What is the Preamble?
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
The Bill of Rights?
The First 10 Amendments.
Freedom of speech, press, and the right to petition.
The right to bear arms.
No soldier can enter your house, unless you give consent.
A persons house/living space can not be searched for unreasonable reasons. This does not apply to if they have reasonable suspicion and have a warrant or your permission.
The right to remain silent.
The right to a defendant, trial without unnecasary delay, know who your accusers are and what you are being charged with.
It protects the right for citizens to have a jury trial in federal courts with civil cases where the claim exceeds a 20 dollars worth of cost. It also prohibits judges in these trials from overruling facts revealed by the jury.
Prevents people from getting cruel and unusual punishments, and excessive fines.
Even though some rights are not listed within the constitution, they still exist.
Any power not mentioned in the constitution for the whole country, is up to the states, and the people to decide.
What amendments affect voting rights?
15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th.
What does the 15th Amendment do?
Gave Africans the right to vote.
What does the 19th Amendment do?
Gave women the right to vote.
What does the 24th Amendment do?
Eliminated poll taxes that some states used to keep Africans from voting.
What does the 26th Amendment do?
Lowered required voting age to 18.
Who was the Primary author of the constitution?
When was the constitution written, ratified, then in operation?
1787, 1788, and 1789.
What does the Judicial Branch do?
Interperets the law, and punishes those found guilty of breaking the law.
What does the Legislative Branch do?
Makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign interactions and controls taxing and spending policies.
What does the Executive Branch do?
The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the president, vice president, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independance?
Who was the Declaration of Independance’s primary signer?
What is Article I of the constitution about?
The Legislative Branch.
What is Article II of the constitution about?
The Executive Branch.
What is Article III of the constitution about?
The Judicial Branch.
What is Article IV of the constitution about?
If a crime is commited in a state and someone moves to a state without that law, the state must punish them like the original state would. It also mentions that the whole country will give each state its own republic government, and protect it from invasion. It also mentions new states can be added to this union with certain restrictions.
What is Article V of the constitution about?
Amendments can be made to the Constitution if 2/3 of both houses of congress deem it necasary.
What is Article VI of the constitution about?
Relationships between the states and the Federation. If state law is conflicting federal law, federal law must be applied.
What is Article VII of the constitution about?
When the constitution is ratified, it will be law.
When was the Declaration of Independance adopted, and when was it signed?
July 4th, 1776
August 2nd, 1776
What is the national anthem?
The star spangled banner,
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight
O’er the ramparts we watch’d were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?