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world" - what is the pattern of this world?
To be self centered
In Romans 12:2, Paul states that you will be transformed by the renewing of what?
In Romans 12:1-2, the lesson that Paul teaches is that you will be able to do what ACT when you are renewed?
Test and approve God's will
What is the threefold way God’s will is described in Romans 12:2?
Good, pleasing and perfect
In Romans 12:3-8, why does Paul use the human body to describe the spiritual gifts that each of us have?
To show that each of us are uniquely valuable and each of us have a unique role to play (for instance the
ear’s job isn’t to smell, the eye’s job isn’t to hear, etc.)
Is there something humans can do to earn or acquire these gifts?
Is there anything humans can do to have these gifts taken away?
In Romans 12:5, what does Paul state that each member of our body belongs to?
Once you have decided to trust God’s will, what is the three-pronged continual process God has provided
for the purpose of your life?
a. Identify – identify the gifts and talents God has given us
b. Sharpen – Develop the gifts and talents God has given us
c. Apply – Use our gifts and talents to meet the needs of the age
What is meant by love that must be “sincere” in Romans 12:9?
Real, not phony or to make it “look like” `you really care so that you will be considered “good”
What are six (6) of the ways that Paul describes “sincere love” in Romans 12:9-11? NOTE: This is what a
person who has been “transformed by the renewing of their mind” looks like:
1. Hate what is evil
2. Cling to what is good
3. Never be lacking in zeal
4. Practice hospitality
5. Rejoice with those who rejoice
6. Mourn with those who mourn
In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be joyful in:
In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be patient in:
In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be faithful in:
In Romans 12:13, Paul teaches that relief from dwelling on our problems and worries is found in what
Sharing with people in need and practicing hospitality
Why do the actions in Romans 12:13 release us from dwelling in problems and worry?
Because we are
focused on others instead of ourselves
In Romans 12:20, why are you;"heaping burning coals"; on your enemy if you feed them or give them something to drink?
Because they are expecting you to compete, argue, or judge them…
How does Romans 12 teach us to overcome evil?
When the authors wrote that there is now a time to stop “mere revision of traditional attitudes” due to cultural
advancements, they were referring to culture clashes with organized religion. Who were the two individuals given as an example that clashed with the Catholic Church:
Galileo; Martin Luther
On whose writings did the US Declaration of Independence based their idea of “inalienable human rights that come from
our Creator” upon?
Who wrote Democracy in America?
Alexis de Tocqueville
What Manifesto promoting the community of man and the elimination of religious influence was written by authors Marx and Engel in 1848?
What influential text was published in 1859?
Darwin's origin of species
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?
Which US Supreme Court Justice supported the concept of Sociological Jurisprudence when ruling on cases?
Oliver Wendell Holmes jr.
He was one of the signors of the original Humanist Manifesto that was a philosopher and influenced government schooling in America?
Who was the US President during the Progressive Era that influenced changes in the American Culture?
What was the name of the famous liberal lawyer who argued in defense of teaching evolution in schools, during the famous trial in the era of cultural change?
What was the name of the famous lawyer and former presidential candidate who argued the case in support of the law to
not allow the teaching evolution in schools, during the famous trial in the era of cultural change?
William Jennings Bryan
Who created the theory of the “Hierarchy of Needs” that he presented in 1943.
In which era were the individuals mentioned above clash with the Catholic Church?
Where did the Declaration of Independence state that the rights of humans come from?
The person who wrote Democracy in America observed that in America there is “a connection between _____ and _____, whereas in France they are marching in opposite directions.”
How did the writers of the US Constitution include an understanding of Christianity into the structure of the document?
Due to their understanding of original sin, they understood the need to balance powers
What is significant about the founding educational purpose of collegiate institutions such as Harvard, Yale, Princeton, etc. and the private boarding high schools such as Groton.
Founded to teach the Truth of God
Law in America was originally taught as being based upon God’s _____ law.
This was considered the ________ Method.
In 1870 teaching on law in America changed, when Langdell became the president at _________.
The new method was based upon the ______ Method.
What did this new method teach?
Law evolves over time, therefore past cases can be used to view growth and make new rulings
What is Sociological Jurisprudence?
The law of society changes as the culture of society changes
______ is how people behave (what is).
______ is a transcendent norm of behavior (what ought to be).
______ is the ability to understand the perspective of others.
__________ is a comprehensive set of truth claims that purports to paint a picture of reality.
What is the comprehensive set of truth claims taught at MVCS?
