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Flashcards in Test One Deck (50)
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1

How many bonds can a carbon atom have directed to the same atom?

One, two, or three

2

Can other atoms besides carbon participate in multiple bonds?

Yes

3

What are the two types of isomers?

Constitutional Isomers

Steroisomers

4

What is an isomer?

Isomers are different compounds with the same molecular formula

5

What is a constitutional isomer?

An isomer that has the same molecular formula but different connectivity

6

What is a steroisomer?

An isomer with the same connectivity but different spatial arrangement

7

The ___________________ states that atoms gain, lose, or share electrons in order to achieve noble gas configuration.

OCTET RULE

8

Describe ionic bonding

Bond that is formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to another to give positive and negative ions.

9

Electrons can be transferred from areas of _______________ to ______________

Lower electronegativity to higher electronegativity

10

What is electronegativity?

The ability of an atom to attract electrons

11

What is the most electronegative element?

Fluorine

12

In _________________ bonds, atoms share electrons

COVALENT

13

What causes covalent bonding?

Covalent bonding occurs when electronegativities are close and thus shared.

14

What are resonance structures?

Lewis structures that only differ in their arrangement

15

Describe the reesonance hybrid

It is the true nature of the species that is found in the lab

16

Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen

HYDROCARBONS

17

How many hydrocarbons are there?

FOUR

18

What are the four hydrocarbons?

ALKANES

ALKENES

ALKYNES

AROMATICS

19

____________ are strictly hydrocarbons

ALKANES

20

In Alkanes, all carbons are ________________

SP3 hybridized

21

In alkanes there are only ______________ bonds

Carbon-Carbon SINGLE bonds

22

In alkane there is only ___________ and ___________ present

CARBON and HYDROGEN

23

What is the general formula for ALKANES?

Cn-H2n+2

24

What are the two simplest alkanes?

METHANE and ETHANE

25

What is the general formula for CYCLOALKANES?

Cn-H2n (Twice the number of hydrogens than carbons)

26

__________ contain at least one carbon-carbon double bond.

ALKENES

27

What is the general formula for ALKENES?

Cn-H2n

28

What aare the two simplest alkenes?

ETHENE

PROPENE

29

Alkenes are _____________ hybridized

Sp2 HYBRIDIZED

30

What is the general formula for CYCLOALKENES?

CnH2n-2 (Twice the number of hydrogens minus 2)