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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (100):
1

What is the "remnant" described by Paul in Romans 11?

Those who know the Word of God and are called to share it with everyone

2

Under what criteria is the remnant chosen?

By the grace of God

3

What is the false god of the Old Testament that Paul warns against worshipping?

Baal

4

What are the two ways that Paul describes those who find themselves in a "spirit of stupor"?

Blind and deaf

5

What is the manner discussed in class to turn your emotions/problems/situations into ACTION that follows God's call to love others?

By viewing the situation as an OPPORTUNITY of what God wants you to do

6

What does Paul use as a metaphor to describe how to stay connected to God through Jesus?

In-grafted Branches

7

In light of this connection, what is considered to be the sternness of God described in Romans 11:22?

That there will be consistent consequences when choosing wrong behavior

8

What is the kindness of God in Romans 11:22?

A new opportunity each day to choose right behavior

9

What does irrevocable mean?

Cannot be taken away

10

Can the gifts you are given from God can be taken away from you if you don’t use them for the glory of God?

No

11

“Whoever loves discipline, loves knowledge, but whoever hates correction is stupid”.

Proverbs 12:1

12

“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.”

Proverbs 1:7

13

In Romans 12:1 what is described as being a living sacrifice for God?

Offering our bodies and minds

14

In Romans 12:2 it states "Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world" - what is the pattern of this world?

To be self centered

15

In Romans 12:2, Paul states that you will be transformed by the renewing of what?

Your mind

16

In Romans 12:1-2, the lesson that Paul teaches is that you will be able to do what ACT when you are renewed?

Test and approve God's will

17

What is the threefold way God’s will is described in Romans 12:2?

Good, pleasing and perfect

18

In Romans 12:3-8, why does Paul use the human body to describe the spiritual gifts that each of us have?

To show that each of us are uniquely valuable and each of us have a unique role to play (for instance the
ear’s job isn’t to smell, the eye’s job isn’t to hear, etc.)

19

Is there something humans can do to earn or acquire these gifts?

No

20

Is there anything humans can do to have these gifts taken away?

No

21

In Romans 12:5, what does Paul state that each member of our body belongs to?

One another

22

Once you have decided to trust God’s will, what is the three-pronged continual process God has provided
for the purpose of your life?

a. Identify – identify the gifts and talents God has given us
b. Sharpen – Develop the gifts and talents God has given us
c. Apply – Use our gifts and talents to meet the needs of the age

23

What is meant by love that must be “sincere” in Romans 12:9?

Real, not phony or to make it “look like” `you really care so that you will be considered “good”

24

What are six (6) of the ways that Paul describes “sincere love” in Romans 12:9-11? NOTE: This is what a
person who has been “transformed by the renewing of their mind” looks like:

1. Hate what is evil
2. Cling to what is good
3. Never be lacking in zeal
4. Practice hospitality
5. Rejoice with those who rejoice
6. Mourn with those who mourn

25

In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be joyful in:

Hope

26

In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be patient in:

Affliction

27

In Romans 12:12, Paul teaches that we are to be faithful in:

Prayer

28

In Romans 12:13, Paul teaches that relief from dwelling on our problems and worries is found in what
action?

Sharing with people in need and practicing hospitality

29

Why do the actions in Romans 12:13 release us from dwelling in problems and worry?

Because we are
focused on others instead of ourselves

30

In Romans 12:20, why are you;"heaping burning coals"; on your enemy if you feed them or give them something to drink?

Because they are expecting you to compete, argue, or judge them…

31

How does Romans 12 teach us to overcome evil?

With good

32

When the authors wrote that there is now a time to stop “mere revision of traditional attitudes” due to cultural
advancements, they were referring to culture clashes with organized religion. Who were the two individuals given as an example that clashed with the Catholic Church:

Galileo; Martin Luther

33

On whose writings did the US Declaration of Independence based their idea of “inalienable human rights that come from
our Creator” upon?

John Locke

34

Who wrote Democracy in America?

Alexis de Tocqueville

35

What Manifesto promoting the community of man and the elimination of religious influence was written by authors Marx and Engel in 1848?

Communist Manifesto

36

What influential text was published in 1859?

Darwin's origin of species

37

Who wrote Two Treatises of Government?

John Locke

38

Which US Supreme Court Justice supported the concept of Sociological Jurisprudence when ruling on cases?

Oliver Wendell Holmes jr.

39

He was one of the signors of the original Humanist Manifesto that was a philosopher and influenced government schooling in America?

John Dewey

40

Who was the US President during the Progressive Era that influenced changes in the American Culture?

Woodrow Wilson

41

What was the name of the famous liberal lawyer who argued in defense of teaching evolution in schools, during the famous trial in the era of cultural change?

Clarence Darrow

42

What was the name of the famous lawyer and former presidential candidate who argued the case in support of the law to
not allow the teaching evolution in schools, during the famous trial in the era of cultural change?

William Jennings Bryan

43

Who created the theory of the “Hierarchy of Needs” that he presented in 1943.

Abraham Maslow

44

In which era were the individuals mentioned above clash with the Catholic Church?

1500s

45

Where did the Declaration of Independence state that the rights of humans come from?

God

46

The person who wrote Democracy in America observed that in America there is “a connection between _____ and _____, whereas in France they are marching in opposite directions.”

Religion, liberty

47

How did the writers of the US Constitution include an understanding of Christianity into the structure of the document?

Due to their understanding of original sin, they understood the need to balance powers

48

What is significant about the founding educational purpose of collegiate institutions such as Harvard, Yale, Princeton, etc. and the private boarding high schools such as Groton.

Founded to teach the Truth of God

49

Law in America was originally taught as being based upon God’s _____ law.