When was the original Humanist Manifesto written?
How many different versions of the Humanist Manifesto are there?
Why is the Humanist Manifesto a document of faith?
Its basic claims of authority are based upon beliefs that cannot be scientifically proven – only theorized upon
The Humanist Manifesto was part of the _______ Era of cultural change in America.
Two US Amendments were passed during this era of cultural change –what were they?
Prohibition, women's right to vote
What was the name of the famous trial of this era that debated evolution and creationism?
What was the name of the law that made it illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee schools?
What were the two significant events that led to the writing of the second Humanist Manifesto?
Continual war, Rowe vs. Wade
What is the quote from the second Humanist Manifesto that illustrates their foundational beliefs?
“No deity will save us –
we must save ourselves”
What term, describing humanism was dropped from the first to the second Humanist Manifesto?
According to Humanists, man is basically what?
According to Humanists, relief from the personal and societal problems, AND the meaning to life comes from where?
Satisfying ones desires
What were the two primary reasons why the ideas in the Humanist Manifesto found an acceptable audience in Western Civilization?
Appeals to inherent sinful nature / Appeals to the desire to not be under the authority of organized religion
What makes the Humanist Manifesto a religious document?
It has a set of principles and values that individuals are to adhere to by faith
Humanism believes that who is responsible for the realization of an individual’s dreams and achievements?
Humanism puts it’s faith in man’s _________ achievements.
Humanism rejects dualism, which is:
The belief in body, soul, and spirit contained in oneself
Humanism believes that the universe was ________ and was not _______.
Self existing, crreated
How does the Humanist Manifesto explain where man came from?
Man emerged from nature
What twofold process does the Humanist Manifesto reject when stating that it is “unacceptable (for) any supernatural or cosmic guarantees of life” and that an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”?
Redemption from Sin through the death & resurrection of Jesus Christ
What two methods does the Humanist Manifesto promote when an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”?
Use intelligent inquiry
Make an assessment of how it relates to human needs
The Humanist Manifesto states that “religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the ___________ and ________.
Scientific spirit, method
What is being transferred when the Humanist Manifesto makes the above mentioned claim?
Transferring authority of “religion” from God to human’s faith in scientific discoveries
Humanists do not believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth can be found in a relationship with God through _________ or ____________
Humanists believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth is to be found in relationships with __________
Humanists believe that traditional religion gives individuals false _____ and wishful _____.
What three examples do the writers of the Humanist Manifesto called “advancements” to conclude that a new situation has been created “which requires a new statement of the means and purposes of religion.”
a. Human’s larger understanding of the universe
b. Human’s scientific achievements
c. Human’s deeper appreciation of brotherhood
The Humanist Manifesto states that religion is to meet which two needs of humanity?
a. Adequate social goals
b. Personal satisfaction
How does the Humanist Manifesto believe that humans can come to a “complete realization of the human personality?”
Through the fulfillment of oneself in the here and now
What does the Humanist Manifesto believe is the correct manner for humans to express their “religious emotions?”
a. Have a heightened sense of personal life
b. Make a co-operative effort to create social well-being
How does Christianity believe individuals are to express their “religious emotions?”
a. Love God
b. Love others
The Humanist Manifesto states that man will learn to face the crises of life in the following two manners – what academic disciplines does each term represent:
Furthermore, the Humanist Manifesto contrasts its claim on how to face the crises of life, by stating that it will “no longer” face crisis in which three manners?
a. Sentimental hopes
b. Unreal hopes
c. Wishful thinking
What are the two ways advised in the Humanist Manifesto in order to ensure that man will face the crises of life in the way
they have determined to be correct?
a. Fostered by education
b. Supported by custom
What has been created in US Government that illustrates the following statement: “We assume the humanism will take the path of social and mental hygiene.”
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto promote?
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto reject?
The Humanist Manifesto states that all associations and institutions exist for what purpose?
Fulfillment of human life
The purpose of the Hierarchy of Needs is the underlying belief that:
a. Humans are basically good
b. Humans all have flaws that can be corrected so they live the way they desire
What are the 5 levels of the Hierarchy of Needs
c. Social Connections
d. Safety (Emotional, Physical, Intellectual)
e. Physiological Needs