Test 9, Ch. 7-9 Flashcards Preview

5th Science > Test 9, Ch. 7-9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 9, Ch. 7-9 Deck (52):
1

This bird can dive through the air at speeds of 220 mph or more.

peregrine falcon

2

this bird is the largest in the world

ostrich

3

this bird is the South American relative of the ostrich

rhea

4

this bird is the only one that can fly backward

hummingbird

5

this bird encloses itself in its nest with a mud wall

hornbill

6

All fish are ____-blooded.

cold

7

The breathing organs of the fish are called

gills

8

the structure that helps the fish to stay at one level in the water without sinking is the

swim bladder

9

for protection, most fish have a coat of hard, rounded disks called

scales

10

the lamprey is an example of a ____ fish

jawless

11

a shark has a tough, flexible skeleton made of

cartilage

12

most of the fist in the world are ____ fish

bony

13

the fish that has both of its eyes on one side of its head is the

flounder

14

the process in which a snake loses its outer skin

molting

15

the fastest snake

African black mamba

16

the organ called Jacobson's organ helps the snake's sense of

smell

17

the tiniest snake in the world

blind snake

18

the poison produced by some snakes

venom

19

the largest poisonous snake

king cobra

20

the lizard that can squirt a stream of blood from its eyes

horned lizard

21

the lizard that is more at home in water than on land

marine iguana

22

the only lizards in the world that use poison to stun their prey

gila monster & beaded lizard

23

the lizard that can change its color to match its surroundings

chameleon

24

many lizards escape danger by

shedding their tails

25

the upper section of the turtle's shell

carapace

26

the round, tough layers of skin covering the turtle's shell are called

scutes

27

most turtles are

freshwater turtles

28

one of the only reptiles that guards its eggs until they hatch

crocodile

29

the crocodilians that live only in the southeastern US and along China's Yangtze River

alligators

30

You will label the following clouds

cirrus, cumulus, stratus

31

Amphibians protect themselves by secreting a mildly poisonous

slime

32

baby frogs & toads are called

tadpoles

33

the precess in which an animal changes form as it grows older

metamorphosis

34

the largest salamander is the rare ____

Japanese giant salamander

35

young amphibians breathe with ____ until they develop lungs

gills

36

the basic cause of all weather

sun

37

there are ____ major wind systems

3

38

the amount of water vapor that the air can hold at a given temperature

relative humidity

39

different seasons are caused by

the tilt of the earth's axis

40

dew and frost are caused by

condensation

41

a small piece of ice that is tossed up and down inside a cloud, becomes coated with several layers of ice, and finally falls to earth

hailstone

42

You will label the following on a diagram of the sun:

corona, chromosphere, photosphere, core

43

List the planets in order from the sun:

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

44

give a fact about Mercury

slightly larger than our moon; closest planet to the sun

45

give a fact about Venus

"Earth's Twin"; brightest planet in the sky; surrounded by highly reflective clouds of sulfuric acid

46

give a fact about Earth

only planet with a bountiful supply of water; only planet suitable for living things

47

give a fact about Mars

the "red planet"; Viking spacecraft landed there

48

give a fact about Jupiter

largest planet; huge, powerful thunderstorms occur in its atmosphere; Great Red Spot swirls in its atmosphere

49

give a fact about Saturn

has a moon larger than Mercury; has seven bands made up of ice particles and rocks; second largest planet

50

give a fact about Uranus

first planet discovered in modern times; discovered by Sir William Herschel; tipped over on its side

51

give a fact about Neptune

appears royal blue; has the strongest winds measured anywhere in the solar system

52

You observe a lizardlike animal sunning itself on a rock. Is this animal a lizard or a salamander? How do you know, even without touching the animal or observing it closely?

It is a lizard. Salamanders are amphibians, with a thin skin which has to stay moist, so it would not sun itself on a rock.