Natural

50

This was considered the ________ Method.

Blackstone

51

In 1870 teaching on law in America changed, when Langdell became the president at _________.

Harvard

52

The new method was based upon the ______ Method.

Case study

53

What did this new method teach?

Law evolves over time, therefore past cases can be used to view growth and make new rulings

54

What is Sociological Jurisprudence?

The law of society changes as the culture of society changes

55

______ is how people behave (what is).

Morals

56

______ is a transcendent norm of behavior (what ought to be).

Ethics

57

______ is the ability to understand the perspective of others.

Empathy

58

__________ is a comprehensive set of truth claims that purports to paint a picture of reality.

Formal worldview

59

What is the comprehensive set of truth claims taught at MVCS?

Christianity

60

When was the original Humanist Manifesto written?

1933

61

How many different versions of the Humanist Manifesto are there?

3

62

Why is the Humanist Manifesto a document of faith?

Its basic claims of authority are based upon beliefs that cannot be scientifically proven – only theorized upon

63

The Humanist Manifesto was part of the _______ Era of cultural change in America.

Progressive

64

Two US Amendments were passed during this era of cultural change –what were they?

Prohibition, women's right to vote

65

What was the name of the famous trial of this era that debated evolution and creationism?

Scopes

66

What was the name of the law that made it illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee schools?

Butler-Act

67

What were the two significant events that led to the writing of the second Humanist Manifesto?

Continual war, Rowe vs. Wade

68

What is the quote from the second Humanist Manifesto that illustrates their foundational beliefs?

“No deity will save us –
we must save ourselves”

69

What term, describing humanism was dropped from the first to the second Humanist Manifesto?

Religious

70

According to Humanists, man is basically what?

Good

71

According to Humanists, relief from the personal and societal problems, AND the meaning to life comes from where?

Satisfying ones desires

72

What were the two primary reasons why the ideas in the Humanist Manifesto found an acceptable audience in Western Civilization?

Appeals to inherent sinful nature / Appeals to the desire to not be under the authority of organized religion

73

What makes the Humanist Manifesto a religious document?

It has a set of principles and values that individuals are to adhere to by faith

74

Humanism believes that who is responsible for the realization of an individual’s dreams and achievements?

Ourselves

75

Humanism puts it’s faith in man’s _________ achievements.

Scientific

76

Humanism rejects dualism, which is:

The belief in body, soul, and spirit contained in oneself

77

Humanism believes that the universe was ________ and was not _______.

Self existing, crreated

78

How does the Humanist Manifesto explain where man came from?

Man emerged from nature

79

What twofold process does the Humanist Manifesto reject when stating that it is “unacceptable (for) any supernatural or cosmic guarantees of life” and that an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”?

Original sin
Redemption from Sin through the death & resurrection of Jesus Christ

80

What two methods does the Humanist Manifesto promote when an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”?

Use intelligent inquiry
Make an assessment of how it relates to human needs

81

The Humanist Manifesto states that “religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the ___________ and ________.

Scientific spirit, method

82

What is being transferred when the Humanist Manifesto makes the above mentioned claim?

Transferring authority of “religion” from God to human’s faith in scientific discoveries

83

Humanists do not believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth can be found in a relationship with God through _________ or ____________

Worship, prayer

84

Humanists believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth is to be found in relationships with __________

Other humans

85

Humanists believe that traditional religion gives individuals false _____ and wishful _____.

Hope, thinking

86

What three examples do the writers of the Humanist Manifesto called “advancements” to conclude that a new situation has been created “which requires a new statement of the means and purposes of religion.”

a. Human’s larger understanding of the universe
b. Human’s scientific achievements
c. Human’s deeper appreciation of brotherhood

87

The Humanist Manifesto states that religion is to meet which two needs of humanity?

a. Adequate social goals
b. Personal satisfaction

88

How does the Humanist Manifesto believe that humans can come to a “complete realization of the human personality?”

Through the fulfillment of oneself in the here and now

89

What does the Humanist Manifesto believe is the correct manner for humans to express their “religious emotions?”

a. Have a heightened sense of personal life
b. Make a co-operative effort to create social well-being

90

How does Christianity believe individuals are to express their “religious emotions?”

a. Love God
b. Love others

91

The Humanist Manifesto states that man will learn to face the crises of life in the following two manners – what academic disciplines does each term represent:
Naturalness- _________
Probability- __________

Science
Math

92

Furthermore, the Humanist Manifesto contrasts its claim on how to face the crises of life, by stating that it will “no longer” face crisis in which three manners?

a. Sentimental hopes
b. Unreal hopes
c. Wishful thinking

93

What are the two ways advised in the Humanist Manifesto in order to ensure that man will face the crises of life in the way
they have determined to be correct?

a. Fostered by education
b. Supported by custom

94

What has been created in US Government that illustrates the following statement: “We assume the humanism will take the path of social and mental hygiene.”

Welfare system

95

What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto promote?

Socialism

96

What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto reject?

Capitalism

97

The Humanist Manifesto states that all associations and institutions exist for what purpose?

Fulfillment of human life

98

The purpose of the Hierarchy of Needs is the underlying belief that:

a. Humans are basically good
b. Humans all have flaws that can be corrected so they live the way they desire

99

What are the 5 levels of the Hierarchy of Needs

a. Self-Actualization
b. Self-Esteem
c. Social Connections
d. Safety (Emotional, Physical, Intellectual)
e. Physiological Needs

100

What is the logical fallacy built into the Hierarchy of Needs?

A self-centered focus on improvement, won’t suddenly produce an enlightened individual who will serve in
the improvement of others instead of continuing to improve oneself