Flashcards in The Airway Deck (12):
What is stertor?
Snoring type of noisy inspiratory sound caused by partial obstruction of the upper airway above the larynx - in people who are deeply unconscious
What is stridor?
Noise heard on inspiration when the trachea or larynx are obstructured. Often higher pitched
Presentation of acute epiglottitis?
Usually 2-7 yr old
Leaning forward and drooling
Classical tripod position
Causes of acute epiglottitis?
-H influezae type B
What 'sounds' are heard in croup?
Stridor (common cause of it)
Harsh cough - barking which is subglottic
What causes croup?
Initial viral throat infection
What causes the narrowing in croup and of what?
Narrows the subglottis most commonly
Management of croup?
-home with oral antibiotics and steam inhalation
-oral and nebulised steroids
What is the leading cause of death in 1-3 yr olds?
Inhalation of a foreign body
What may be seen on a chest X-ray where there is a foreign body?
Opaque foreign body
Management of inhalation of a foreign body?