The Alberta Wildfire 2016 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Alberta Wildfire 2016 Deck (30):
1

When did Alberta wildfire occur ?

May 2016

2

How many evacuated ?

90,000 in fort McMurray

3

How many homes and businesses destroyed

2400

4

How many killed/ injured?

No one

5

How much land did it burn ?

600,000 ha

Equivalent to country of Norfolk in uk

6

Where did fire sweep through ?

Canada’s Alberta province

7

Where did the fire ignite !?

Remote forrested area SW of fort mcmurray
1st May

It was initially undercontrol

8

What did the wind do to the fire ?

Spread of fire into out skirts of fort mcmurray

9

What did effect did the fire have ?

Spotting
Where wind carries burned embers igniting fires ahead of actual fire front

Also jumped across rivers

Erratic spread

10

How were the environmental conditions favourable in fort mcmurray

Lack of winter snowfall ❄️
Early snow melt in spring.
Warmer average temps which dried ground out.
Very low humidity.
Dry veg.

11

What were the environmental conditions after fire ignited?

Temps exceeded 30 degrees.
Winds increased.
Intensity of fire created own weather patterns like lightening - positive feedback as more fire ignited.

12

How can climate change be linked with the fire?

El Niño effect.
Usually warm temps.
Dry spring conditions.

Early springs extends fire season.

(However some say that increase in force could be a reflection of better reporting)

13

Name a place where serious loss took place.

Beacon hill

14

Name a place evacuated.

Parsons creek

15

Name 3 env impacts

1. Affected boreal forest ecosystem due to species soil and burned tree roots.

2. Release of millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide.

3. Ash leaking into water ways causing pollution, fish harmed.

16

Name 3 social impacts

1. Power supplies destroyed

2. Increased levels of anxiety about future, more frequent due to climate change.

3. Jobs/ livelihoods impacted

17

Name 3 economic impacts

1. €9 billion of damage

2. Transports impacted - airport

3. 1/3 of 25000 workers in oil sands industry evacuated

18

Name 3 political impacts

1. Political debate about impacts of climate change - increase in vulnerability.

2. Reconstruction programmes for buildings/ services needed to be coordinated

3. Government officials oversee evacuation programmes.

19

What was the initial response ?

Careful monitoring of newly ignited fire using ground and satellite data.
Meteorological information used to forecast direction.


Emergency services / fire warnings issued

20

Why was the mass evacuation good?

Meant no deaths or injuries

21

What happened when Canadian government triggered state of emergency?

Canadian armed forces came in.
Helicopters, water bombers and firefighters.

Help from USA / russia

22

How much money did Alberta government give to residents ?

$120 per adult
$500 per dependent

23

How much did Red Cross give ?

$50 mill

24

When where residents allowed back ?

June.

Long process of cleaning and building

Priminister promised long term aid

25

What happened st the end of June ?

Benefit concert ‘fire aid’
Raise money for those affected

26

How long did fire last ?

400 days

27

What’s the main cause of wildfires in Alberta ?

Lightening 43%

Recreational 38%

28

Risk and vulnerability

Weather - dry/ warm/ low humidity / lightening.
El Niño
Global warming
Campfires
Large frequency but not much time to recover.
Some places rural so spreads easily

29

Describe what the Alberta wildfire would look like on park model

Steep gradient of deterioration - spread quick.
Shorter rehabilitation as mass evacuation / over seas help.
Longer reconstruction time as fire caused a lot of damage/ people could return to area until June.
It reached improvement

30

How much land did 2011 Alberta wild fire lose?

700,000 ya