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Flashcards in The East before the crusade Deck (19):
1

What were Tutush's sons called?

Ridwan of Aleppo and Duqaq of Damascus

2

Who was Malik Shah's brother?

Tutush

3

Who was Sulayman's son?

Kilij Arslan

4

Why was military strength important for the Sunni Seljuk Turks?

They were at odds with most of their people on religious grounds, as the majority of people were Shi'a muslims

5

What were the two rival Muslim power bases on the eve of the first crusade?

The Umayyad dynasty and the Abbasid dynasty

6

When was the Battle of Manzikert?

1071

7

What were the three threats faced by the Byzantine Empire in the 1070s?

The Normans, the Pechenegs, and the Seljuk Turks

8

What intensified the threats faced by the Byzantines?

The Battle of Manzikert (1071)

9

At what council did Alexius I call for help?

The Council of Piacenza

10

What was the Schism?

The term used to describe the split between the Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church in 1054 over Church doctrine and the Filioque Controversy

11

When did Malik Shah die?

1092

12

In what year were the Byzantines defeated at the Battle of Manzikert and which emperor was in charge?

1071; Romanos IV Diogenes

13

Give one effect of the loss at the Battle of Manzikert

Mass migration, Most of Anatolia lost, lack of manpower in the fields, conscription

14

How did Alexios Komnenos take power?

Marched on the city of Constantinople, pillages the elites and placed emperor in a monastery

15

When and where were the Pechenegs defeated?

1091 at Lebounion Hill

16

How did Alexius I deal with the Seljuk threat and why did this end?

Negotiated with Sulayman; he died in 1090, and Malik Shah died in 1092

17

What was the Byzantine contribution at the Siege of Nicaea?

Boutoumites and Taticius with 2000 troops, launched supplies. Negotiated surrender

18

What did the Byzantine Empire get out of the First Crusade?

Southern Anatolian coast

19

What action did Bohemond take against the Byzantines between 1105 and 1107?

Attacked Durazzo